centrifugal


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to centrifugal: Centrifugal clutch, Centrifugal casting, centrifugal extractor, centrifugal separation

cen·trif·u·gal

 (sĕn-trĭf′yə-gəl, -trĭf′ə-)
adj.
1. Moving or directed away from a center or axis.
2. Operated by means of centrifugal force.
3. Physiology Transmitting nerve impulses away from the central nervous system; efferent.
4. Botany Developing or progressing outward from a center or axis, as in a flower cluster in which the oldest flowers are in the center and the youngest flowers are near the edge.
5. Tending or directed away from centralization, as of authority: "In a feverish explosion of centrifugal nationalism, one after another of the empire's ethnic groups proclaimed independence" (Adam Hochschild).

[From New Latin centrifugus : Latin centrum, center; see center + Latin fugere, to flee.]

cen·trif′u·gal·ism n.
cen·trif′u·gal·ly adv.

centrifugal

(sɛnˈtrɪfjʊɡəl; ˈsɛntrɪˌfjuːɡəl)
adj
1. (General Physics) acting, moving, or tending to move away from a centre. Compare centripetal
2. (General Physics) of, concerned with, or operated by centrifugal force: centrifugal pump.
3. (Botany) botany (esp of certain inflorescences) developing outwards from a centre
4. (Physiology) physiol another word for efferent
n
5. (Mechanical Engineering) any device that uses centrifugal force for its action
6. (Mechanical Engineering) the rotating perforated drum in a centrifuge
[C18: from New Latin centrifugus, from centri- + Latin fugere to flee]
cenˈtrifugally adv

cen•trif•u•gal

(sɛnˈtrɪf yə gəl, -ə gəl)

adj.
1. directed outward from the center (opposed to centripetal).
2. pertaining to or operated by centrifugal force: a centrifugal pump.
3. Physiol. efferent.
n.
[1715–25; < New Latin centrifug(us) center-fleeing (centri- centri- + Latin -fugus, derivative of fugere to flee) + -al1]
cen•trif′u•gal•ly, adv.

centrifugal

, centripetal - Centrifugal force pulls away or pushes outward; centripetal draws toward or pulls inward.
See also related terms for pushing.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.centrifugal - tending to move away from a center; "centrifugal force"
centripetal - tending to move toward a center; "centripetal force"
2.centrifugal - tending away from centralization, as of authority; "the division of Europe into warring blocs produces ever-increasing centrifugal stress"
decentralising, decentralizing - tending away from a central point
3.centrifugal - conveying information to the muscles from the CNS; "motor nerves"
efferent, motorial - of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying information away from the CNS; "efferent nerves and impulses"
Translations
نابِذٌ، طارِدٌ عَنِ المَرْكِز
odstředivý
centrifugal
centrifugális
miîflótta-
išcentrinis
centrbēdzes-
odstredivý
merkezkaçsantrifüj

centrifugal

[senˈtrɪfjʊgəl] ADJcentrífugo

centrifugal

[ˈsɛntrɪfjuːgəl sɛnˈtrɪfjʊgəl] adjcentrifuge centrifugal forcecentrifugal force nforce f centrifuge

centrifugal

adjzentrifugal; centrifugal forceZentrifugal- or Fliehkraft f

centrifugal

[sɛnˈtrɪfjʊgl] adj (Phys) → centrifugo/a

centrifugal

(senˈtrifjugəl) adjective
tending to move away from a centre. centrifugal force.

cen·trif·u·gal

a. centrífugo-a, rel. al movimiento de repulsión, del centro hacia afuera.
References in classic literature ?
At that distance they accordingly stood, fixed there by the centrifugal force of the repugnance which the mystic symbol inspired.
Immediately a girl in a holland dress shot down through space; whirled round the curve with a fearless centrifugal toss of her ankle; and vanished into the darkness beneath.
What I think of on this point is, when self is the fixed point the centripetal force is balanced with the centrifugal.
These are auxiliaries to the centrifugal tendency of a man, to his passage out into free space, and they help him to escape the custody of that body in which he is pent up, and of that jail-yard of individual relations in which he is enclosed.
Centrifugal force hurled the particles of the nebulous center toward the crust as rapidly as they approached a solid state.
This was done by dumping them into a spinning receptacle that went at a rate of a few thousand revolutions a minute, tearing the matter from the clothes by centrifugal force.
And I, the long time intimate of John Barleycorn, knew just what he promised me--maggots of fancy, dreams of power, forgetfulness, anything and everything save whirling washers, revolving mangles, humming centrifugal wringers, and fancy starch and interminable processions of duck trousers moving in steam under my flying iron.
This motion, faithful to the laws of mechanics, would have been accelerated with the diminution of its volume; and a moment would have arrived when the centrifugal force would have overpowered the centripetal, which causes the molecules all to tend toward the center.
Under the centripetal force, the base of the projectile tended toward the moon; but the centrifugal still prevailed; and it was probable that its rectilineal course would be changed to a curve of some sort, the nature of which they could not at present determine.
I think there can be little doubt, first that the external crust cooled rapidly in the state in which we now see it; secondly, that the still fluid lava within, was packed by the centrifugal force, generated by
the revolving of the bomb, against the external cooled crust, and so produced the solid shell of stone; and lastly, that the centrifugal force, by relieving the pressure in the more central parts of the bomb, allowed the heated vapours to expand their cells, thus forming the coarse cellular mass of the centre.
As the air I breathe is drawn from the great repositories of nature, as the light on my book is yielded by a star a hundred millions of miles distant, as the poise of my body depends on the equilibrium of centrifugal and centripetal forces, so the hours should be instructed by the ages and the ages explained by the hours.