challenge

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chal·lenge

 (chăl′ənj)
n.
1.
a. A call to engage in a contest, fight, or competition: a challenge to a duel.
b. An act or statement of defiance; a call to confrontation: a challenge to the government's authority.
2. A demand for explanation or justification; a calling into question: a challenge to a theory.
3. A sentry's call to an unknown party for proper identification.
4. A test of one's abilities or resources in a demanding but stimulating undertaking: a career that offers a challenge.
5. A claim that a vote is invalid or that a voter is unqualified.
6. Law
a. A formal objection to the inclusion of a prospective juror in a jury.
b. A legal case testing the validity of an action taken, particularly by the government.
7. Immunology The induction or evaluation of an immune response in an organism by administration of a specific antigen to which it has been sensitized.
v. chal·lenged, chal·leng·ing, chal·leng·es
v.tr.
1.
a. To call to engage in a contest, fight, or competition: challenged me to a game of chess.
b. To invite with defiance; dare: challenged him to contradict her.
c. To confront or struggle with (something) as a test of one's abilities: rafters challenging the rapids.
2. To take exception to; call into question; dispute: a book that challenges established beliefs.
3. To order to halt and be identified, as by a sentry.
4. Law
a. To take formal objection to (a prospective juror).
b. To bring a legal case testing the validity of an action, particularly by the government.
5. To question the qualifications of (a voter) or the validity of (a vote).
6. To have due claim to; call for: events that challenge our attention.
7. To summon to action, effort, or use; stimulate: a problem that challenges the imagination.
8. Immunology To induce or evaluate an immune response in (an organism) by administering a specific antigen to which it has been sensitized.
v.intr.
1. To make or give voice to a challenge.
2. To begin barking upon picking up the scent. Used of hunting dogs.

[Middle English chalenge, from Old French, from Latin calumnia, trickery, false accusation; see calumny. V., Middle English chalengen, from Old French chalangier, from Latin calumniārī, from calumnia.]

chal′lenge·a·ble adj.

challenge

(ˈtʃælɪndʒ)
vb (mainly tr)
1. to invite or summon (someone to do something, esp to take part in a contest)
2. (also intr) to call (something) into question; dispute
3. to make demands on; stimulate: the job challenges his ingenuity.
4. (Military) to order (a person) to halt and be identified or to give a password
5. (Law) law to make formal objection to (a juror or jury)
6. to lay claim to (attention, etc)
7. (Hunting) (intr) hunting (of a hound) to cry out on first encountering the scent of a quarry
8. (Veterinary Science) to inject (an experimental animal immunized with a test substance) with disease microorganisms to test for immunity to the disease
n
9. a call to engage in a fight, argument, or contest
10. a questioning of a statement or fact; a demand for justification or explanation
11. a demanding or stimulating situation, career, object, etc
12. (Military) a demand by a sentry, watchman, etc, for identification or a password
13. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) US an assertion that a person is not entitled to vote or that a vote is invalid
14. (Law) law a formal objection to a person selected to serve on a jury (challenge to the polls) or to the whole body of jurors (challenge to the array)
[C13: from Old French chalenge, from Latin calumnia calumny]
ˈchallengeable adj
ˈchallenger n

chal•lenge

(ˈtʃæl ɪndʒ)

n., v. -lenged, -leng•ing. n.
1. a summons to engage in contest, as of skill or strength.
2. something that by its nature or character serves as a serious test: Space exploration offers a challenge to humankind.
3. a call to fight, as in a duel.
4. a demand to explain, justify, etc.
5. difficulty in a job or undertaking that is stimulating to one engaged in it.
6. the demand of a military sentry for identification or a countersign.
7. a formal objection to the qualifications of a juror or jury.
8. the assertion that a vote is invalid or that a voter is not legally qualified.
9. the assessment of a specific function in an organism by exposing it to a provocative substance or activity.
v.t.
10. to summon to a contest.
11. to take exception to; call in question.
12. to demand as something due or rightful.
13. to halt and demand identification or a countersign from.
14. to take formal exception to (a juror or jury).
15. to invite; arouse: a matter which challenges attention.
16. to assert that (a vote) is invalid.
17. to assert that (a voter) is not qualified to vote.
18. to inject (an organism) with a specific substance to assess its physiological or immunological activity.
v.i.
19. to issue a challenge.
[1175–1225; Middle English chalenge < Old French chalonge < Latin calumnia calumny]
chal′lenge•a•ble, adj.

challenge

Any process carried out by one unit or person with the object of ascertaining the friendly or hostile character or identity of another. See also countersign; password.

