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These adjectives apply to what is determined not by deliberation but by happenstance. Chance stresses lack of intention or premeditation: a chance meeting with a friend.
Random implies the absence of a specific pattern or objective: at the mercy of random events.
Casual stresses the indiscriminate or unpredictable nature of chance events: "the casual mutation of one of your liver cells from normal to cancerous" (John Barth).
Haphazard implies a carelessness or lack of control: "If unmarried significant others are invited to participate in the family support groups at all, it tends to be on a haphazard, informal basis" (Kristin Henderson).
Desultory denotes a sporadic or aimless sequence of events: "I lay on a shared cot listening to desultory gunfire" (Jan Clausen). See Also Synonyms at happen, opportunity.
n., v. chanced, chanc•ing,
If it is possible that something will happen, you can say that there is a chance that it will happen or a chance of it happening.
If something is fairly likely to happen, you can say that there is a good chance that it will happen.
If something is unlikely to happen, you can say that there is little chance that it will happen. If you are sure that it will not happen, you can say that there is no chance that it will happen.
If someone is able to do something on a particular occasion, you can say that they have the chance to do it.
If something happens by chance, it was not planned.
If you say that something happens by chance, you are not saying whether it is a good thing or a bad thing. If something good happens without being planned, you refer to it as luck, not 'chance'.
occasion opportunity chance
An occasion is a particular time when something happens.
You often say that something happens on a particular occasion.
An occasion is also an important event, ceremony, or celebration.
Past participle: chanced
|Noun||1.||chance - a possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances; "the holiday gave us the opportunity to visit Washington"; "now is your chance"|
possibleness, possibility - capability of existing or happening or being true; "there is a possibility that his sense of smell has been impaired"
brass ring - a rich opportunity or a prize; "he missed the brass ring at the Miami convention"
day - a period of opportunity; "he deserves his day in court"; "every dog has his day"
hearing, audience - an opportunity to state your case and be heard; "they condemned him without a hearing"; "he saw that he had lost his audience"
hunting ground - a place where opportunities abound
occasion - an opportunity to do something; "there was never an occasion for her to demonstrate her skill"
opening - opportunity especially for employment or promotion; "there is an opening in the sales department"
room - opportunity for; "room for improvement"
say - the chance to speak; "let him have his say"
street - a situation offering opportunities; "he worked both sides of the street"; "cooperation is a two-way street"
throw - a single chance or instance; "he couldn't afford $50 a throw"
|2.||chance - an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes an event to result one way rather than another; "bad luck caused his downfall"; "we ran into each other by pure chance"|
phenomenon - any state or process known through the senses rather than by intuition or reasoning
mischance, mishap, bad luck - an unpredictable outcome that is unfortunate; "if I didn't have bad luck I wouldn't have any luck at all"
|3.||chance - a risk involving danger; "you take a chance when you let her drive"|
|4.||chance - a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur; a number expressing the ratio of favorable cases to the whole number of cases possible; "the probability that an unbiased coin will fall with the head up is 0.5"|
quantity, measure, amount - how much there is or how many there are of something that you can quantify
conditional probability, contingent probability - the probability that an event will occur given that one or more other events have occurred
cross section - (physics) the probability that a particular interaction (as capture or ionization) will take place between particles; measured in barns
exceedance - (geology) the probability that an earthquake will generate a level of ground motion that exceeds a specified reference level during a given exposure time; "the concept of exceedance can be applied to any type of environmental risk modeling"
joint probability - the probability of two events occurring together
|5.||chance - the possibility of future success; "his prospects as a writer are excellent"|
|Verb||1.||chance - be the case by chance; "I chanced to meet my old friend in the street"|
hap, happen, occur, come about, take place, go on, pass off, fall out, pass - come to pass; "What is happening?"; "The meeting took place off without an incidence"; "Nothing occurred that seemed important"
happen - chance to be or do something, without intention or causation; "I happen to have just what you need!"
|2.||chance - take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome; "When you buy these stocks you are gambling"|
attempt, essay, try, assay, seek - make an effort or attempt; "He tried to shake off his fears"; "The infant had essayed a few wobbly steps"; "The police attempted to stop the thief"; "He sought to improve himself"; "She always seeks to do good in the world"
go for broke - risk everything in one big effort; "the cyclist went for broke at the end of the race"
|3.||chance - come upon, as if by accident; meet with; "We find this idea in Plato"; "I happened upon the most wonderful bakery not very far from here"; "She chanced upon an interesting book in the bookstore the other day"|
|Adj.||1.||chance - occurring or appearing or singled out by chance; "seek help from casual passers-by"; "a casual meeting"; "a chance occurrence"|
unplanned - without apparent forethought or prompting or planning; "an unplanned economy"; "accepts an unplanned order"; "an unplanned pregnancy"; "unplanned remarks"
probability certainty, impossibility, surety, improbability, unlikelihood
accident design, intention
chance on or upon
by chance → por casualidad
we met by chance in Paris → nos encontramos por casualidad en París
do you have a room available, by any chance? → ¿no tendrá por casualidad una habitación libre?, ¿por casualidad tiene una habitación libre?
