Study the activity of catalase, copper, ceruloplasmin
and other biochemical features in first trimester Iraqi pregnant women.
Reference intervals were not available for AGP, A1AT, bilirubin (unconjugated), ceruloplasmin
, CK, chloride, glucose, potassium, sodium, and STfR (7).
Measuring the free copper level in your blood: If you want to evaluate the impact of reducing your copper intake, this can theoretically be done by monitoring your free copper level, which you calculate from your serum copper and serum ceruloplasmin
measured in the same blood draw.
Hepatitis serology test results were negative, ceruloplasmin
level was normal, and anti-mitochondrial antibody and anti-smooth muscle antibodies were negative.
Blood contains many antioxidant enzymes and molecules which prevent free radical reactions, such as catalase (CAT), paraoxonase (PON1), arylesterase (ARE), glutathione, ceruloplasmin
, albumin, uric acid and bilirubin (9).
When using only the data available from the nitrotyrosine protein assays, a maximum classification accuracy of - 77% in the independent sample set distinguished smokers with and without COPD using the values for nitrated ceruloplasmin
(CP), matrix metalloprotease 1, and transforming growth factor alpha (TGF[alpha]).
The increase of copper with the progression of pregnancy could be partly related to synthesis of ceruloplasmin
, a major copper binding protein, as a result of elevated levels of maternal estrogen.
Increased oxidized low density lipoprotein associated with high ceruloplasmin
activity in patients with active acromegaly.
The elevation in Cu concentration may be due to a rise in the copper--binding capacity of ceruloplasmin
and the increase in Cu may be also due to injury and subsequent necrosis of myocardial cells (40).
Laboratory analysis revealed low serum iron (17 mg/dL), high serum ferritin (1343 [micro] g/mL), low serum transferrin saturation (6%), undetectable serum ceruloplasmin
Finally, Engestrom et al (67) showed that forced vital capacity in men was inversely associated with levels of inflammation sensitive plasma proteins (fibrinogen, alfa-1 antitrypsin, haptoglobin, ceruloplasmin
Hephaestin is a ceruloplasmin
homolog, and colocalizes with ferroportin at the basolateral membrane of enterocytes.