challenge


Past participle: challenged
Gerund: challenging

Imperative
challenge
challenge
Present
I challenge
you challenge
he/she/it challenges
we challenge
you challenge
they challenge
Preterite
I challenged
you challenged
he/she/it challenged
we challenged
you challenged
they challenged
Present Continuous
I am challenging
you are challenging
he/she/it is challenging
we are challenging
you are challenging
they are challenging
Present Perfect
I have challenged
you have challenged
he/she/it has challenged
we have challenged
you have challenged
they have challenged
Past Continuous
I was challenging
you were challenging
he/she/it was challenging
we were challenging
you were challenging
they were challenging
Past Perfect
I had challenged
you had challenged
he/she/it had challenged
we had challenged
you had challenged
they had challenged
Future
I will challenge
you will challenge
he/she/it will challenge
we will challenge
you will challenge
they will challenge
Future Perfect
I will have challenged
you will have challenged
he/she/it will have challenged
we will have challenged
you will have challenged
they will have challenged
Future Continuous
I will be challenging
you will be challenging
he/she/it will be challenging
we will be challenging
you will be challenging
they will be challenging
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been challenging
you have been challenging
he/she/it has been challenging
we have been challenging
you have been challenging
they have been challenging
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been challenging
you will have been challenging
he/she/it will have been challenging
we will have been challenging
you will have been challenging
they will have been challenging
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been challenging
you had been challenging
he/she/it had been challenging
we had been challenging
you had been challenging
they had been challenging
Conditional
I would challenge
you would challenge
he/she/it would challenge
we would challenge
you would challenge
they would challenge
Past Conditional
I would have challenged
you would have challenged
he/she/it would have challenged
we would have challenged
you would have challenged
they would have challenged
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.challenge - a demanding or stimulating situationchallenge - a demanding or stimulating situation; "they reacted irrationally to the challenge of Russian power"
situation, state of affairs - the general state of things; the combination of circumstances at a given time; "the present international situation is dangerous"; "wondered how such a state of affairs had come about"; "eternal truths will be neither true nor eternal unless they have fresh meaning for every new social situation"- Franklin D.Roosevelt
2.challenge - a call to engage in a contest or fight
speech act - the use of language to perform some act
dare, daring - a challenge to do something dangerous or foolhardy; "he could never refuse a dare"
confrontation - a bold challenge
call-out - a challenge to a fight or duel
defiance - a hostile challenge
calling into question, demand for explanation - a challenge to defend what someone has said
demand for identification - as by a sentry
gantlet, gauntlet - to offer or accept a challenge; "threw down the gauntlet"; "took up the gauntlet"
3.challenge - questioning a statement and demanding an explanation; "his challenge of the assumption that Japan is still our enemy"
inquiring, questioning - a request for information
4.challenge - a formal objection to the selection of a particular person as a juror
objection - the speech act of objecting
5.challenge - a demand by a sentry for a password or identification
demand - an urgent or peremptory request; "his demands for attention were unceasing"
Verb1.challenge - take exception to; "She challenged his claims"
call - challenge the sincerity or truthfulness of; "call the speaker on a question of fact"
call - challenge (somebody) to make good on a statement; charge with or censure for an offense; "He deserves to be called on that"
contest, repugn, contend - to make the subject of dispute, contention, or litigation; "They contested the outcome of the race"
2.challenge - issue a challenge to; "Fischer challenged Spassky to a match"
invite, bid - ask someone in a friendly way to do something
provoke, stimulate - provide the needed stimulus for
counterchallenge - challenge in turn; "The authentication was counterchallenged"
call into question, oppugn, question - challenge the accuracy, probity, or propriety of; "We must question your judgment in this matter"
impeach - challenge the honesty or veracity of; "the lawyers tried to impeach the credibility of the witnesses"
impugn - attack as false or wrong
dare, defy - challenge; "I dare you!"
call one's bluff - ask to prove what someone is claiming; "John called Mary's bluff when she claimed she could prove the theorem in under an hour"
call out - challenge to a duel; "Aaron Burr called out Alexander Hamilton"
remand, send back, remit - refer (a matter or legal case) to another committee or authority or court for decision
appeal - take a court case to a higher court for review; "He was found guilty but appealed immediately"
action, sue, litigate, process - institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against; "He was warned that the district attorney would process him"; "She actioned the company for discrimination"
litigate - engage in legal proceedings
3.challenge - ask for identification; "The illegal immigrant was challenged by the border guard"
call for, request, bespeak, quest - express the need or desire for; ask for; "She requested an extra bed in her room"; "She called for room service"
4.challenge - raise a formal objection in a court of law
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
object - express or raise an objection or protest or criticism or express dissent; "She never objected to the amount of work her boss charged her with"; "When asked to drive the truck, she objected that she did not have a driver's license"
appeal - challenge (a decision); "She appealed the verdict"

challenge

noun
1. dare, provocation, summons to contest I like a challenge, and they don't come much bigger than this.
2. test, trial, opposition, confrontation, defiance, ultimatum, face-off (slang) In December, she saw off the first challenge to her leadership.
verb
1. dispute, question, tackle, confront, defy, object to, disagree with, take issue with, impugn The move was immediately challenged by the opposition.
2. dare, invite, provoke, defy, summon, call out, throw down the gauntlet He left a note at the crime scene, challenging detectives to catch him.
3. test, try, tax a task that would challenge his courage
4. question, interrogate, accost The men opened fire after they were challenged by the guard.

