cavity


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Related to cavity: body cavity, root canal, Dental cavity

cav·i·ty

 (kăv′ĭ-tē)
n. pl. cav·i·ties
1. A hollow; a hole.
2. A hollow area within the body: a sinus cavity.
3. A pitted area in a tooth caused by caries.

[French cavité, from Late Latin cavitās, from Latin cavus, hollow; see keuə- in Indo-European roots.]

cavity

(ˈkævɪtɪ)
n, pl -ties
1. a hollow space; hole
2. (Dentistry) dentistry a soft decayed area on a tooth. See caries
3. (Anatomy) any empty or hollow space within the body: the oral cavity.
4. (Electronics) electronics See cavity resonator
[C16: from French cavité, from Late Latin cavitās, from Latin cavus hollow]

cav•i•ty

(ˈkæv ɪ ti)

n., pl. -ties.
1. any hollow place; hollow.
2. a hollow space within the body, an organ, a bone, etc.
3. a hollow space or a pit in a tooth, commonly produced by decay.
[1535–45; < Middle French cavite < Late Latin cavitās hollowness < Latin cav(us) hollow]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cavity - a sizeable hole (usually in the ground)cavity - a sizeable hole (usually in the ground); "they dug a pit to bury the body"
trou-de-loup - a sloping pit with a stake in the middle used as an obstacle to the enemy
barbecue pit - a pit where wood or charcoal is burned to make a bed of hot coals suitable for barbecuing meat
borrow pit - a pit created to provide earth that can be used as fill at another site
divot - (golf) the cavity left when a piece of turf is cut from the ground by the club head in making a stroke; "it was a good drive but the ball ended up in a divot"
fire pit - a pit whose floor is incandescent lava; "the fire pit of the crater"
hollow, hole - a depression hollowed out of solid matter
quicksand - a pit filled with loose wet sand into which objects are sucked down
sandpit - a large pit in sandy ground from which sand is dug
sawpit - a pit over which lumber is positioned to be sawed by two men with a long two-handed saw
tar pit - a natural accumulation of bitumens at the surface of the earth; often acts as a trap for animals whose bones are thus preserved
2.cavity - space that is surrounded by something
space - an empty area (usually bounded in some way between things); "the architect left space in front of the building"; "they stopped at an open space in the jungle"; "the space between his teeth"
hollow - a cavity or space in something; "hunger had caused the hollows in their cheeks"
sac, sack, pocket, pouch - an enclosed space; "the trapped miners found a pocket of air"
3.cavity - soft decayed area in a toothcavity - soft decayed area in a tooth; progressive decay can lead to the death of a tooth
decay - the process of gradually becoming inferior
4.cavity - (anatomy) a natural hollow or sinus within the body
blastocele, blastocoel, blastocoele, cleavage cavity, segmentation cavity - the fluid-filled cavity inside a blastula
archenteron - central cavity of the gastrula; becomes the intestinal or digestive cavity
body, organic structure, physical structure - the entire structure of an organism (an animal, plant, or human being); "he felt as if his whole body were on fire"
anatomical structure, bodily structure, body structure, complex body part, structure - a particular complex anatomical part of a living thing; "he has good bone structure"
sinus - any of various air-filled cavities especially in the bones of the skull
locule, loculus - a small cavity or space within an organ or in a plant or animal
lumen - a cavity or passage in a tubular organ; "the lumen of the intestine"
socket - a bony hollow into which a structure fits
pulp cavity - the central cavity of a tooth containing the pulp (including the root canal)
cranial orbit, eye socket, orbital cavity, orbit - the bony cavity in the skull containing the eyeball
buccal cavity - the cavity between the jaws and the cheeks
antrum - a natural cavity or hollow in a bone
cloaca - (zoology) the cavity (in birds, reptiles, amphibians, most fish, and monotremes but not mammals) at the end of the digestive tract into which the intestinal, genital, and urinary tracts open
vestibule - any of various bodily cavities leading to another cavity (as of the ear or vagina)
mediastinum - the part of the thoracic cavity between the lungs that contains the heart and aorta and esophagus and trachea and thymus
middle ear, tympanic cavity, tympanum - the main cavity of the ear; between the eardrum and the inner ear
pleural cavity - the cavity in the thorax that contains the lungs and heart
chamber - an enclosed volume in the body; "the chambers of his heart were healthy"
cranial cavity, intracranial cavity - the cavity enclosed by the cranium
amniotic cavity - the fluid-filled cavity that surrounds the developing embryo
greater peritoneal sac, peritoneal cavity - the interior of the peritoneum; a potential space between layers of the peritoneum
bursa omentalis, lesser peritoneal cavity, omental bursa - an isolated part of the peritoneal cavity that is dorsal to the stomach
pericardial cavity, pericardial space - the space between the layers of the pericardium that contains fluid that lubricates the membrane surfaces and allows easy heart movement
vacuole - a tiny cavity filled with fluid in the cytoplasm of a cell
ventricle - one of four connected cavities in the brain; is continuous with the central canal of the spinal cord and contains cerebrospinal fluid
sac - a structure resembling a bag in an animal
uterine cavity - the space inside the uterus between the cervical canal and the Fallopian tubes
nasal cavity - either of the two cavities lying between the floor of the cranium and the roof of the mouth and extending from the face to the pharynx
nasopharynx - cavity forming the upper part of the pharynx
oropharynx - cavity formed by the pharynx at the back of the mouth
laryngopharynx - the lower part of the pharynx
blind gut, caecum, cecum - the cavity in which the large intestine begins and into which the ileum opens; "the appendix is an offshoot of the cecum"
tubular cavity - a cavity having the shape of a tube
armpit, axilla, axillary cavity, axillary fossa - the hollow under the arm where it is joined to the shoulder; "they were up to their armpits in water"
chest cavity, thoracic cavity - the cavity in the vertebrate body enclosed by the ribs between the diaphragm and the neck and containing the lungs and heart
abdominal cavity, abdomen - the cavity containing the major viscera; in mammals it is separated from the thorax by the diaphragm
renal pelvis, pelvis - a structure shaped like a funnel in the outlet of the kidney into which urine is discharged before passing into the ureter
pelvic cavity - the space bounded by the bones of the pelvis and containing the pelvic viscera
celom, celoma, coelom - a cavity in the mesoderm of an embryo that gives rise in humans to the pleural cavity and pericardial cavity and peritoneal cavity
anatomy, general anatomy - the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals
fossa, pit - a concavity in a surface (especially an anatomical depression)

