catastrophe


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ca·tas·tro·phe

 (kə-tăs′trə-fē)
n.
1. A great, often sudden calamity.
2. A complete failure; a fiasco: The food was cold, the guests quarreled—the whole dinner was a catastrophe.
3. The concluding action of a drama, especially a classical tragedy, following the climax and containing a resolution of the plot.
4. A sudden violent change in the earth's surface; a cataclysm.

[Greek katastrophē, an overturning, ruin, conclusion, from katastrephein, to ruin, undo : kata-, cata- + strephein, to turn; see streb(h)- in Indo-European roots.]

catastrophe

(kəˈtæstrəfɪ)
n
1. a sudden, extensive, or notable disaster or misfortune
2. (Theatre) the denouement of a play, esp a classical tragedy
3. a final decisive event, usually causing a disastrous end
4. (Geological Science) Also called: cataclysm any sudden and violent change in the earth's surface caused by flooding, earthquake, or some other rapid process
[C16: from Greek katastrophē, from katastrephein to overturn, from strephein to turn]
catastrophic adj
ˌcataˈstrophically adv

ca•tas•tro•phe

(kəˈtæs trə fi)

n.
1. a sudden and widespread disaster.
2. any misfortune or failure; fiasco.
3. a disastrous end.
4. the point in a drama following the climax and introducing the conclusion.
5. a sudden, violent disturbance, esp. of a part of the surface of the earth.
[1570–80; < Greek katastrophḗ an overturning, n. derivative of katastréphein to overturn. See cata-, strophe]
cat•a•stroph•ic (ˌkæt əˈstrɒf ɪk) cat`a•stroph′i•cal, adj.
cat`a•stroph′i•cal•ly, adv.
syn: See disaster.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.catastrophe - an event resulting in great loss and misfortunecatastrophe - an event resulting in great loss and misfortune; "the whole city was affected by the irremediable calamity"; "the earthquake was a disaster"
misfortune, bad luck - unnecessary and unforeseen trouble resulting from an unfortunate event
act of God, force majeure, inevitable accident, unavoidable casualty, vis major - a natural and unavoidable catastrophe that interrupts the expected course of events; "he discovered that his house was not insured against acts of God"
apocalypse - a cosmic cataclysm in which God destroys the ruling powers of evil
famine - a severe shortage of food (as through crop failure) resulting in violent hunger and starvation and death
kiss of death - something that is ruinous; "if this were known it would be the kiss of death for my political career"
meltdown - a disaster comparable to a nuclear meltdown; "there is little likelihood of a meltdown comparable to the American banking collapse in March 1933"
plague - any large scale calamity (especially when thought to be sent by God)
visitation - any disaster or catastrophe; "a visitation of the plague"
tidal wave - an unusual (and often destructive) rise of water along the seashore caused by a storm or a combination of wind and high tide
tsunami - a cataclysm resulting from a destructive sea wave caused by an earthquake or volcanic eruption; "a colossal tsunami destroyed the Minoan civilization in minutes"
2.catastrophe - a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortunecatastrophe - a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune; "lack of funds has resulted in a catastrophe for our school system"; "his policies were a disaster"
adversity, hard knocks, hardship - a state of misfortune or affliction; "debt-ridden farmers struggling with adversity"; "a life of hardship"
3.catastrophe - a sudden violent change in the earth's surface
geological phenomenon - a natural phenomenon involving the structure or composition of the earth
nuclear winter - a long period of darkness and extreme cold that scientists predict would follow a full-scale nuclear war; a layer of dust and smoke in the atmosphere would cover the earth and block the rays of the sun; most living organisms would perish

catastrophe

noun disaster, tragedy, calamity, meltdown (informal), cataclysm, trouble, trial, blow, failure, reverse, misfortune, devastation, adversity, mishap, affliction, whammy (informal, chiefly U.S.), bummer (slang), mischance, fiasco The world is heading towards an environmental catastrophe.

