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cat·e·go·ry

 (kăt′ĭ-gôr′ē)
n. pl. cat·e·go·ries
1. A specifically defined division in a system of classification; a class.
2. A general class of ideas, terms, or things that mark divisions or coordinations within a conceptual scheme, especially:
a. Aristotle's modes of objective being, such as quality, quantity, or relation, that are inherent in everything.
b. Kant's modes of subjective understanding, such as singularity, universality, or particularity, that organize perceptions into knowledge.
c. A basic logical type of philosophical conception in post-Kantian philosophy.
3. Linguistics
a. A property or structural unit of a language, such as a part of speech or a type of phrase.
b. A specific grammatical defining property of a linguistic unit or class, such as number or gender in the noun and tense or voice in the verb.
4. Mathematics A class of objects, together with a class of morphisms between those objects, and an associative composition rule for those morphisms. Categories are used to study a wide variety of mathematical constructions in a similar way.

[French catégorie, from Old French, from Late Latin catēgoria, class of predicables, from Greek katēgoriā, accusation, charge, from katēgorein, to accuse, predicate : kat-, kata-, down, against; see cata- + agoreuein, ēgor-, to speak in public (from agorā, marketplace, assembly; see ger- in Indo-European roots).]

category

(ˈkætɪɡərɪ)
n, pl -ries
1. a class or group of things, people, etc, possessing some quality or qualities in common; a division in a system of classification
2. (Philosophy) metaphysics any one of the most basic classes into which objects and concepts can be analysed
3. (Philosophy)
a. (in the philosophy of Aristotle) any one of ten most fundamental modes of being, such as quantity, quality, and substance
b. (in the philosophy of Kant) one of twelve concepts required by human beings to interpret the empirical world
c. any set of objects, concepts, or expressions distinguished from others within some logical or linguistic theory by the intelligibility of a specific set of statements concerning them. See also category mistake
[C15: from Late Latin catēgoria, from Greek katēgoria, from kategorein to accuse, assert]

cat•e•go•ry

(ˈkæt ɪˌgɔr i, -ˌgoʊr i)

n., pl. -ries.
1. any division in a system of classification; class; group.
2. any of the classes, concepts, or terms that are basic in a field of knowledge.
[1580–90; < Late Latin catēgoria < Greek katēgoría accusation, predication, category (kat- cat- + -ēgorein to speak < agorá public assembly; see agora1)]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.category - a collection of things sharing a common attributecategory - a collection of things sharing a common attribute; "there are two classes of detergents"
grammatical category, syntactic category - (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties
substitution class, paradigm - the class of all items that can be substituted into the same position (or slot) in a grammatical sentence (are in paradigmatic relation with one another)
aggregation, collection, accumulation, assemblage - several things grouped together or considered as a whole
brass family - (music) the family of brass instruments
violin family - (music) the family of bowed stringed instruments
woodwind family - (music) the family of woodwind instruments
stamp - a type or class; "more men of his stamp are needed"
sex - either of the two categories (male or female) into which most organisms are divided; "the war between the sexes"
declension - a class of nouns or pronouns or adjectives in Indo-European languages having the same (or very similar) inflectional forms; "the first declension in Latin"
conjugation - a class of verbs having the same inflectional forms
denomination - a class of one kind of unit in a system of numbers or measures or weights or money; "he flashed a fistful of bills of large denominations"
histocompatibility complex - a family of fifty or more genes on the sixth human chromosome that code for proteins on the surfaces of cells and that play a role in the immune response
superphylum - (biology) a taxonomic group ranking between a phylum and below a class or subclass
2.category - a general concept that marks divisions or coordinations in a conceptual scheme
concept, conception, construct - an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances
kind, sort, form, variety - a category of things distinguished by some common characteristic or quality; "sculpture is a form of art"; "what kinds of desserts are there?"
pigeonhole - a specific (often simplistic) category
rubric - category name; "it is usually discussed under the rubric of `functional obesity'"
way - a general category of things; used in the expression `in the way of'; "they didn't have much in the way of clothing"

category

noun class, grouping, heading, head, order, sort, list, department, type, division, section, rank, grade, classification The entries were organised into six different catagories.

category

noun
A subdivision of a larger group:
Translations
فِئَةفِئةٌ،طَبَقَةٌ، صِنْفٌ
kategoriedruh
kategoriklassegruppe
kategorialuokka
kategorija
kategória
flokkur, hópur, tegund
部門
범주
categoria
kategorijaklasifikuotirūšiuoti
kategorija
kategória
kategorija
kategori
หมวดหมู่
hạng mục

category

[ˈkætɪgərɪ]
A. Ncategoría f
B. CPD Category A prisoner N (Brit) → preso/a m/f peligroso/a

category

[ˈkætɪgri] ncatégorie f

category

nKategorie f, → Klasse f; Category A prisoner (Brit) → ˜ Schwerverbrecher(in) m(f)

category

[ˈkætɪgrɪ] ncategoria

category

(ˈkӕtəgəri) plural ˈcategories noun
a class or division of things (or people). various categories of goods on sale.
ˈcategorize, ˈcategorise verb
to put (things or people) into a category.

category

فِئَة kategorie kategori Kategorie κατηγορία categoría kategoria catégorie kategorija categoria 部門 범주 categorie kategori kategoria categoria категория kategori หมวดหมู่ kategori hạng mục 种类

category

n. categoría, clase.
References in classic literature ?
But for the whole of the day, there is no disguising it, you must put yourself in the same category with Mrs.
But according to your category I must be merely an acquaintance.
Also there is a touch of irony in them, which takes them out of the category of sophistry.
For instance, beneath the French criticism of the economic functions of money, they wrote "Alienation of Humanity," and beneath the French criticism of the bourgeois State they wrote "dethronement of the Category of the General," and so forth.
He plumed himself on belonging to the class of cynical philosophers who could never be "taken in" by women,--putting them, one and all, unto the same category, as SUSPICIOUS.
The patron of The Young Amelia proposed as a place of landing the Island of Monte Cristo, which being completely deserted, and having neither soldiers nor revenue officers, seemed to have been placed in the midst of the ocean since the time of the heathen Olympus by Mercury, the god of merchants and robbers, classes of mankind which we in modern times have separated if not made distinct, but which antiquity appears to have included in the same category.
Double', 'half','greater', fall under the category of relation; 'in a the market place', 'in the Lyceum', under that of place; 'yesterday', 'last year', under that of time.
For this was no poetry and yet it seemed to put her in the category of visions.
Well, I have no doubt that this small matter will fall into the same innocent category.
If you gently push the swing-door ajar and peer in you draw upon yourself the contemptuous looks of the barmaid, who at once puts you down in the same category with area sneaks and cadgers.
Welland's vagaries; and Archer felt himself gently relegated to the category of unreasonable husbands.
The shore of the lake presents an unbroken array of establishments of this order, of every category, from the "grand hotel" of the newest fashion, with a chalk-white front, a hundred balconies, and a dozen flags flying from its roof, to the little Swiss pension of an elder day, with its name inscribed in German-looking lettering upon a pink or yellow wall and an awkward summerhouse in the angle of the garden.