character


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char·ac·ter

 (kăr′ək-tər)
n.
1.
a. The combination of mental characteristics and behavior that distinguishes a person or group. See Synonyms at disposition.
b. The distinguishing nature of something. See Synonyms at quality.
2.
a. Moral strength; integrity: an educational program designed to develop character.
b. Public estimation of someone; reputation: personal attacks that damaged her character.
3. Biology A structure, function, or attribute of an organism, influenced by genetic, environmental, and developmental factors.
4.
a. A person considered as having a specific quality or attribute: "Being a man of the world and a public character, [he] took everything as a matter of course" (George Eliot).
b. A person considered funny or eccentric: catcalls from some character in the back row.
5.
a. A person portrayed in an artistic piece, such as a drama or novel.
b. A person or animal portrayed with a personality in comics or animation: a cartoon character.
c. Characterization in fiction or drama: a script that is weak in plot but strong in character.
d. Status or role; capacity: in his character as the father.
6. A description of a person's attributes, traits, or abilities.
7. A formal written statement as to competency and dependability, given by an employer to a former employee; a recommendation.
8.
a. A mark or symbol used in a writing system.
b. A Chinese character.
9. Computers
a. One of a set of symbols, such as letters or numbers, that are arranged to express information.
b. The numerical code representing such a character.
10. Mathematics The trace function of a representation.
11.
a. A style of printing or writing: "Here is the hand and seal of the Duke; you know the character" (Shakespeare).
b. A cipher or code for secret writing.
adj.
1. Of or relating to one's character.
2.
a. Specializing in the interpretation of often minor roles that emphasize fixed personality traits or specific physical characteristics: a character actor.
b. Of or relating to the interpretation of such roles by an actor: the character part of the hero's devoted mother.
3. Dedicated to the portrayal of a person with regard to distinguishing psychological or physical features: a character sketch.
tr.v. charac·tered, charac·ter·ing, charac·ters Archaic
1. To write, print, engrave, or inscribe.
2. To portray or describe; characterize.
Idioms:
in character
Consistent with someone's general character or behavior: behavior that was totally in character.
out of character
Inconsistent with someone's general character or behavior: a response so much out of character that it amazed me.

[Middle English carecter, distinctive mark, imprint on the soul, from Old French caractere, from Latin charactēr, from Greek kharaktēr, from kharassein, to inscribe, from kharax, kharak-, pointed stick.]

char′ac·ter·less adj.

character

(ˈkærɪktə)
n
1. the combination of traits and qualities distinguishing the individual nature of a person or thing
2. one such distinguishing quality; characteristic
3. moral force; integrity: a man of character.
4.
a. reputation, esp a good reputation
b. (as modifier): character assassination.
5. a summary or account of a person's qualities and achievements; testimonial: my last employer gave me a good character.
6. capacity, position, or status: he spoke in the character of a friend rather than a father.
7. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) a person represented in a play, film, story, etc; role
8. an outstanding person: one of the great characters of the century.
9. informal an odd, eccentric, or unusual person: he's quite a character.
10. an informal word for person: a shady character.
11. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) a symbol used in a writing system, such as a letter of the alphabet
12. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) printing Also called: sort any single letter, numeral, punctuation mark, or symbol cast as a type
13. (Computer Science) computing any letter, numeral, etc, which is a unit of information and can be represented uniquely by a binary pattern
14. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) a style of writing or printing
15. (Genetics) genetics any structure, function, attribute, etc, in an organism, which may or may not be determined by a gene or group of genes
16. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) a short prose sketch of a distinctive type of person, usually representing a vice or virtue
17. in character typical of the apparent character of a person or thing
18. out of character not typical of the apparent character of a person or thing
vb (tr)
19. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) to write, print, inscribe, or engrave
20. rare to portray or represent
[C14: from Latin: distinguishing mark, from Greek kharaktēr engraver's tool, from kharassein to engrave, stamp]
ˈcharacterful adj
ˈcharacterless adj