challenge

noun
1. An act of taunting another to do something bold or rash:
2. Behavior or an act that is intentionally provocative:
3. The act of expressing strong or reasoned opposition:
Slang: kick.
verb
1. To call on another to do something requiring boldness:
2. To confront boldly and courageously:
Idioms: fly in the face of, snap one's fingers at, stand up to, thumb one's nose at.
3. To come near, as in quality or amount:
4. To express opposition, often by argument:
Informal: kick, squawk.
Idioms: set up a squawk, take exception.
5. To take a stand against:
Translations
اسْتِدْعاءٌ للمُبارَزَهتـَحَدٍّتَحَدٍّ، طَعْنٌ في صَلاحِيَّةيَتَحَدَّىيَدْعو للمُبارَزَه، يَتَحَدّى
výzvavyzvatzpochybnitnáročný úkolpochybování
udfordreudfordringanfægteanfægtelsedragen i tvivl
haastejääviesteellisyysperustehaastaa
izazovizazvati
kérdõre vonkétségbevonáskihívás
áskorunskora ávéfengingvéfengja, rengja
挑戦挑戦する
도전도전하다
daug pastangų reikalaujantisginčytiiškviestiiškvietimasiššūkis
apstrīdēšanaapstrīdētizaicinājumsizaicināt
spochybnenie
izzivizzvati
utmanautmaning
การท้าทายท้าทาย
meydan okumaksormasormakyarışmaya davetyarışmaya davet etmek
sự thách thứcthách thức

challenge

[ˈtʃælɪndʒ]
A. N
1. (to game, fight etc) → desafío m, reto m; [of sentry] → alto m
to issue a challenge to sbdesafiar a algn
to rise to the challengeponerse a la altura de las circunstancias
to take up a challengeaceptar un desafío
2. (= bid) (for leadership etc) → intento m (for por) Vigo's challenge for the league leadershipla tentativa que hace el Vigo para hacerse con el liderato de la liga
3. (fig) → desafío m, reto m
this task is a great challengeesta tarea representa un gran desafío
the challenge of the 21st centuryel reto del siglo XXI
the challenge of new ideasel reto de las nuevas ideas
4. (Jur) → recusación f
B. VT
1. (to duel) → desafiar, retar; [sentry] → dar el alto a
2. [+ speaker] → hablar en contra de
to challenge sb to do sthdesafiar or retar a algn a que haga algo
3. (= dispute) [+ fact, point] → poner en duda
I challenge that conclusiondudo que esa conclusión sea acertada
4. (Jur) → recusar

challenge

[ˈtʃælɪndʒ]
n
(= difficult thing) → défi m
to rise to the challenge → se montrer à la hauteur
(= questioning) → mise f en doute, mise f en question
(= defiance) → défi m
vt
[+ team, opponent] → défier; [+ competitor] → défier
(= question) [+ statement, right] → mettre en question, contester
(= invite) to challenge sb to sth → défier qn à qch
to challenge sb to a fight → défier qn en combat singulier
to challenge sb to a game → lancer un défi à qn (au tennis, aux échecs etc)
She challenged me to a race → Elle m'a proposé de faire la course avec elle.
to challenge sb to do sth → mettre qn au défi de faire qch

challenge

n
(to duel, match etc) → Herausforderung f (→ to an +acc); (fig: = demands) → Anforderung (→ en pl) f; to issue a challenge to somebodyjdn herausfordern; this job is a challengebei dieser Arbeit ist man gefordert; I see this task as a challengeich sehe diese Aufgabe als Herausforderung; the challenge of modern lifedie Anforderungen des heutigen Lebens; those who rose to the challengediejenigen, die sich der Herausforderung stellten; the office job presented no challenge for himdie Bürotätigkeit stellte keine Ansprüche an ihn or forderte ihn nicht; the challenge of the unknownder Reiz des Unbekannten
(= bid: for leadership etc) → Griff m(for nach); a direct challenge to his authorityeine direkte Infragestellung seiner Autorität
(Mil, of sentry) → Anruf m, → Werdaruf m
(Jur, of witness) → Ablehnung f
vt
person, champion (to duel, race etc) → herausfordern; world record etcüberbieten wollen; to challenge somebody to do somethingwetten, dass jd etw nicht (tun) kann; he challenged her to run a marathoner wettete, dass sie keinen Marathonlauf machen würde; to challenge somebody to a dueljdn zum Duell fordern; to challenge somebody to a gamejdn zu einer Partie herausfordern
(fig: = make demands on) → fordern
(fig) remarks, sb’s authorityinfrage or in Frage stellen, anfechten
(sentry)anrufen
(Jur) witnessesablehnen; evidence, verdictanfechten

