cell organelle


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Related to cell organelle: mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cell organelle - a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ; "the first organelle to be identified was the nucleus"
cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
cilium - a hairlike projection from the surface of a cell; provides locomotion in free-swimming unicellular organisms
organ - a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function
lysosome - an organelle found in the cytoplasm of most cells (especially in leukocytes and liver and kidney cells)
cell nucleus, karyon, nucleus - a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
nucleole, nucleolus - a small round body of protein in a cell nucleus; such organelles contain RNA and are involved in protein synthesis
chondriosome, mitochondrion - an organelle containing enzymes responsible for producing energy
centriole - one of a pair of small cylindrical cell organelles near the nucleus in animal cells; composed of nine triplet microtubules and form the asters during mitosis
ribosome - an organelle in the cytoplasm of a living cell; they attach to mRNA and move down it one codon at a time and then stop until tRNA brings the required amino acid; when it reaches a stop codon it falls apart and releases the completed protein molecule for use by the cell; "the ribosome is the site of protein synthesis"
References in periodicals archive ?
These results suggest that AX protects the cell organelle mitochondria and nucleus of the nematode, resulting in a life span extension via an Ins/IGF-1 signaling pathway during normal aging, at least in part.
This then merges with a lysosome, a cell organelle containing many different enzymes that are specialized in breaking down biomolecules.
Peroxisomes: A cytoplasmic cell organelle containing enzymes that act in the production and decomposition of hydrogen peroxide.
The team discovered FAM134B protein receptors in the endoplasmic reticulum, which is a primary cell organelle responsible for quality control of synthesized proteins, correct lipid and protein synthesis, and ion homeostasis.
Depending on the various types, market is segmented into Baker'S Yeast, Brewer'S Yeast, Bio-Ethanol Yeast, Yeast Cell Organelles and Wine Yeast.