to leave nothing to chance → no dejar nada al azar or a la casualidad, no dejar ningún cabo suelto or por atar
to trust sth to chance → dejar algo al azar
see also game 1 A1.1
chance would be a fine thing! → ¡ojalá!, ¡ya quisiera yo!
you'll never get another chance like this → nunca se te presentará otra oportunidad or ocasión como ésta
all those eligible will get a chance to vote → todas las personas que cumplan los requisitos podrán votar
to give sb a chance he didn't give me a chance to say anything → no me dio (la) oportunidad de decir nada
give me a chance, I've only just got here! → ¡espera un ratito, acabo de llegar!
he never had a chance in life → nunca tuvo suerte en la vida
given half a chance he'd eat the lot → si se le dejara, se lo comería todo
you always wanted to ride a horse, and here's your chance → siempre quisiste montar a caballo, ahora tienes la oportunidad
to jump or leap at the chance → aprovechar la oportunidad or ocasión, no dejar escapar la oportunidad or ocasión
it's the chance of a lifetime → es la oportunidad de mi/tu/su vida
to have an eye on or to the main chance → estar a la que salta
to miss one's chance → perder la or su oportunidad
she's gone out, now's your chance! → ha salido, ¡ésta es tu oportunidad!
they decided to give me a second chance → decidieron darme una segunda oportunidad
his chances of survival are slim → tiene escasas posibilidades de sobrevivir, sus posibilidades de sobrevivir son escasas
the chances are that → lo más probable es que ...
it has a one in 11,000 chance (of winning) → tiene una posibilidad entre 11.000 (de ganar)
to have a good chance of success → tener bastantes posibilidades de éxito
to be in with a chance (Brit) → tener muchas posibilidades
I had very little chance of winning → tenía muy pocas posibilidades de ganar
he has no chance of winning → no tiene ninguna posibilidad de ganar, no tiene posibilidad alguna de ganar
no chance! (refusing) → ¡ni hablar!; (dismissing a possibility) → ¡qué va!
there is a slight chance she may still be there → puede que exista una pequeña posibilidad de que todavía esté allí
they don't stand a chance (of winning) → no tienen ninguna posibilidad or posibilidad alguna (de ganar)
he never stood a chance, the truck went straight into him → no pudo hacer nada, el camión se fue derecho a él
see also fat A5
I'll take that chance → correré ese riesgo, me arriesgaré
I'm not taking any chances → no quiero arriesgarme
you shouldn't take any chances where your health is concerned → no deberías correr riesgos or arriesgarte cuando se trata de tu salud
we decided to take a chance on the weather → decidimos arriesgarnos con el tiempo
to chance doing sth → arriesgarse a hacer algo
to chance it → jugársela, arriesgarse
to chance one's arm or one's luck → probar suerte
by chance → par hasard
We met by chance → Nous nous sommes rencontrés par hasard.
by any chance → par hasard
I'd like to have a chance to travel → J'aimerais avoir l'occasion de voyager.
to have a chance to do sth (= be able to) → pouvoir faire qch
She put the phone down before I had a chance to reply → Elle a raccroché avant que je puisse répondre.
I'll write when I get the chance
BUT J'écrirai quand j'aurai un moment.
it's the chance of a lifetime → c'est une occasion unique
Do you think I've got any chance? → Tu crois que j'ai une chance?
Their chances of winning are very good → Ils ont de fortes chances de gagner.
little chance of sb's doing sth
There is little chance of his coming → Il est peu probable qu'il vienne., Il y a peu de chances qu'il vienne.
the chances are (that) ... → il est très possible que ...
The chances are he won't come back → Il est très possible qu'il ne revienne pas.
to stand a chance → avoir une bonne chance
to stand no chance of doing sth → n'avoir aucune chance de faire qch
no chance! → pas question!
the chances are that ... → probabilmente..., è probabile che... + sub
he doesn't stand or he hasn't a chance of winning → non ha nessuna possibilità di vittoria
there is little chance of his coming → è molto improbabile che venga
it's the chance of a lifetime → è un'occasione unica
he never had a chance in life → non ha mai avuto nessuna possibilità nella vita
to give sb a chance to do sth → dare a qn la possibilità (di fare qc)
to have an eye to the main chance (pej) → essere sempre pronto/a ad approfittare, non perdere occasioni
an element of chance → una parte di fortuna
to take a chance → rischiare
I'm taking no chances → non voglio lasciar niente al caso
I'll chance it (risk) → ci provo, rischio