chemical potential

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chemical potential

n
(Chemistry) a thermodynamic function of a substance in a system that is the partial differential of the Gibbs function of the system with respect to the number of moles of the substance. Symbol: μ
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A state of equilibrium is generally achieved by balancing temperatures, pressures and chemical potentials and in this case especially by complete solvent evaporation during the solidification of the flying jet.
As a consequence, the chemical potentials of the counter ions in the elastomeric matrix containing sodium polyacrylate powder are higher than those of the counter ions in the aqueous solution outside the elastomeric matrix.
The new generalized equation equated the change in total energy to the sum of the terms of the prime equation and the products of the chemical potentials and changes in mass of every component measured.
Calculated phase equilibria involving chemical potentials to investigate the textural evolution of metamorphic rokcs.
The equation has the same form as that of the Anderson-Schultz-Flory (ASF) product distribution, albeit with a two parameter model--the two parameters being the chemical potentials of C and H in the system.
Here the coarse non-equilibrium quantities of G have the following meaning: a temperature [THETA], the molar enthalpies h, and the chemical potentials [mu] of the components in G are up to now only symbols which have to be defined later.
Because Flory's original article [30] is for a binary diluted system, we used the equations for the calculation of chemical potentials given by Young et al.
1] are respectively residual chemical potentials of [A.
When two phases are in equilibrium, their chemical potentials are equal.
The procedure for obtaining those specific volumes and chemical potentials from the solubility measurements and PVT data of neat polymers is also established.
The equilibrium between vapor and liquid phases is determined by equating the chemical potentials.

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