cavitation


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Related to cavitation: cavitation erosion

cav·i·ta·tion

 (kăv′ĭ-tā′shən)
n.
1. The sudden formation and collapse of low-pressure bubbles in liquids by means of mechanical forces, such as those resulting from rotation of a marine propeller.
2. The pitting of a solid surface.
3. Medicine The formation of cavities in a body tissue or an organ, especially those formed in the lung as a result of tuberculosis.

[From cavity.]

cav′i·tate′ v.

cavitation

(ˌkævɪˈteɪʃən)
n
1. (General Physics) the formation of vapour- or gas-filled cavities in a flowing liquid when tensile stress is superimposed on the ambient pressure
2. the formation of cavities in a structure

cav•i•ta•tion

(ˌkæv ɪˈteɪ ʃən)

n.
1. the rapid formation and collapse of vapor pockets in a flowing liquid in regions of very low pressure, often causing structural damage to propellers, pumps, etc.
2. the formation of cavities, esp in a part of the body.
[1890–95; cavit (y) + -ation]
cav′i•tate`, v.t., v.i. -tat•ed, -tat•ing.

cav·i·ta·tion

(kăv′ĭ-tā′shən)
The sudden formation and bursting of bubbles in a liquid caused by mechanical forces, such as the moving blades of a ship's propeller.
Translations
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Now researchers from Carlos III University in Madrid, Spain and Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Institut Jean le Rond d'Alembert, France, have produced new insight into the science behind foaming beer bottles by exploring the phenomenon of cavitation.
Cavitation is the phenomenon of gas cavities formation inside a liquid medium in low pressure regions, where pressure drops below certain threshold value.
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Application of hydrodynamic cavitation in environmental engineering.
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Cavitation is an important factor in many areas of science and engineering, including acoustics, chemistry and hydraulics.