cell body


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Related to cell body: axon, Dendrites

cell body

n.
The portion of a nerve cell that contains the nucleus but does not incorporate the dendrites or axon. Also called soma1.

cell′ bod′y


n.
the compact area of a nerve cell that constitutes the nucleus and surrounding cytoplasm, excluding the axons and dendrites.
Also called perikaryon.
[1875–80]
References in periodicals archive ?
Dendrites carry the message toward the neuron's cell body.
What the Terms Mean Term Meaning Phytochemical Compound found in plants thought to decrease the risk of cancer and heart disease Antioxidant A chemical that fights against the destructive oxidizing effects of 'free radicals' such as sunlight, pollution, oxidation of body cells, etc Polyphenols Antioxidant phytochemicals found in plants Catechins Antioxidant flavonoids found in tea and some fruits EGCG Epigallocatechin gallate--the most potent of the four catechins found in tea (also called tea flavonoids) Gallotannic acid A colorless crystalline organic acid found in tea leaves, and many other plants Antigen An antigen is any substance that causes our immune system to produce antibodies T cell Body cells that fight infection and help maintain our immunity
Propidium iodide staining of whole mount preparations provided adequate contrast to image the large cell bodies, was the most rapid imaging technique, and had the advantage of leaving long intact lengths of leg, which made noting in which segment each cell body was found an easy task.
The cell body is the metabolic centre and contains all of the 'working machinery' of the cell.
The active ingredient in OK-432 is the treated cell body of Streptococcus pyogenes (SU strain, group A).
Axon: A large fiber extending from the cell body of a neuron that conducts nerve signals to other neurons.
Additionally, MAO is present at the level of the terminal and the cell body of serotonin and norepinephrine neurons, so that MAO inhibition alters the synaptic availability of these neurotransmitters, further activates the autoreceptors, and attenuates the rate of firing activity.
1] Indirect receptors are referred to as metabotropic because they affect metabolic processes in the cell body beyond the synapse and take longer to have an effect, from whole seconds to perhaps hours.
Trapped inside the cell body, or cytoplasm, they are destroyed by chemicals.
A nerve, also called a neuron (or neurone) has two parts: the cell body and the axon, a long "wire" that the cell body sends out to communicate the cell body's message to other parts of the body.