champerty


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cham·per·ty

 (chăm′pər-tē)
n. pl. cham·per·ties
A sharing in the proceeds of a lawsuit by an outside party who has funded or assisted in funding the litigation.

[Middle English champartie, from Old French champart, the lord's share of the tenant's crop, from Medieval Latin campars, campīpars : Latin campī, genitive of campus, field; see campus + Latin pars, part; see part.]

cham′per·tous (-təs) adj.

champerty

(ˈtʃæmpətɪ)
n, pl -ties
(Law) law (formerly) an illegal bargain between a party to litigation and an outsider whereby the latter agrees to pay for the action and thereby share in any proceeds recovered. See also maintenance
[C14: from Anglo-French champartie, from Old French champart share of produce, from champ field + part share (a feudal lord's)]
ˈchampertous adj

cham•per•ty

(ˈtʃæm pər ti)

n.
a sharing in the proceeds of litigation in return for helping to prosecute or defend a case.
[1300–50; Middle English champartie <champart < Middle French: share of the produce (=champ field (see camp1) + part share, part)]
cham′per•tous, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.champerty - an unethical agreement between an attorney and client that the attorney would sue and pay the costs of the client's suit in return for a portion of the damages awarded; "soliciting personal injury cases may constitute champerty"
actus reus, wrongful conduct, misconduct, wrongdoing - activity that transgresses moral or civil law; "he denied any wrongdoing"
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
References in periodicals archive ?
Whereas the judicial, legislative, and scholarly treatment of litigation finance has regarded litigation finance first and foremost as a form of champerty and sought to regulate it through rules of legal professional responsibility (hereinafter, the "legal ethics paradigm"), this Article suggests that the problems created by litigation finance are all facets of the classic problems created by "the separation of ownership and control" that have been a focus of business law since the advent of the corporate form.
most important of these prohibitions is the bar against champerty,
with specific issues, such as champerty and court delays.
In the United States, as in countries with common-law legal systems, the doctrines of maintenance and champerty have long prohibited outside financing of litigation.
Bentham advocated for women's rights, and for the abolition of slavery and the antiquated doctrines of champerty and maintenance.
24) According to Blackstone, champerty thereby "pervert[ed] the process of law into an engine of oppression.
Under common law dating back centuries to England, it was viewed as contrary to public policy under legal doctrines known as champerty and maintenance.
Others, such as New Jersey, have enacted statutes clarifying that they do not follow the champerty doctrine.
Meanwhile, trainer Arthur Moore has a great record at Downpatrick, winning the Ulster National with Champerty in 1980, and Green Black is likely to carry Moore's hopes.
Things have changed in two ways: first, the definition of champerty has been narrowed, so that the concept prohibits less than it once did; second, a few states, such as Massachusetts and New Jersey, have done away with the practice altogether (51).
The court declared the practice of advancing funds secured only by an interest in a pending lawsuit--and in this case, at a rate exceeding 180 percent per year--to be maintenance and champerty, both of which are prohibited by state statutes.
He mentions, for instance, that Champerty is the wife of Fourcher in acts 3 and 5, but of Voucher in act 4.