cerebellum


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cer·e·bel·lum

 (sĕr′ə-bĕl′əm)
n. pl. cer·e·bel·lums or cer·e·bel·la (-bĕl′ə)
The trilobed structure of the brain, lying posterior to the pons and medulla oblongata and inferior to the occipital lobes of the cerebral hemispheres, that is responsible for the regulation and coordination of complex voluntary muscular movement as well as the maintenance of posture and balance.

[Medieval Latin, from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum, brain; see ker- in Indo-European roots.]

cer′e·bel′lar (-bĕl′ər) adj.

cerebellum

(ˌsɛrɪˈbɛləm)
n, pl -lums or -la (-lə)
(Anatomy) one of the major divisions of the vertebrate brain, situated in man above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum, whose function is coordination of voluntary movements and maintenance of bodily equilibrium
[C16: from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum]
ˌcereˈbellar adj

cer•e•bel•lum

(ˌsɛr əˈbɛl əm)

n., pl. -bel•lums, -bel•la (-ˈbɛl ə)
the rounded portion of the brain, directly behind the cerebrum in birds and mammals, that serves mainly to coordinate movement, posture, and balance.
[1555–65; < Latin: brain, diminutive of cerebrum (for formation see castle)]
cer`e•bel′lar, adj.

cer·e·bel·lum

(sĕr′ə-bĕl′əm)
The part of the vertebrate brain that is located below the cerebrum at the rear of the skull and coordinates balance and muscle activity. In humans and other mammals, the cerebellum is made up of two connecting parts, called hemispheres, consisting of a core of white matter surrounded by gray matter.

cerebellum


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The largest part of the hindbrain, sprouting below the back of the cerebrum. It helps produce smoothly controlled and coordinated muscular movements.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate braincerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
arteria cerebelli, cerebellar artery - an artery that supplies the cerebellum
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
cerebellar hemisphere - either of two lateral lobes of the cerebellum
dentate nucleus - a large laminar nucleus of grey matter within the white matter of each cerebral hemisphere
vermis, vermis cerebelli - the narrow central part of the cerebellum between the two hemispheres
paleocerebellum - the anterior lobe of the cerebellum which was one of the earliest parts of the hindbrain to develop in mammals
hindbrain, rhombencephalon - the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
Translations
mozeček
pikkuaivot

cerebellum

[ˌserɪˈbeləm] N (cerebellums or cerebella (pl)) [ˌserɪˈbelə]cerebelo m

cerebellum

nKleinhirn nt, → Zerebellum nt (spec)

cerebellum

[ˌsɛrɪˈbɛləm] n (Anat) → cervelletto

cer·e·bel·lum

n. cerebelo, parte posterior del cerebro, centro de coordinación de los movimientos musculares voluntarios.

cerebellum

n cerebelo
References in classic literature ?
Now, I consider that the phrenologists have omitted an important thing in not pushing their investigations from the cerebellum through the spinal canal.
Effects of endogenous and exogenous hyperthon healthy and necrotic cell numbers compared to control group Study Groups Brain Region Healthy Cell Necrotic Cell Number * Number * Endogenous Cerebral cortex Decreased Increased hyperthermia Cerebellum Unvaried Increased Hypothalamus Unvaried Unvaried All brain region Unvaried Increased Exogenous Cerebral cortex Decreased Unvaried hyperthermia Cerebellum Unvaried Increased Hypothalamus Decreased Unvaried All brain region Unvaried Increased * Increased/Decreased: p<0.
Key words: Cerebellum, Purkinje cell, dendritic spines, somatic configuration, ageing.
Clinically, the disease is dominated by signs of injury: motor cortex (limb paresis), basal ganglia (involuntary movements), cerebellum (congruity disorder of movement and balance).
Cerebellum from terms of embryonic formation and genesis has metencephalon origin.
For this new edition he has included tables to facilitate the differential diagnosis of ataxias of the cerebellum and added material on cerebellar disorders occurring in children.
Source: "Effects of Local Anesthesia of the Cerebellum on Classical Fear Conditioning in Goldfish," Masayuki Yoshida and Ruriko Hirano, Behavioral and Brain Functions, BioMed Central, www.
Activation of the midbrain, cerebellum, thalamus, and midcingulate, primary and secondary sensory, inferior parietal, insula and prefrontal cortices correlated with reported changes in pain with hypnotic and non-hypnotic suggestion.
The study was performed on 15 human fetuses with gestational age (GA) ranging from 14 to 40 weeks to observe the histogenesis of different cortical layers during the development of cerebellum and correlate the histogenesis of different cortical layers with diffusion tensor imaging.
Men in the study who had aura migraines in mid-life didn't show a statistically significant increase in cerebellum brain lesions compared with men who didn't get headaches.
The present study aimed at investigating the role of alpha-lipoic acid against space radiation-induced oxidative stress and antioxidant status in cerebellum and its correlation with cognitive dysfunction.
For comparative purposes, we examined the isolated mitochondria from cerebellum of the same animals since cerebellum is relatively spared in 3NP-induced toxicity.