char•ac•ter

(ˈkær ɪk tər)

n.
1. the aggregate of features and traits that form the individual nature of a person or thing.
2. one such feature or trait; characteristic.
3. moral or ethical quality: a woman of strong character.
4. qualities of honesty, fortitude, etc.; integrity.
5. reputation: a stain on one's character.
6. distinctive, often interesting qualities: an old pub with a lot of character.
7. a person, esp. with reference to behavior or personality: a suspicious character.
8. an odd, eccentric, or unusual person.
9. a person represented in a drama, story, etc.
10. a role, as in a play or film.
11. status or capacity: in his character of a justice of the peace.
12. a symbol used in a system of writing: Chinese characters.
13. a significant visual mark or symbol.
14. an account of a person's qualities, abilities, etc.; reference.
15. (in 17th- and 18th-century literature) a sketch of a particular virtue or vice represented in a person or type.
16. any trait, function, structure, or substance of an organism resulting from the effect of one or more genes.
17. any encoded unit of computer-usable data representing a symbol, as a letter, number, or puncuation mark, or a space, carriage return, etc.
18. a cipher or cipher message.
adj.
19. (of a theatrical role) having or requiring eccentric, comedic, ethnic, or other distinctive traits.
20. (of an actor) acting or specializing in such roles.
v.t. Archaic.
21. to portray; describe.
22. to engrave; inscribe.
Idioms:
in (or out of) character,
a. in accord with (or in violation of) one's usual behavior and disposition.
b. in accordance with (or deviating from) behavior appropriate to the role assumed by an actor.
[1275–1325; Middle English caractere < Middle French < Latin charactēr < Greek charaktḗr graving tool, its mark]
char′ac•ter•ful, adj.
char′ac•ter•less, adj.
syn: character, personality refer to the sum of the characteristics possessed by a person. character refers esp. to the moral qualities and ethical standards that make up the inner nature of a person: a man of sterling character. personality refers particularly to outer characteristics, as wittiness or charm, that determine the impression that a person makes upon others: a pleasing personality. See also reputation.

character

, reputation - Character is what one is; reputation is what one is thought to be by others.
See also related terms for reputation.

Character

 

See Also: PERSONAL TRAITS, REPUTATION

  1. As the sun is best seen at its rising and setting, so men’s native dispositions are clearest seen when they are children and when they are dying —Robert Boyle
  2. A character is like an acrostic … read it forward, backward, or across, it still spells the same thing —Ralph Waldo Emerson
  3. Character is like a tree, and reputation like its shadow. The shadow is what we think of it; the tree is the real thing —Abraham Lincoln
  4. Character is like white paper; if once blotted, it can hardly ever be made to appear white as before —Joel Hawes
  5. A character, like a kettle, once mended always wants mending —Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  6. Character, like porcelain ware, must be painted before it is glazed. There can be no change after it is burned in —Henry Ward Beecher
  7. A man of words and not of deeds is like a garden full of weeds. And when the weeds begin to grow, it’s like a garden full of snow —Nursery rhyme

    This dates back to the eighteenth century.

  8. The reputation of a man is like his shadow, gigantic when it precedes him, and pigmy in its proportions when it follows —Alexandre de Talleyrand
  9. Some people, like modern shops, hang everything in their windows and when one goes inside nothing is to be found —Berthold Auerbach
  10. The soundness of his nature was like the pure paste under a fine glaze —Edith Wharton
  11. A vein of iron buried inside her moral frame, like a metal armature inside a clay statue —Carlos Baker
  12. Your moral character must be not only pure, but, like Caesar’s wife, unsuspected —Lord Chesterfield

