cephalad


Also found in: Medical.
Related to cephalad: dorsoventrally, anteroposterior

ceph·a·lad

 (sĕf′ə-lăd′)
adv. Biology
Toward the head or anterior section.

cephalad

(ˈsɛfəˌlæd)
adv
(Anatomy) anatomy towards the head or anterior part. Compare caudad
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References in periodicals archive ?
Cephalad spread of local anesthetic in the cerebrospinal fluid and compression of the aorta/vena cava by the gravid uterus usually contribute to hypotension, and are influenced by the participants' position during and just after the administration of spinal anesthesia.
Preoperative TTE screening was performed in nine cases on the day of surgery, which yielded three cancellations of surgery due to the new findings including unilateral massive pleural effusion, severely depressed left ventricular (LV) contractility (ejection fraction <20%), or cancer embolus in inferior vena cava (IVC) cephalad migrating to second portal of liver.
With the probe placed inferior to the clavicle, indicator directed cephalad, the subclavian vein and artery can be distinguished from one another just inferior to the distal half of the clavicle bone.
For instance, several studies have evaluated the accuracy of static palpation, which generally uses the palpated iliac crests to identify the L4-5 interspace; these studies have consistently reported errors such that the identified spinal level is almost always cephalad to the intended spinal level (7, 13-18).
The more cephalad renal vein was identified and it also had thombus infiltrating into the IVC.
A non-contrast head CT was subsequently performed and demonstrated an area of extra-axial hyperdensity marginating the clivus and extending from the most inferiorly visualized aspect of the anterior foramen magnum cephalad towards the left and right cerebel-lopontine angle cisterns (Figures 1,2).
The lobe could then be grasped with Babcock retractors and retracted in a cephalad direction off the trachea, which facilitated mobilization of the substernal portion through the thoracic inlet and into the neck.
On postoperative day 40 anteroposterior and lateral X-rays were obtained demonstrating cephalad migration of the lesser trochanter (Figure 3).
g) The right IVC continues cephalad as the azygos vein (arrow) within the retrocrural space.
In the supine position, the height of the inferior abdominal incision was marked six centimeters cephalad to the base of the penis.
Repetitive extension exercises impart the highest load forced due to impingement of the pars interarticularis from the inferior facet of the cephalad vertebrae, resulting in microfracture and attempts at repair.
The trocars must then be placed more lateral and cephalad than in thinner women.