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1. A member of the clergy attached to a chapel.
a. A member of the clergy who conducts religious services for an institution, such as a prison or hospital.
b. A lay person who is appointed to provide spiritual leadership and counseling to members of an institution, as at a university.
c. A member of the clergy who is connected with a royal court or an aristocratic household.
3. A member of the clergy attached to a branch of the armed forces.

[Middle English chapelein, from Old French chapelain, from Medieval Latin capellānus, from capella, chapel; see chapel.]

chap′lain·cy, chap′lain·ship′ n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chaplainship - the position of chaplain
berth, billet, post, situation, position, office, place, spot - a job in an organization; "he occupied a post in the treasury"
References in periodicals archive ?
The establishment of the chaplainship to Cong[ress] is a palpable violation of equal rights, as well as of Constitutional principles.
Within a short period of Horne's arrival at Freetown, tensions arose between the demands of the chaplainship and his missionary ambitions.
In 1958, he accepted the chaplainship of Yale University, as one of America's elite universities was slowly accepting the cultural changes shaking the country.