character

A number, letter, or symbol.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.character - an imaginary person represented in a work of fiction (play or film or story)character - an imaginary person represented in a work of fiction (play or film or story); "she is the main character in the novel"
imaginary being, imaginary creature - a creature of the imagination; a person that exists only in legends or myths or fiction
2.character - a characteristic property that defines the apparent individual nature of something; "each town has a quality all its own"; "the radical character of our demands"
attribute, dimension, property - a construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished; "self-confidence is not an endearing property"
texture - the essential quality of something; "the texture of Neapolitan life"
3.character - the inherent complex of attributes that determines a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions; "education has for its object the formation of character"- Herbert Spencer
trait - a distinguishing feature of your personal nature
personality - the complex of all the attributes--behavioral, temperamental, emotional and mental--that characterize a unique individual; "their different reactions reflected their very different personalities"; "it is his nature to help others"
spirit - a fundamental emotional and activating principle determining one's character
thoughtfulness - the trait of thinking carefully before acting
responsibleness, responsibility - a form of trustworthiness; the trait of being answerable to someone for something or being responsible for one's conduct; "he holds a position of great responsibility"
integrity - moral soundness; "he expects to find in us the common honesty and integrity of men of business"; "they admired his scrupulous professional integrity"
4.character - an actor's portrayal of someone in a play; "she played the part of Desdemona"
personation, portrayal, characterization, enactment - acting the part of a character on stage; dramatically representing the character by speech and action and gesture
bit part, minor role - a small role
heavy - a serious (or tragic) role in a play
hero - the principal character in a play or movie or novel or poem
ingenue - the role of an innocent artless young woman in a play
name part, title role - the role of the character after whom the play is named
heroine - the main good female character in a work of fiction
baddie, villain - the principal bad character in a film or work of fiction
5.character - a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities)character - a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities); "a real character"; "a strange character"; "a friendly eccentric"; "the capable type"; "a mental case"
adult, grownup - a fully developed person from maturity onward
6.character - good repute; "he is a man of character"
reputation, repute - the state of being held in high esteem and honor
7.character - a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability; "requests for character references are all too often answered evasively"
good word, recommendation, testimonial - something that recommends (or expresses commendation of) a person or thing as worthy or desirable
8.character - a written symbol that is used to represent speechcharacter - a written symbol that is used to represent speech; "the Greek alphabet has 24 characters"
printed symbol, written symbol - a written or printed symbol
allograph - a variant form of a grapheme, as `m' or `M' or a handwritten version of that grapheme
check character - a character that is added to the end of a block of transmitted data and used to check the accuracy of the transmission
superscript, superior - a character or symbol set or printed or written above and immediately to one side of another character
subscript, inferior - a character or symbol set or printed or written beneath or slightly below and to the side of another character
ASCII character - any member of the standard code for representing characters by binary numbers
ligature - character consisting of two or more letters combined into one
capital letter, majuscule, uppercase, upper-case letter, capital - one of the large alphabetic characters used as the first letter in writing or printing proper names and sometimes for emphasis; "printers once kept the type for capitals and for small letters in separate cases; capitals were kept in the upper half of the type case and so became known as upper-case letters"
lowercase, lower-case letter, minuscule, small letter - the characters that were once kept in bottom half of a compositor's type case
type - printed characters; "small type is hard to read"
percent sign, percentage sign - a sign (`%') used to indicate that the number preceding it should be understood as a proportion multiplied by 100
asterisk, star - a star-shaped character * used in printing
dagger, obelisk - a character used in printing to indicate a cross reference or footnote
diesis, double dagger, double obelisk - a character used in printing to indicate a cross reference or footnote
alphabetic character, letter of the alphabet, letter - the conventional characters of the alphabet used to represent speech; "his grandmother taught him his letters"
blank, space - a blank character used to separate successive words in writing or printing; "he said the space is the most important character in the alphabet"
phonetic symbol - a written character used in phonetic transcription of represent a particular speech sound
mathematical symbol - a character that is used to indicates a mathematical relation or operation
rune, runic letter - any character from an ancient Germanic alphabet used in Scandinavia from the 3rd century to the Middle Ages; "each rune had its own magical significance"
pictograph - a graphic character used in picture writing
ideogram, ideograph - a graphic character that indicates the meaning of a thing without indicating the sounds used to say it; "Chinese characters are ideograms"
radical - a character conveying the lexical meaning of a logogram
stenograph - a shorthand character
9.character - (genetics) an attribute (structural or functional) that is determined by a gene or group of genes
attribute - an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of an entity
unit character - (genetics) a character inherited on an all-or-none basis and dependent on the presence of a single gene
genetic science, genetics - the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
Verb1.character - engrave or inscribe characters on
engrave, inscribe, grave, scratch - carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface; "engrave a pen"; "engraved the trophy cupt with the winner's"; "the lovers scratched their names into the bark of the tree"

