The closure of the longitudinal anastomosis between the third and the fourth root, and the coalescence of roots 1 to 3, form the celiac trunk
and the superior mesenteric artery (Tandler).
Unusual variation in the branching pattern of the celiac trunk
and its embryological and clinical perspective.
A total of 314 aneurysms arose from the initial segment of splenic artery and in normal celiac trunk
, 4 from abdominal aorta, 3 from the superior mesenteric artery, and 6 with abnormal combination of hepatic artery, splenic artery, and mesenteric artery.
This can lead to dynamic compression of the celiac trunk
resulting in postprandial abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and weight loss.
A contrast-enhanced CT scan revealed an intimal flap in the celiac trunk
and a mural thrombus (Figure 1A) extending to the splenic artery and proximal hepatic artery (Figure IB) and causing moderate to severe narrowing of the celiac artery (demonstrated by CT angiography) (Figure 2) as well as a thrombosed false lumen, increased attenuation of the surrounding fat, and a segmental splenic infarction (Figure 1).
There was no stenosis of celiac trunk
or SMA emerging (Figure 4).
In classic anatomy, the celiac trunk
originates anteriorly from the abdominal aorta at T12 level, just as the aorta enters the abdomen.
Arterial diameter of the celiac trunk
and its branches.
The celiac trunk
, superior mesenteric artery (SMA), and two right renal arteries were perfused from the true lumen, albeit through small channels of thrombus.
This edition has reworked chapters on the heart and lungs and contains 20 new dissections, such as for the ligaments of the vertebral column and the costovertebral joints, the arteries of the celiac trunk
, the branches of the abdominal aorta, the iliac vessels, the female recto-uterine pouch, and the male perineal neurovascular structures.
Results: Common hepatic artery was present and originated from celiac trunk
in all 70 (100%) specimens.
Liver was removed after dividing supra and common infra hepatic IVC, portal vein and celiac trunk