Also found in: Medical, Wikipedia.


1. An alkaloid, C9H11NO, that is present in fresh khat leaves and is a central nervous system stimulant. It is a controlled substance in the United States.
2. Any of several synthetic derivatives of this alkaloid that are used as drugs for their stimulating properties.

[New Latin Catha, khat genus (from Arabic qāt, khat; see khat) + -in(e) + -one.]
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The new drug's slick website, which we are also not identifying, boasts to its potential customers: "When the generic cathinone [Meow Meow] ban came in we thought we may never see another UK legal cathinone hit the market.
Prof Thomas continued: "Use of new psychoactive substances became increasingly widespread about five years ago, when the use of cathinone drugs such as methadone became increasingly common.
Five months later, khat ingredients cathine and cathinone were banned in competition by the World Anti-Doping Agency.
The drug is composed of synthetic chemicals related to cathinone, an amphetamine-like stimulant found naturally in the khat plant.
Cathinone occurs naturally in the khat plant, which grows on the Arabian Peninsula and in East Africa.
Mephodrone, also known as 4-methylmethcathinone (4-MMC) or 4-methylephedrone, is a synthetic stimulant drug of the amphetamine and cathinone classes.
The majority of these designer drugs are derived from the parent compound cathinone, the active ingredient of the plant khat (Catha edulis).
5] While there are more than 40 chemical constituents in khat, the alkaloid called cathinone is the active principle and responsible for its stimulant effect.
solutions for current and emerging plant-based drugs of abuse from mitragynine; 7-hydroxymitragynine; and hallucinogens such as salvinorin A, mescaline, and bufotenine to natural and designer tryptamines; medicinal and recreational cannabinoids; and stimulants including cathinone derivatives, ephedrine, caffeine and nicotine.
We were very interested to read the article by Kelly Melvin and David Hourani in the January/February 2014 issue of the West Virginia Medical Journal regarding a case of Datura stramonium ingestion being misdiagnosed as cathinone intoxication.
Its psychoactive ingredients -- cathinone and cathine -- are similar to amphetamines but weaker, and can help chewers stay awake and talkative.
It was originally marketed as a plant fertiliser and is derived from cathinone, a compound found in a plant called Khat.