challenge

[ˈtʃælɪndʒ]
1. nsfida; (of sentry) → intimazione f
to issue a challenge → lanciare una sfida
to take up the challenge → accettare or raccogliere la sfida
this task is a great challenge → questo compito è una grande sfida
2. vt (to contest) → sfidare; (subj, sentry) → intimare l'alt a; (dispute, fact, point, statement, right) → mettere in dubbio, contestare
to challenge sb to a fight/game → sfidare qn a battersi/ad una partita
to challenge sb to do sth → sfidare qn a fare qc
to challenge sb to a duel → sfidare qn a duello

challenge

(ˈtʃӕlindʒ) verb
1. to ask (someone) to take part in a contest. He challenged his brother to a round of golf.
2. to question (someone's authority or right, the truth of a statement etc).
noun
1. an invitation to a contest. He accepted his brother's challenge to a fight.
2. the act of questioning someone's right, a statement etc.
ˈchallenger noun
ˈchallenging adjective
demanding effort; difficult. a challenging job/idea.

challenge

تـَحَدٍّ, يَتَحَدَّى náročný úkol, zpochybnit udfordre, udfordring herausfordern, Herausforderung προκαλώ, πρόκληση cuestionar, desafiar, desafío haastaa, haaste défi, lancer un défi izazov, izazvati sfida, sfidare 挑戦, 挑戦する 도전, 도전하다 uitdagen, uitdaging utfordre, utfordring wyzwać, wyzwanie desafiar, desafio вызов, оспаривать utmana, utmaning การท้าทาย, ท้าทาย meydan okumak, zorluk sự thách thức, thách thức 挑战

challenge

n desafío, reto; provocación f; methacholine — provocación con metacolina
References in classic literature ?
There had been, this evening, after the revelation left me, for an hour, so prostrate--there had been, for either of us, no attendance on any service but a little service of tears and vows, of prayers and promises, a climax to the series of mutual challenges and pledges that had straightway ensued on our retreating together to the schoolroom and shutting ourselves up there to have everything out.
He waylays the smaller boys to punch their unprotected heads, and calls challenges after me in the open streets.
Though our challenges are fearsome, so are our strengths.
His fancy grew full of what he used to read about in his books, enchantments, quarrels, battles, challenges, wounds, wooings, loves, agonies, and all sorts of impossible nonsense; and it so possessed his mind that the whole fabric of invention and fancy he read of was true, that to him no history in the world had more reality in it.
So for twenty years altogether--counting nine years in England-- I have been going on; and there is still something in everything I do that defeats me, makes me dissatisfied, challenges me to further effort.
There was no reply from the bruised and bat- tered regiment, save that one man made broad- cast challenges to fist fights and the red-bearded officer walked rather near and glared in great swashbuckler style at a tall captain in the other regiment.
There were, of course, well-soaped poles to be climbed by the boys and youths, races to be run by the old women, races to be run in sacks, heavy weights to be lifted by the strong men, and a long list of challenges to such ambitious attempts as that of walking as many yards possible on one leg-- feats in which it was generally remarked that Wiry Ben, being "the lissom'st, springest fellow i' the country," was sure to be pre- eminent.
Preserve the right of thy place; but stir not questions of jurisdiction; and rather assume thy right, in silence and de facto, than voice it with claims, and challenges.
First of all, as to your return to my house after your most justifiable expulsion"--he protruded his beard, and stared at me as one who challenges and invites contradiction--"after, as I say, your well-merited expulsion.
But if, as Amiel himself challenges us to do, we look below the surface of a very equable and even smoothly accomplished literary manner, we discover, in high degree of development, that perplexity or complexity of soul, the expression [23] of which, so it be with an adequate literary gift, has its legitimate, because inevitable, interest for the modern reader.
When it was apparent that there was no danger that the head hunters would return, the lascar came from his hiding place, and dancing up and down upon the shore screamed warlike challenges and taunts at the retreating enemy.
When the grandeur and beauty of the world challenged him-- as it challenges even the most self-absorbed people-- he always answered with her name.