catabolism


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ca·tab·o·lism

 (kə-tăb′ə-lĭz′əm)
n.
The metabolic breakdown of complex molecules into simpler ones, often resulting in a release of energy.


cat′a·bol′ic (kăt′ə-bŏl′ĭk) adj.
cat′a·bol′i·cal·ly adv.

catabolism

(kəˈtæbəˌlɪzəm) or

katabolism

n
(Biochemistry) a metabolic process in which complex molecules are broken down into simple ones with the release of energy; destructive metabolism. Compare anabolism
[C19 katabolism, from Greek katabolē a throwing down, from kataballein, from kata- down + ballein to throw]
catabolic, katabolic adj
ˌcataˈbolically, ˌkataˈbolically adv

ca•tab•o•lism

(kəˈtæb əˌlɪz əm)

n.
destructive metabolism; the breaking down in living organisms of more complex substances into simpler ones, with the release of energy (opposed to anabolism).
[1875–80; cata- + (meta)bolism]
cat•a•bol•ic (ˌkæt əˈbɒl ɪk) adj.
cat`a•bol′i•cal•ly, adv.
ca•tab′o•lize`, v.i., v.t. -lized, -liz•ing.

ca·tab·o·lism

(kə-tăb′ə-lĭz′əm)
The phase of metabolism in which energy in the form of ATP is produced by the breakdown of complex molecules, such as proteins and fats, into simpler ones. Compare anabolism.

catabolic adjective

catabolism

1. the metabolic process in which energy is liberated for use in work.
2. destructive metabolism.
See also: Change
Biology, Physiology. the destructive processes of chemical ehange in living organisms, characterized by the breaking down of complex substances into simpler ones, with a release of energy. Cf. anabolism. — catabolic, adj.
See also: Organisms
the destructive process of metabolism in which living matter is turned into waste. — catabolic, adj.
See also: Decaying

catabolism

Chemical reactions in the body that break down complex food substances into simpler substances, releasing energy.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.catabolism - breakdown in living organisms of more complex substances into simpler ones together with release of energy
metabolic process, metabolism - the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life
biological process, organic process - a process occurring in living organisms
anabolism, constructive metabolism - the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances (e.g., living tissue) from simpler ones together with the storage of energy
Translations
katabolizam
katabolizm

catabolism

nAbbaustoffwechsel m, → Katabolismus m (spec)

ca·tab·o·lism

n. catabolismo, proceso por el cual sustancias complejas se reducen a compuestos más simples.
References in periodicals archive ?
Defective tryptophan catabolism underlies inflammation in mouse chronic granulomatous disease.
Catabolism that occurs in conjunction with a hyperdynamic response of the cardiovascular system is a hypermetabolic response to stress that leads to:
Fat catabolism produces ketone bodies as byproducts, which accumulate in the blood and eventually spill out into the urine, putting the dieter into a state of ketosis.
Whether the athlete is a distance runner, an elite weightlifter, or a football player, two events will inevitably occur following an intense workout or competition: (1) a decrease in muscle glycogen (energy) stores and (2) an increase in muscle protein catabolism (protein breakdown).
The glucagonoma syndrome includes increased hepatic gluconeogenesis and hyperglycemia, muscle catabolism with associated wasting, and an unusual cutaneous eruption known as necrolytic migratory erythema, sometimes with associated stomatitis or cheilosis.
Results: Exercise-induced increases in plasma markers of purine catabolism (hypoxanthine, xanthine oxidase and serum uric acid) and circulating cytosolic proteins (myoglobin, fatty acid-binding protein, and creatine kinase) were significantly attenuated by LCLT.
The mechanism for the effect of PCSK9 on LDL apo B-100 catabolism involves binding of PCSK9 to the LDLR and subsequent targeting of this receptor for intracellular degradation (6, 9).
A short-term dose helped to accelerate recovery from muscle soreness, slow strength decline during recovery, and lessen markers of muscle catabolism in resistance trained individuals.
Based on recent published and new preliminary data, our working hypothesis is that amplification of TH action/signalling in muscle is critical in determining the accelerated muscle catabolism that causes muscle loss in numerous diseases.
Catabolism, that breaks down organic matter and harvests energy by way of cellular respiration, and Anabolism that uses energy to construct components of cells such as proteins and nucleic acids.
Catabolism - The process of | breaking down molecules for energy.