These include species such as the Cortez Angelfish, Pomacanthus zonipectus (Pomacanthidae), and the Three Banded Butterflyfish, Chaetodon
humeralis (Chaetodontidae), which have been observed (but not collected) within the La Jolla study area (Lea et al.
Although no exact benchmark is available for species-level divergence among reef fish taxa based on cyt b (but see Johns & Avise 1998), our findings are consistent with the 2% cyt b divergence among recognized Chaetodon
species (McMillan & Palumbi 1995) and approached the level of divergence observed among some closely related species of Das-gllus (Bernardi & Crane 1999).
ocellatus Bloch (spotfin butterflyfish) (McBride and Able, 1998), they may suffer 100% mortality and thus make no contribution to subsequent generations.
These cichlids are unique in having a strongly laterally compressed discoidal shape, similar to the marine butterflyfishes of the genus Chaetodon
The jawfish and butterflyfish groups are comprised primarily (91-99%, respectively) of a single species, namely, the yellowhead, Opistognathus aurifrons, and spotfin, Chaetodon
For example, in 2006-2007 surveys, juveniles of tropical species such as Chaetodon
ocellatus (Chaetodontidae), Fistularia tabacaria (Fistularidae), Ocyurus chrysurus (Lutjanidae), Thalassoma bifasciatum (Labridae), Sparisoma viride (Scaridae), and unidentified acanthurids were collected in coastal habitats where they were not collected during previous surveys (1971-79) (Livingston, 1985).
Density dependent recruitment in the reef fish Chaetodon
Carroll & Kempf 1990), butterflyfish (Chelmon rostratus Linnaeus and Chaetodon
kleini Bloch), and peppermint shrimp are commonly used as successful natural predators of Aiptasia.
(Baird), Blackbanded sunfish.
Chubs V Sn Chaetodontidae Chaetodon aculeatus Longsnout butterflyfish V D Chaetodon
sedentarius Reef butterflyfish V Pomacanthidae Holacanthus tricolor Rock beauty V Pomacanthus arcuatus Gray angelfish V Pomacentridae Pomacentridae Damselfishes V Chromis sp.
Re-occurrence of the threebanded butterflyfish, Chaetodon
humeralis (Chaetodontidae), with notes on its distribution in Southern California.