cellulose nitrate


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to cellulose nitrate: cellulose acetate

cellulose nitrate

cellulose nitrate

n
(Elements & Compounds) a compound made by treating cellulose with nitric and sulphuric acids, used in plastics, lacquers, and explosives: a nitrogen-containing ester of cellulose. Also called (not in chemical usage): nitrocellulose See also guncotton

ni•tro•cel•lu•lose

(ˌnaɪ trəˈsɛl yəˌloʊs)

n.
any of a group of nitric esters of cellulose, used in the manufacture of lacquers and explosives.
[1880–85]
ni`tro•cel`lu•lo′sic, ni`tro•cel′lu•lous, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cellulose nitrate - a nitric acid ester; used in lacquers and explosives
blasting gelatin - mixture of guncotton with nitroglycerin
cordite - explosive powder (nitroglycerin and guncotton and petrolatum) dissolved in acetone and dried and extruded in brown cords
cellulose ester - any ester of cellulose with an acid
pyrocellulose - nitrocellulose containing less nitrogen than guncotton; used in making smokeless powder
pyroxylin, pyroxyline - highly flammable nitrocellulose used in making collodion and plastics and lacquers
celluloid - highly flammable substance made from cellulose nitrate and camphor; used in e.g. motion-picture and X-ray film; its use has decreased with the development of nonflammable thermoplastics
nitrate - any compound containing the nitrate group (such as a salt or ester of nitric acid)
References in periodicals archive ?
Cellulose nitrate was first discovered in the 1840s and was developed under various names such as parkesine, xylonite and ivoride, as well as celluloid.
For tap and recreational water, a sample of 2 L was processed through a cellulose nitrate filter, as described (5).
Originally, glass plates were used as a substrate, but during WWI were replaced first with cellulose nitrate and later with a cellulose triacetate base.