catastrophe

noun
An occurrence inflicting widespread destruction and distress:
Translations
كارِثَه، نَكْبَه، ، فاجِعَهنَكْبَة
katastrofa
katastrofe
katastrofi
katastrofa
katasztrófaszerencsétlenség
stórslys; náttúruhamfarir; hörmungarslys
大災害
대참사
katastrofakatastrofiškai
katastrofa
katastrof
ความหายนะ
âfetfelaketfelâket
tai họa

catastrophe

[kəˈtæstrəfɪ] Ncatástrofe f

catastrophe

[kəˈtæstrəfi] ncatastrophe f

catastrophe

nKatastrophe f; to end in catastropheverhängnisvoll or in einer Katastrophe enden; to be heading for catastropheauf eine Katastrophe zusteuern; to be the final catastrophe for somebodyjdm schließlich zum Verhängnis werden

catastrophe

[kəˈtæstrəfɪ] ncatastrofe f

catastrophe

(kəˈtӕstrəfi) noun
a sudden great disaster. earthquakes and other natural catastrophes; Her brother's death was a catastrophe for the family.
catastrophic (kӕtəˈstrofik) adjective
ˌcataˈstrophically adverb

catastrophe

نَكْبَة katastrofa katastrofe Katastrophe καταστροφή catástrofe katastrofi catastrophe katastrofa catastrofe 大災害 대참사 catastrofe katastrofe katastrofa catástrofe катастрофа katastrof ความหายนะ felaket tai họa 大灾难

catastrophe

n catástrofe f
References in classic literature ?
Jo accepted it with a smile, for she had never outgrown her liking for lads, and soon found herself involved in the usual labyrinth of love, mystery, and murder, for the story belonged to that class of light literature in which the passions have a holiday, and when the author's invention fails, a grand catastrophe clears the stage of one half the dramatis personae, leaving the other half to exult over their downfall.
It is true that the city was destroyed, or rather, buried, but this catastrophe was probably brought about by an earthquake.
But this is very abrupt," she said hurriedly, feeling that in some ridiculous way she had precipitated an equally ridiculous catastrophe.
that, were it only for this one circumstance, I cannot help fancying that Destiny is arranging its fifth act for a catastrophe.
The limit of this evil time had arrived only when, on the dawn of a winter's morning, Peter Quint was found, by a laborer going to early work, stone dead on the road from the village: a catastrophe explained-- superficially at least--by a visible wound to his head; such a wound as might have been produced--and as, on the final evidence, HAD been-- by a fatal slip, in the dark and after leaving the public house, on the steepish icy slope, a wrong path altogether, at the bottom of which he lay.
I do not know where I can find a better place than just here, to make mention of one or two other things, which to me seem important, as in printed form establishing in all respects the reasonableness of the whole story of the White Whale, more especially the catastrophe.
They had no real floor--they had laid old boards in one part to make a place for the family to live; it was all right and safe there, but the other part of the garret had only the joists of the floor, and the lath and plaster of the ceiling below, and if one stepped on this there would be a catastrophe.
Come saints --and sinners, hear me tell,' and den down he'd go,"--and Mose imitated precisely the nasal tones of the old man, tumbling on the floor, to illustrate the supposed catastrophe.
All who had seen the catastrophe were describing it at once, and each trying to talk louder than his neighbor; and one youth of a superior genius ran a little way up the hill, called attention, tripped, fell, rolled down among us, and thus triumphantly showed exactly how the thing had been done.
The tremendous catastrophe which had befallen Tom had changed his moral landscape in much the same way.
The boys went back to camp, a good deal awed; but they found there was still something to be thankful for, because the great sycamore, the shelter of their beds, was a ruin, now, blasted by the lightnings, and they were not under it when the catastrophe happened.
I was superstitious about dreams then, and am still; and Catherine had an unusual gloom in her aspect, that made me dread something from which I might shape a prophecy, and foresee a fearful catastrophe.