centaur


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cen·taur

 (sĕn′tôr′)
n.
1. Greek Mythology One of a race of monsters having the head, arms, and trunk of a man and the body and legs of a horse.
2. Astronomy Any of a group of icy asteroids that orbit the sun primarily in the region between Jupiter and Neptune, whose orbits they cross. Some centaurs appear to be more like comets than asteroids.

[Middle English, from Latin Centaurus, from Greek Kentauros. Sense 2, from the official convention of naming such objects after the centaurs of Greek mythology, a practice derived from the fact that the first such object to be observed was named after Chiron.]

centaur

(ˈsɛntɔː)
n
(Classical Myth & Legend) Greek myth one of a race of creatures with the head, arms, and torso of a man, and the lower body and legs of a horse. Also called: hippocentaur
[C14: from Latin, from Greek kentauros, of unknown origin]

cen•taur

(ˈsɛn tɔr)

n.
1. any of a race of creatures in Greek myth having the head, upper torso, and arms of a man, and the body and legs of a horse.
2. (cap.) Centaurus.
[1325–75; < Latin centaurus < Greek kéntauros]
cen•tau′ri•al, cen•tau′ri•an, cen•tau′ric, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.centaur - (classical mythology) a mythical being that is half man and half horsecentaur - (classical mythology) a mythical being that is half man and half horse
classical mythology - the system of mythology of the Greeks and Romans together; much of Roman mythology (especially the gods) was borrowed from the Greeks
mythical creature, mythical monster - a monster renowned in folklore and myth
Chiron - (Greek mythology) the learned centaur who tutored Achilles, Asclepius, Hercules, Jason, and other heroes
2.Centaur - a conspicuous constellation in the southern hemisphere near the Southern Cross
Alpha Centauri, Rigil, Rigil Kent - brightest star in Centaurus; second nearest star to the sun
Beta Centauri - the second brightest star in Centaurus
Omega Centauri - a global cluster in the constellation Centaurus
Proxima, Proxima Centauri - the nearest star to the sun; distance: 4.3 light years
Translations
kentauri
kentaur
ケンタウルスケンタウルス族ケンタウロス名ジョッキー名騎手
centaurus
kentaur
centaurus
Kentaver

centaur

[ˈsentɔːʳ] Ncentauro m

centaur

[ˈsɛntɔːr] ncentaure m

centaur

nZentaur m

centaur

[ˈsɛntɔːʳ] ncentauro
References in classic literature ?
That little goose means a centaur, and she called him a Cyclops," exclaimed Jo, with a burst of laughter.
The leader of the gypsies, a splendid looking fellow who sat his horse like a centaur, waved them back, and in a fierce voice gave to his companions some word to proceed.
On the same principle, even if a writer in his poetic imitation were to combine all metres, as Chaeremon did in his Centaur, which is a medley composed of metres of all kinds, we should bring him too under the general term poet.
He cast his eyes around him and saw a man carrying off Teresa, as Nessus, the centaur, carried Dejanira.
It was wine that inflamed the Centaur Eurytion when he was staying with Peirithous among the Lapithae.
This has been figuratively taught to princes by ancient writers, who describe how Achilles and many other princes of old were given to the Centaur Chiron to nurse, who brought them up in his discipline; which means solely that, as they had for a teacher one who was half beast and half man, so it is necessary for a prince to know how to make use of both natures, and that one without the other is not durable.
And so, when his scholars had grown up, and grown old, and were trotting their grandchildren on their knees, they told them about the sports of their school days; and these young folks took the idea that their grandfathers had been taught their letters by a Centaur, half man and half horse.
I was obliged to dismount at Tours; since that, rolling along in a carriage, half dead, sometimes overturned, drawn upon the sides, and sometimes on the back of the carriage, always with four spirited horses at full gallop, I have arrived -- arrived, gaining four hours upon Porthos; but, see you, D'Artagnan does not weigh three hundred-weight, as Porthos does; D'Artagnan has not the gout and gravel, as I have; he is not a horseman, he is a centaur.
Meanwhile, the tower trembled; he shrieked and gnashed his teeth, his red hair rose erect, his breast heaving like a bellows, his eye flashed flames, the monstrous bell neighed, panting, beneath him; and then it was no longer the great bell of Notre- Dame nor Quasimodo: it was a dream, a whirlwind, a tempest, dizziness mounted astride of noise; a spirit clinging to a flying crupper, a strange centaur, half man, half bell; a sort of horrible Astolphus, borne away upon a prodigious hippogriff of living bronze.
And from that moment, D'Artagnan, accommodating his action to the pace of the horse, like a true centaur, gave up his thoughts to nothing - that is to say, to everything.
The fantastic and frightful apparition, man and machinery blended in one--the new Centaur, half man, half chair--flew by me again in the dying light.
The "Precepts of Chiron" was a didactic poem made up of moral and practical precepts, resembling the gnomic sections of the "Works and Days", addressed by the Centaur Chiron to his pupil Achilles.