cortex

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cor·tex

 (kôr′tĕks′)
n. pl. cor·ti·ces (-tĭ-sēz′) or cor·tex·es
1. Anatomy
a. The outer layer of an internal organ or body structure, as of the kidney or adrenal gland.
b. The outer layer of gray matter that covers the surface of the cerebral hemisphere.
2. Botany The region of tissue in a root or stem lying between the epidermis and the vascular tissue.
3. An external layer, such as bark or rind.
4. Cytology The region of the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell that lies just under the plasma membrane and contains a network of actin filaments and associated proteins that determine the shape of the cell.

[Latin, bark; see sker- in Indo-European roots.]

cortex

(ˈkɔːtɛks)
n, pl -tices (-tɪˌsiːz)
1. (Anatomy) anatomy the outer layer of any organ or part, such as the grey matter in the brain that covers the cerebrum (cerebral cortex) or the outer part of the kidney (renal cortex)
2. (Botany) botany
a. the unspecialized tissue in plant stems and roots between the vascular bundles and the epidermis
b. the outer layer of a part such as the bark of a stem
[C17: from Latin: bark, outer layer]
cortical adj
ˈcortically adv

cor•tex

(ˈkɔr tɛks)

n., pl. -ti•ces (-təˌsiz)
1.
a. the outer region of a body organ or structure, as the outer portion of the kidney.
2.
a. the portion of a plant stem or trunk between the epidermis and the vascular tissue; bark.
b. any outer layer, as rind.
3. the surface tissue layer of a fungus or lichen, composed of massed hyphal cells.
[1650–60; < Latin: bark, rind, shell, husk]

cor·tex

(kôr′tĕks′)
1. The outer layer of an organ or body part, such as the cerebrum or the adrenal glands.
2. The region of tissue next to the outermost layer of plant stems and roots. The cortex lies between the epidermis (the outermost layer) and the vascular tissue. In roots the cortex transfers water and minerals from the epidermis to the vascular tissue, which distributes them to other parts of the plant. The cortex also stores food manufactured in the leaves.

cortex

The outer layer of an internal organ, notably of the brain and each kidney.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cortex - the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrumcortex - the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
Golgi cell, Golgi's cell - a neuron in the cerebral cortex with short dendrites and with either a long axon or a short axon that ramifies in the grey matter
neocortex, neopallium - the cortical part of the neencephalon
archipallium, paleocortex - the olfactory cortex of the cerebrum
gray matter, gray substance, grey matter, grey substance, substantia grisea - greyish nervous tissue containing cell bodies as well as fibers; forms the cerebral cortex consisting of unmyelinated neurons
cortical area, cortical region - any of various regions of the cerebral cortex
cerebrum - anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres; dominant part of the brain in humans
frontal cortex, frontal lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying directly behind the forehead
prefrontal cortex, prefrontal lobe - the anterior part of the frontal lobe
parietal cortex, parietal lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying below the crown of the head
occipital cortex, occipital lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying in the back of the head
temporal ccortex, temporal lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying inside the temples of the head
2.cortex - the tissue forming the outer layer of an organ or structure in plant or animal
animal tissue - the tissue in the bodies of animals
adrenal cortex - the cortex of the adrenal gland; secretes corticosterone and sex hormones
renal cortex - the cortex of the kidney containing the glomeruli and the convoluted tubules
plant tissue - the tissue of a plant
medulla - the inner part of an organ or structure in plant or animal
3.cortex - the tissue that surrounds the lens nucleus
animal tissue - the tissue in the bodies of animals
crystalline lens, lens of the eye, lens - biconvex transparent body situated behind the iris in the eye; its role (along with the cornea) is to focuses light on the retina
Translations
Nierenrinde

cortex

[ˈkɔːteks] N (cortices (pl)) [ˈkɔːtɪsiːz] (Anat, Bot) → córtex m, corteza f

cortex

[ˈkɔːrtɛks] [cortices] [ˈkɔːrtɪsiːz] (pl) n [brain] → cortex m cerebral cortex

cortex

n pl <cortices> (Anat, of brain) → Hirnrinde f; (of kidney)Nierenrinde f; (Bot) → Kortex m

cortex

[ˈkɔːtɛks] n (cortices (pl)) [ˈkɔːtɪsiːz] (Anat, Bot) → corteccia

cor·tex

n. corteza, córtex, la capa más al exterior de un órgano;
adrenal ______ suprarrenal;
cerebral ______ cerebral.

cortex

n (pl -tices) corteza
References in periodicals archive ?
Washington, Oct 24 (ANI): Prenatal sex-based biological differences can extend to genetic expression in cerebral cortices and are probably associated with later divergences in how our brains develop, a new study by researchers at Uppsala University has found.
The collaborators used a computerized imaging program called FreeSurfer to determine thickness and volume of the cerebral cortices, thalami, and hippocampi of their subjects.
Weiss and colleagues examined the depth of the cerebral cortices in offspring of rats that had been treated at gestation day 8 with the highest levels of dioxin (180 ng/kg) and found that the normal lateralization--thicker left hemisphere-was reversed, indicating that the female brains had been "masculinized.