cation


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Related to cation: anion

cat·i·on

 (kăt′ī′ən)
n.
An ion or group of ions having a positive charge and characteristically moving toward the negative electrode in electrolysis.

[Greek kation, something going down, from neuter present participle of katienai, to go down : kat-, kata-, cata- + ienai, to go; see ei- in Indo-European roots.]

cat′i·on′ic (kăt′ī-ŏn′ĭk) adj.

cation

(ˈkætaɪən)
n
(General Physics) a positively charged ion; an ion that is attracted to the cathode during electrolysis. Compare anion
[C19: from cata- + ion]
cationic adj

cat•i•on

(ˈkætˌaɪ ən, -ɒn)

n.
1. a positively charged ion that is attracted to the cathode in electrolysis.
2. any positively charged ion (opposed to anion).
[1825–35; < Greek katión, neuter of katiṓn, present participle of kateînai to go down =kat- cat- + eînai to go]
cat`i•on′ic (-ˈɒn ɪk) adj.

cat·i·on

(kăt′ī′ən)
An ion that has a positive charge. Hydrogen and ammonium ions are cations. Compare anion.

cation

An ion that carries a positive charge, which is attracted by the negatively charged electrode, the cathode, during electrolysis.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cation - a positively charged ion
hydrogen ion - a positively charged atom of hydrogen; that is to say, a normal hydrogen atomic nucleus
ion - a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative); an atom or molecule or group that has lost or gained one or more electrons
diazonium - the univalent cation R-N:N- (where R is an aromatic hydrocarbon); found in salts that are used in manufacturing azo dyes
Translations
kation

cation

[ˈkætaɪən] n (Chem) → catione m
References in classic literature ?
In this atmosphere of telephones and lightning communication with distant regions, I was breathing the breath of life again after long suffo- cation.
The guns in the rear, aroused and enraged by shells that had been thrown burlike at them, suddenly involved themselves in a hideous alter- cation with another band of guns.
Since the synthesized nanofiltration membranes have high cation entrapping percentage and the lowest possible amount of blockage at laboratorial stage, the researchers hope to use the membrane in the purification of water and wastewater of different industries, including textile, after carrying out complementary studies and mass production of the product.
It plays an important role in cation retention and in regulating the availability of nutrients.
is latest setback follows a catalogue of o- eld controversies this season surrounding suspended owner Massimo Cellino, whose disquali cation was recently extended until the end of the season.
The amount of adsorbed target cation was calculated as follows:
A recent adsorption study of the chromophore on a glass surface by evanescent wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy assumed localized bonding by coulombic attraction between the dye cation and negatively charged dissociated silanol sites on the glass.
The technology involved will include a nutshell filtering unit (NSK), followed by a primary strong acid cation unit and a polishing strong acid cation unit (SAC), and finally by a weak acid cation unit (WAC).
1 to 15 gIL, calculated as the sum of the corresponding metals; c) at least one cation selected from cation of metals of subgroups 1 to 3 and 5 to 8, including lanthanides, and of main group 2 of the periodic table of the elements, or at least one corresponding compound c), wherein the content of cations or corresponding compound c) ranges from 0.
Key statement: A process for providing interaction between particulate filler and a functionalized polymer involves a composition that includes at least three components: (1) a polymer that includes a functional group including an acidic cation of a primary or secondary amine functionality, (2) a material including a functionality capable of reacting with the acidic cation, and (3) particulate filler.