chemical element


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Noun1.chemical element - any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
substance - the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists; "DNA is the substance of our genes"
atom - (physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
allotrope - a structurally different form of an element; "graphite and diamond are allotropes of carbon"
transuranic element - any element having an atomic number greater than 92 (which is the atomic number of uranium); all are radioactive
argonon, inert gas, noble gas - any of the chemically inert gaseous elements of the helium group in the periodic table
metal, metallic element - any of several chemical elements that are usually shiny solids that conduct heat or electricity and can be formed into sheets etc.
nonmetal - a chemical element lacking typical metallic properties
transactinide - any of the artificially produced elements with atomic numbers greater than 103
Ac, actinium, atomic number 89 - a radioactive element of the actinide series; found in uranium ores
Ar, argon, atomic number 18 - a colorless and odorless inert gas; one of the six inert gases; comprises approximately 1% of the earth's atmosphere
As, atomic number 33, arsenic - a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar
astatine, At, atomic number 85 - a highly unstable radioactive element (the heaviest of the halogen series); a decay product of uranium and thorium
atomic number 107, Bh, bohrium, element 107 - a transuranic element
atomic number 5, boron, B - a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder
atomic number 35, Br, bromine - a nonmetallic heavy volatile corrosive dark brown liquid element belonging to the halogens; found in sea water
atomic number 6, carbon, C - an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds
atomic number 17, chlorine, Cl - a common nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; best known as a heavy yellow irritating toxic gas; used to purify water and as a bleaching agent and disinfectant; occurs naturally only as a salt (as in sea water)
atomic number 110, darmstadtium, Ds, element 110 - a radioactive transuranic element
atomic number 105, Db, dubnium, element 105, hahnium - a transuranic element
atomic number 9, fluorine, F - a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
atomic number 32, Ge, germanium - a brittle grey crystalline element that is a semiconducting metalloid (resembling silicon) used in transistors; occurs in germanite and argyrodite
atomic number 108, element 108, hassium, Hs - a radioactive transuranic element
atomic number 2, He, helium - a very light colorless element that is one of the six inert gasses; the most difficult gas to liquefy; occurs in economically extractable amounts in certain natural gases (as those found in Texas and Kansas)
atomic number 1, H, hydrogen - a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
atomic number 53, I, iodin, iodine - a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks)
atomic number 36, Kr, krypton - a colorless element that is one of the six inert gasses; occurs in trace amounts in air
atomic number 103, lawrencium, Lr - a radioactive transuranic element synthesized from californium
atomic number 109, element 109, meitnerium, Mt - a radioactive transuranic element
atomic number 101, Md, mendelevium, Mv - a radioactive transuranic element synthesized by bombarding einsteinium with alpha particles (Md is the current symbol for mendelevium but Mv was formerly the symbol)
atomic number 10, Ne, neon - a colorless odorless gaseous element that give a red glow in a vacuum tube; one of the six inert gasses; occurs in the air in small amounts
atomic number 7, N, nitrogen - a common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues
Translations
alkuaine
élément chimique
kemijski element
chemisch elementscheikundig element
grundämne
References in classic literature ?
Since the battle of Borodino and the pillage of Moscow it had borne within itself, as it were, the chemical elements of dissolution.
how the differences between different chemical elements can be accounted for by differences of physical structure, the constituents of the structure being electrons which are exactly alike in all kinds of matter.
What connection do the books show between the fifty or sixty chemical elements and the historical eras?
Which is the only chemical element where its atomic number is equal to exactly twice its calculated sum?
BQ = Chemical element concentration in oyster / Chemical element concentration in water
The aim of the research study, in this paper, is to study the quantitative and qualitative influence of the chemical elements contained in the thin steel sheets on the elongation and to establish a regression equation which can reflect better the dependence between parameters.
This model had one additional advantage: it allowed the chemical element dynamics in litters of different decomposition rates to be compared directly.
His best-known work, Il sistema periodico (1975; Periodic Table, The), is a collection of 21 meditations, each named for a chemical element, on the analogies between the physical, chemical, and moral spheres.
A chemist by profession, Levi gained international attention with his final volume of autobiography, II sistema periodico (1975; translated as The Periodic Table, 1984), a brilliant tour de force consisting of twenty - one imaginative pieces, each named after a chemical element, probing personal, social, and political experiences.
Providing a powerful research tool for astronomers, the new dating technique is based on relatively simple measurements of a single chemical element, lithium.
1 : a heavy silvery white metallic chemical element that rusts easily, is strongly attracted by magnets, occurs in meteorites and combined in minerals, and is necessary for transporting oxygen in the blood
Which chemical element is the main constituent of pewter?

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