cellulose nitrate


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Related to cellulose nitrate: cellulose acetate

cellulose nitrate

cellulose nitrate

n
(Elements & Compounds) a compound made by treating cellulose with nitric and sulphuric acids, used in plastics, lacquers, and explosives: a nitrogen-containing ester of cellulose. Also called (not in chemical usage): nitrocellulose See also guncotton

ni•tro•cel•lu•lose

(ˌnaɪ trəˈsɛl yəˌloʊs)

n.
any of a group of nitric esters of cellulose, used in the manufacture of lacquers and explosives.
[1880–85]
ni`tro•cel`lu•lo′sic, ni`tro•cel′lu•lous, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cellulose nitrate - a nitric acid ester; used in lacquers and explosives
blasting gelatin - mixture of guncotton with nitroglycerin
cordite - explosive powder (nitroglycerin and guncotton and petrolatum) dissolved in acetone and dried and extruded in brown cords
cellulose ester - any ester of cellulose with an acid
pyrocellulose - nitrocellulose containing less nitrogen than guncotton; used in making smokeless powder
pyroxylin, pyroxyline - highly flammable nitrocellulose used in making collodion and plastics and lacquers
celluloid - highly flammable substance made from cellulose nitrate and camphor; used in e.g. motion-picture and X-ray film; its use has decreased with the development of nonflammable thermoplastics
nitrate - any compound containing the nitrate group (such as a salt or ester of nitric acid)
References in periodicals archive ?
Cellulose acetate, which replaced cellulose nitrate in the late 1940s, was touted as both safer (which was certainly true) and more permanent, which it also was--for a while.
The process of tintype begins by pouring collodion (a flammable, syrupy solution of cellulose nitrate in ether and alcohol) onto a metal plate or sheet of glass, where it firms slightly and is then put it into a dark box filled with silver nitrate to sensitize the plate.
Eastman Kodak manufactured cellulose nitrate film at Rochester, NY by dissolving silver bars in nitric acid, drawing clean water from Lake Ontario and pumping the dirty stuff into the Genesee River.
The earliest materials that most people would call plastic were the semi-synthetic plastics such as cellulose nitrate, better known as celluloid.
For tap and recreational water, a sample of 2 L was processed through a cellulose nitrate filter, as described (5).