character

noun
1. personality, nature, make-up, cast, constitution, bent, attributes, temper, temperament, complexion, disposition, individuality, marked traits There is a side to his character which you haven't seen yet.
2. nature, kind, quality, constitution, calibre Moscow's reforms were socialist in character.
3. (Informal) person, sort, individual, type, guy (informal), fellow What an unpleasant character he is!
4. reputation, honour, integrity, good name, rectitude, uprightness He's begun a series of attacks on my character.
5. courage, resolution, determination, guts (informal), pluck, grit, bravery, backbone, fortitude, staying power, strength of mind, dauntlessness She showed real character in her refusal to give up.
6. role, part, persona He plays the film's central character.
7. eccentric, card (informal), original, nut (slang), flake (slang, chiefly U.S.), oddity, oddball (informal), odd bod (informal), queer fish (Brit. informal), wacko or whacko (informal) He'll be sadly missed. He was a real character.
8. symbol, mark, sign, letter, figure, type, device, logo, emblem, rune, cipher, hieroglyph Chinese characters inscribed on a plaque
Quotations
"Genius is formed in quiet, character in the stream of human life" [Goethe Torquato Tasso]
"Character is much easier kept than recovered" [Thomas Paine The American Crisis]
"A man's character is his fate" [Heraclitus On the Universe]
"Character is like a tree and reputation like its shadow. The shadow is what we think of it; the tree is the real thing" [Abraham Lincoln]
"Fate and character are the same concept" [Novalis Heinrich von Ofterdingen]

character

noun
1. The combination of emotional, intellectual, and moral qualities that distinguishes an individual:
2. Moral or ethical strength:
4. A statement attesting to personal qualifications, character, and dependability:
5. Public estimation of someone:
Informal: rep.
7. A person who is appealingly odd or curious:
Informal: card, oddball.
8. A person portrayed in fiction or drama:
9. A conventional mark used in a writing system:
Translations
حَرْفٌ هِجائيسُمْعَه، شُهْرَهشَخْصٌ غَريبُ الأطْوارشَخْصِيَّةشَخْصِيَّه
postavaznakcharakterčíslopísmeno
karakterrolleryrygteskikkelse
hahmoluonneluonteenpiirremerkkihenkilö
karakterlik
karakterbetűjellem
persónaskapfestaskapgerî, lundernifurîufugl, sérkennilegurletur
特質登場人物
등장인물특성
apibūdinimasapibūdintiasmenybėbruožasbūdingas
burtspersonāžspersonībarakstu zīmeraksturīgas iezīmes
personaj
zvláštny človek
oseba v igriznačaj
karakterkarakteristikalikosobina
karaktärpersonlighetrolltecken
ตัวละครอุปนิสัย
karakterkişiliknamşöhrettakdir edilecek bir özellik
đặc điểmnhân vật