cavity

noun hollow, hole, gap, pit, dent, crater The sinuses are four sets of air-filled cavities leading directly from the nose.

cavity

noun
A space in an otherwise solid mass:
Translations
فَجْوَه، تَجْويف
dutina
hul
hola
skylė
caurumsdobums

cavity

[ˈkævɪtɪ]
A. Ncavidad f; (in tooth) → caries f inv
nasal cavitiesfosas fpl nasales
B. CPD cavity wall Npared f con cámara de aire, doble pared f
cavity wall insulation Naislamiento m con cámara de aire

cavity

[ˈkævɪti] n
(= hole, gap) → cavité f
(in tooth)carie fcavity wall n (mainly British)mur m creuxcavity wall insulation nisolation f des murs creux

cavity

nHohlraum m, → Höhlung f; (in tooth) → Loch nt; nasal/chest cavity (Anat) → Nasen-/Brusthöhle f

cavity

[ˈkævɪtɪ] ncavità

cavity

(ˈkӕvəti) plural ˈcavities noun
a hollow place; a hole. The dentist said she had three cavities in her teeth; The thief hid the necklace in a cavity in the wall.

cav·i·ty

n. cavidad, lugar hueco;
abdominal ______ abdominal;
cranial ______ craneal;
pelvic ______ pelviana;
thoracic ______ torácica.

cavity

n (pl -ties) cavidad f; (dent) hueco producido por caries; You have a cavity..Tiene un diente con caries..Tiene una carie (fam)..Tiene un diente picado (fam)…You have cavities..Tiene caries; [Note: caries is a mass noun like the English word decay, therefore una carie is grammatically incorrect though commonly used.]
References in classic literature ?
When they were in the low cavity that surrounded the earthen fort on three sides, they found that passage nearly choked by the ruins.
At the high end the skull forms a crater to bed that part of the mass; while under the long floor of this crater -- in another cavity seldom exceeding ten inches in length and as many in depth --reposes the mere handful of this monster's brain.
He said, "they saw my stick and handkerchief thrust out of the hole, and concluded that some unhappy man must be shut up in the cavity.
Other months, too, were spent in finding out the proper size and shape for the air cavity in front of the disc.
the hollow vein (vena cava), which is the principal receptacle of the blood, and the trunk of the tree, as it were, of which all the other veins in the body are branches; and the arterial vein (vena arteriosa), inappropriately so denominated, since it is in truth only an artery, which, taking its rise in the heart, is divided, after passing out from it, into many branches which presently disperse themselves all over the lungs; in the second place, the cavity in the left side, with which correspond in the same manner two canals in size equal to or larger than the preceding, viz.
This boat is attached to the upper part of the hull of the Nautilus, and occupies a cavity made for it.
For a moment that circular cavity seemed perfectly black.
At the end of an hour the stone was extricated from the wall, leaving a cavity a foot and a half in diameter.
Moreover, his axe broke quite through the plaster and laths, and discovered a cavity.
Theseus looked, and saw that the rock had been placed over another slab of stone, containing a cavity within it; so that it somewhat resembled a roughly-made chest or coffer, of which the upper mass had served as the lid.
Conscious of the state of things in that quarter, I gathered, from the condition in which I saw my employer, that his lady-love had betrayed the alienation of her affections--inclinations, rather, I would say; affection is a word at once too warm and too pure for the subject--had let him see that the cavity of her hollow heart, emptied of his image, was now occupied by that of his usher.
Together we stood towards the close of this weary day in the cavity of the third gorge we had entered, wholly incapacitated for any further exertion, until restored to some degree of strength by food and repose.