caudate nucleus


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Related to caudate nucleus: lentiform nucleus, putamen, internal capsule

caudate nucleus

n.
A basal ganglion located in the lateral ventricle of the brain that has a curved, taillike extension and functions in motor control.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.caudate nucleus - a tail-shaped basal ganglion located in a lateral ventricle of the brain
basal ganglion - any of several masses of subcortical grey matter at the base of each cerebral hemisphere that seem to be involved in the regulation of voluntary movement
corpus striatum, striate body, striatum - a striped mass of white and grey matter located in front of the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere; consists of the caudate nucleus and the lenticular nucleus
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
Grafts have been placed uni- or bilaterally in the putamen, with some patients also receiving transplants in the caudate nucleus.
The caudate nucleus produces the chemical messenger dopamine, which has not previously been associated with mathematical ability.
the amygdalo-hippocampal formation; ventral anterior thalamus); the insula (a structure that lies beneath the cerebral and temporal lobes); the cingulate gyrus; the prefrontal cortices; the caudate nucleus (part of the basal ganglia); and the cerebellum.
5-2cm in diameter was made to the right frontal horn of the lateral ventricle to gain access to the head of the caudate nucleus.
However, they do not know whether problems with the caudate nucleus or any other brain area cause OCD.
The caudate nucleus is the portion of the basal ganglia involved in cognitive functions.
Conversely, the alcoholics showed a smaller area of mCPP-induced activation in the thalamus compared with the healthy volunteers, almost no activation in the orbital cortices, and no activation in the head of the caudate nucleus and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.
Experiments with rats suggest that transplants of tissue from the adrenal medulla to the caudate nucleus in the brain may be able to block such damage.
In particular, said Sowell, a structure in the brain called the caudate nucleus, which is important for learning and memory, motor control, and punishment and reward, was one of the regions that was more reduced by methamphetamine than alcohol exposure.
HONOLULU -- Brian imaging and clinical assessments showed a relationship between caudate nucleus volume and affect dysregulation and impulsivity in a controlled pilot study of 15 youths.
Compared with controls, the Alzheimer brains showed a marked reduction of CRF concentrations in three regions: about 50 percent reduction in the frontal and temporal cortex, and 70 percent in the caudate nucleus.
The activations related to true statements involved the left inferior parietal cortex and the caudate nucleus bilaterally.