character

[ˈkærɪktəʳ]
A. N
1. (= nature) [of thing] → carácter m, naturaleza f; [of person] → carácter m, personalidad f
a man of good characterun hombre de buena reputación
to bear a good charactertener buena reputación
that is more in character for himeso es más típico de él
his sudden concern for me was completely out of character (for him)su inesperado interés por mí no era nada típico de él
2. (in novel, play) (= person) → personaje m; (= role) → papel m
chief characterprotagonista mf
3. (= energy, determination) → carácter m
a man of characterun hombre de carácter
he lacks characterle falta carácter
4. (= person) → tipo/a m/f, individuo/a m/f
he's a very odd characteres un tipo muy raro
he's quite a characteres todo un personaje
5. (Comput, Typ, Bio) → carácter m
B. CPD character actor Nactor m de carácter
character actress Nactriz f de carácter
character assassination Ndifamación f
character code N (Comput) → código m de caracteres
character part N (Theat) → papel m de carácter
character reference Ninforme m, referencia f
character set N (Typ) → juego m de caracteres
character sketch Nesbozo m de carácter
character space N (Typ) → espacio m (de carácter)

character

[ˈkærɪktər] n
(= nature) [person] → caractère m; [thing] → nature f
Give me some idea of his character → Décris-moi un peu son caractère.
to be in character (= typical) [behaviour]
The diplomat's actions had been entirely in character → Les actions du diplomate avaient été tout à son image.
It was quite in character for Rachel to put her baby first → C'était tout à l'image de Rachel de faire passer son bébé avant tout le reste.
out of character (= not typical) [behaviour]
The frank confession is out of character for a man who guards his private life jealously → La confession sans détour ne ressemble pas à un homme qui protège jalousement sa vie privée., Cette confession sans détour est inattendue de la part d'un homme qui protège jalousement sa vie privée.
to be out of character for sb to do sth → ne pas ressembler à qn de faire qch
a person of good character (LAW) (= with no criminal record) → une personne sans casier judiciaire
a man of previous good character (LAW)un homme au casier judiciaire vierge
(in novel, film)personnage m
the character played by Depardieu → le personnage joué par Depardieu
(= eccentric) → numéro m, phénomène m
She's quite a character → C'est un drôle de numéro.
[house, village] → caractère m
to have character [house, place] → avoir du cachet
(also strength of character) → force f de caractère
it takes character to do sth → il faut une grande force de caractère pour faire qch
(= letter) [alphabet] → lettre fcharacter actor nacteur/trice m/f de genrecharacter actress nactrice f de genrecharacter assassination ndiffamation fcharacter-building [ˈkærɪktərbɪldɪŋ] adj [activity] → qui forge le caractère
to be character-building → forger le caractèrecharacter code n (COMPUTING)code m de caractèrecharacter development n (= characterization) (in a novel, play, film)traitement m des personnages

character

n
(= nature)Charakter m; (of people)Wesen nt no pl, → Wesensart f; there’s quite a difference in character between themsie sind wesensmäßig sehr verschieden; to be in character for somebodytypisch für jdn sein; it is out of character for him to behave like thatsolches Benehmen ist untypisch für ihn; it’s out of character for him to do thates ist eigentlich nicht seine Art, so etwas zu tun; to be of good/bad characterein guter/schlechter Mensch sein
no pl (= strength of character)Charakter m; a man of characterein Mann von Charakter
no pl (= individuality, of towns etc) → Charakter m; (of person)Persönlichkeit f; she/it has no charactersie/es hat keine eigene Note; her face is full of charactersie hat ein Charaktergesicht
(in novel) → (Roman)figur f, → (Roman)gestalt f; (Theat) → Gestalt f
(= person in public life)Persönlichkeit f, → Gestalt f; (= original person)Original nt; (inf: = person) → Typ m (inf), → Type f (inf)
(= reference)Zeugnis nt
(Typ, Comput) → Zeichen nt; (Chinese etc also) → Schriftzeichen nt; to type 100 characters per minute100 Anschläge pro Minute machen; Gothic charactersgotische Schrift

character

in cpds (Theat) → Charakter-;
character actor
character assassination
nRufmord m

character

:
character map
n (Comput) → Zeichentabelle f
character mapping
n (Comput) → Zeichenbelegung f
character part
character reference
nReferenz f
character set
n (Comput) → Zeichensatz m
character sketch
nCharakterstudie f
character space
n (Comput) → Zeichenplatz m
character string
n (Comput) → Zeichenkette f
character witness
n (Jur) → Leumundszeuge m, → Leumundszeugin f

