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or chap·er·on  (shăp′ə-rōn′)
1. A guide or companion whose purpose is to ensure propriety or restrict activity: "to see and feel the rough edges of the society ... without the filter of official chaperones" (Philip Taubman).
2. An older person who attends and supervises a social gathering for young people.
3. A person, especially an older or married woman, who accompanies a young unmarried woman in public.
4. Any of a diverse group of proteins that assist macromolecules, such as proteins and nucleic acids, to assemble and fold into the proper three-dimensional structure as they are being synthesized. Also called molecular chaperone.
tr.v. chaper·oned, chaper·on·ing, chaper·ones
To act as chaperone to or for. See Synonyms at accompany.

[French chaperon, from chaperon, hood (since a respectable person who accompanies a young woman shields her from unwanted advances like a hood), from Old French, diminutive of chape, cape, head covering; see chape.]

chap′er·on′age (-rō′nĭj) n.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The power of the family, in particular, in the arena of sexuality and cross-gender relationships is exerted not only through the external mechanisms of chaperonage and surveillance, but also through the internal ties of loyalty and care for the family and its members.
mothers seldom give them permission to go to a party in the evening, and never without chaperonage.
I hoped that the background of chaperonage would turn minds to wedding rings rather than 'nights out.
Another crucial means for reducing the perceived threat to the smooth running of the status quo posed by powerful women was to impose ideological discourses that mandated as necessary women's domestic enclosure and their chaperonage in public space, thereby channeling female energy into the responsibility for maintaining respectability, performing domestic duties, and nurturing children.
106) at the relationship with Blenkins, the progress of which is marked by the pair doing without her chaperonage (p.
Women's behavior greatly determines the reputation, "honor", of their entire family and hence their chastity must be demonstrated by modest clothing, limited individual mobility, male chaperonage in public places and, in many cases, also by refraining from driving and physical exercise (Dwairy 1998; Lewin-Epstein and Semyonov 1992; Farraj-Falach 2005; Weiner 2004, 2008).