catastrophism


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ca·tas·tro·phism

 (kə-tăs′trə-fĭz′əm)
n.
1.
a. The doctrine that major changes in the earth's crust result from sudden catastrophes, such as the impact of a large meteor, rather than from gradual evolutionary processes.
b. The doctrine that changes in the earth's fauna and flora result from major catastrophic events that cause the die-off of many organisms and are followed by the appearance of new types of organisms.
2. The prediction or expectation of cataclysmic upheaval, as in political or social developments.

ca·tas′tro·phist n.

catastrophism

(kəˈtæstrəˌfɪzəm)
n
1. (Geological Science) an old doctrine, now discarded, that the earth was created and has subsequently been shaped by sudden divine acts which have no logical connection with each other rather than by gradual evolutionary processes
2. (Geological Science) Also called: neo-catastrophism a modern doctrine that the gradual evolutionary processes shaping the earth have been supplemented in the past by the effects of huge natural catastrophes. Compare uniformitarianism, gradualism2
caˈtastrophist n

catastrophism

the theory that geological changes have been caused by sudden upheaval rather than by gradual and continuing processes. Cf. uniformitarianism.catastrophist, n.
See also: Geology
References in classic literature ?
But though Kidd knew a great deal about Sir Claude--a great deal more, in fact, than there was to know-- it would never have crossed his wildest dreams to connect so showy an aristocrat with the newly-unearthed founder of Catastrophism, or to guess that Sir Claude Champion and John Boulnois could be intimate friends.
That very evening, marked by Mr Kidd for the exposition of Catastrophism, had been marked by Sir Claude Champion for an open-air rendering of Romeo and Juliet, in which he was to play Romeo to a Juliet it was needless to name.
The commission is seeking consciously to shift the balance from what Costello called catastrophism to a far more positive message about the potential for improving human health.
33] While pain is present, avoidance of penetration during sexual activity may be advised to break the cycle of avoidance and catastrophism.
Naipaul's racism, conservatism and catastrophism are rebarbative, but his extremism may serve as a useful foil for enquiring about visions of the future in contemporary Africa, at a moment which sees the various societies of the continent undergoing social, economic and political transformations whose magnitude can probably only be compared with the irruption of European colonization.
Catastrophism in its dominant forms must therefore be linked not simply to the undeniable realities of the organic crisis of our times but to an imperialist obsession with the triage of global humanity.
And even Ralph Cicerone, president of America's National Academy of Sciences, has publically eschewed climate catastrophism.
Author Bruckner has written a lively and thoughtful essay on the damage done by ecological catastrophism, the belief that humans have severely damaged the earth and must pay the price.
I agree with Tom Athanasiou on the need for "global emergency mobilization" to address global climate change ("In Review: Catastrophism," Spring 2013).
14) Thus, by aligning catastrophism with the irrational and superstitious and proposing the fixed and invariable laws of uniformity as the only sound scientific principles of geological change, Lyell "vulgarises the multiplicity of stances between pure uniformitarianism and pure catastrophism" (p.
Please note, the number of scientists in the IPCC report that the organization may honestly be able to say have endorsed the IPCC's AGW catastrophism, is more on the order of 50-60 individuals, not 4,000.
Lyell's uniformitarianism quickly overthrew catastrophism, the geological paradigm of the early nineteenth century which held that features on the surface of the earth were caused by numerous diluvian events, with the Noahic Flood being the last.