character

[ˈkærɪktəʳ] n (gen) (Comput) → carattere m; (in novel, play, film) → personaggio; (eccentric) → originale m
a man of character → un uomo di polso
a person of good character → una persona a modo
it's quite in/out of character for him to be rude → è/non è nella sua natura essere maleducato
he's quite a character → è un tipo originale
Gothic characters → caratteri gotici

character

(ˈkӕrəktə) noun
1. the set of qualities that make someone or something different from others; type. You can tell a man's character from his handwriting; Publicity of this character is not good for the firm.
2. a set of qualities that are considered admirable in some way. He showed great character in dealing with the danger.
3. reputation. They tried to damage his character.
4. a person in a play, novel etc. Rosencrantz is a minor character in Shakespeare's `Hamlet'.
5. an odd or amusing person. This fellow's quite a character!
6. a letter used in typing etc. Some characters on this typewriter are broken.
ˌcharacterˈistic adjective
(negative uncharacteristic) typical (of a person etc). He spoke with characteristic shyness; That kind of behaviour is characteristic of him.
noun
a typical quality. It is one of his characteristics to be obstinate.
ˌcharacteˈristically adverb
ˈcharacterize, ˈcharacterise verb
1. to be the obvious feature of. The giraffe is characterized by its long neck.
2. to describe (as). She characterized him as weak and indecisive.
ˌcharacteriˈzation, ˌcharacteriˈsation noun

character

شَخْصِيَّة charakter, postava karakter, rolle Charakter, Figur χαρακτήρας carácter, personaje hahmo, luonne personnage karakter, lik carattere, personaggio 特質, 登場人物 등장인물, 특성 karakter, personage egenskap, rolle charakter, postać caráter, personagem персонаж, характер personlighet, roll ตัวละคร, อุปนิสัย karakter đặc điểm, nhân vật 人物, 特征

char·ac·ter

1. n. carácter;
2. calidad, naturaleza;
[actor, actress in a play or movie] personaje.
___ disordertrastorno del ___.
References in classic literature ?
So Laurie did his best, and sang delightfully, being in a particularly lively humor, for to the Marches he seldom showed the moody side of his character.
It lies in fact in my character, which has, if you think about it, many strange turns.
He was, I had discovered, parsimonious about small expenditures-- a trait absolutely inconsistent with his general character.
She never realized that the reserve of her own character had much, perhaps everything, to do with this.
Few men exhibit greater diversity, or, if we may so express it, greater antithesis of character, than the native warrior of North America.
I can trust his word and I can trust his work; he is gentle and clever with the horses, and I would rather have them in charge with him than with half the young fellows I know of in laced hats and liveries; and whoever wants a character of James Howard," said John, with a decided jerk of his head, "let them come to John Manly.
It has been my aim to make the character of "Magdalen," which personifies this struggle, a pathetic character even in its perversity and its error; and I have tried hard to attain this result by the least obtrusive and the least artificial of all means -- by a resolute adherence throughout to the truth as it is in Nature.
Nothing can be more dangerous for the fame of a professor of the fine arts, than to permit(if he can possibly prevent it) the character of a mannerist to be attached to him, or that he should be supposed capable of success only in a particular and limited style.
Persons of this character will proceed to an examination of the plan submitted by the convention, not only without a disposition to find or to magnify faults; but will see the propriety of reflecting, that a faultless plan was not to be expected.
A prince is also respected when he is either a true friend or a downright enemy, that is to say, when, without any reservation, he declares himself in favour of one party against the other; which course will always be more advantageous than standing neutral; because if two of your powerful neighbours come to blows, they are of such a character that, if one of them conquers, you have either to fear him or not.
THE SOCIAL CONDITION AND GENERAL CHARACTER OF THE TYPEES
They have all, long since, given place to other buildings of a more pretending character.