cell nucleus

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Noun1.cell nucleus - a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproductioncell nucleus - a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
pronucleus - the nucleus of the ovum or sperm after fertilization but before they fuse to form the nucleus of the zygote
karyoplasm, nucleoplasm - the protoplasm that constitutes the nucleus of a cell
nucleole, nucleolus - a small round body of protein in a cell nucleus; such organelles contain RNA and are involved in protein synthesis
chromatin, chromatin granule - the readily stainable substance of a cell nucleus consisting of DNA and RNA and various proteins; during mitotic division it condenses into chromosomes
achromatin - the part of a cell nucleus that is relatively uncolored by stains or dyes
linin - an obsolete term for the network of viscous material in the cell nucleus on which the chromatin granules were thought to be suspended
chromosome - a threadlike strand of DNA in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order; "humans have 22 chromosome pairs plus two sex chromosomes"
cell organ, cell organelle, organelle - a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ; "the first organelle to be identified was the nucleus"
subthalamic nucleus - an oval mass of grey matter located in the caudal part of the subthalamus; associated with the striate body
References in periodicals archive ?
The study, which also included Fang-Yi Chu, an NYU doctoral candidate, and Shannon Haley, an NYU undergraduate, sought to expand our understanding of the cell nucleus during the cell cycle.
Mitosis is a part of the cell cycle process by which chromosomes in a cell nucleus are separated into two identical sets of chromosomes, each in its own nucleus.
March 5, 2015 -- Mammals have two copies of each gene, and each copy, or "allele", was thought to remain physically apart from the other in the cell nucleus.
The new patent application is based on the ability of HDAC6 inhibitors to influence mechanisms both inside and outside of the cell nucleus.
It functions by binding with the nuclear export protein XPO1 (CRM1), leading to the accumulation of tumor suppressor proteins in the cell nucleus, which subsequently reinitiates and amplifies their tumor suppressor function.
When "Grasp" is not being adequately expressed, the p53 protein that has entered the cell nucleus to either repair or destroy the cell comes back out of the nucleus before its work is finished.
Contributors from a wide range of biological sciences and medical specialties review recent developments in the knowledge and understanding of structures and functions of the cell nucleus in plants, including that of the nuclear envelope.
In EMN method, electric field exposure induced an increase in electrophoretic mobility of cell nuclei (EMN index), decreased numbers of heterochromatin granules near the inner membrane of cell nucleus, and induced cell membrane damage; but cell viability was conserved.
He replaced the immature cell nucleus in an egg cell of a frog with the nucleus from a mature intestinal cell.
Mitochondria DNA is separate from that of the cell nucleus and contains far fewer genes.
Xanthohumol prevented the receptor from translocating to the cell nucleus, thus inhibiting its potential to stimulate the secretion of PSA and other hormone-dependent effects," Gerhauser said.
Researchers have identified several genes whose spatial position inside the cell nucleus is altered in invasive breast cancer when compared to normal breast tissue.