If the law of causality
is strong enough to justify imposing the naturally connected negative consequences of a person's bad behavior on him in cases where he has been lucky enough to avoid them, as in the case of a criminal who has successfully robbed a liquor store, then it must also be strong enough to justify imposing the naturally connected poverty on the loafer who has been lucky enough to avoid it.
LAHORE -- Anti-literacy militants blew up a government run girls school with explosives here on Sunday but no causality
was reported, officials said.
We rely on our visual system more heavily than previously thought in determining the causality
There has been no causality
," said V S Yadav, an employee.
test in the error correction model indicates that there exists a unidirectional causal relationship which runs from real private consumption expenditure to economic growth in the long-run.
Second, as research methodology, we use spectrum analysis tools such as causality
in frequency domain and spectral variance decompositions.
In an interview with Global Post, Westling admitted that he embarked on the project as "a half-serious attempt" but was surprised at how "robust" the data was, although he added that the findings do not "that I believe in causality
at this point.
Some do investigate the nonstationarity properties but then imply the Granger Causality
Tests using simple VAR or VECM or Johansen-Juselius cointegration procedures.
If lagged changes in some macro economic variables cause variations in stock prices and past fluctuations in stock prices cause variations in the economic variable, then bi-directional causality
is implied between the two series.
Most health services researchers--and certainly any who have worked in multidisciplinary teams--also know that even having conversations with research colleagues about causality
can be trying, and that different disciplines have different perspectives on these questions.
Chapter five consists of a short survey of causality
and occasionalism in falsafa and kalam respectively, thus selling the stage for al-Ghazali's own elaborations on the subject.
It is with this backdrop this paper is an attempt to examine the dynamics of the causality
between FII flows and stock market returns in Indian capital market.