chemoautotroph

(redirected from chemoautotrophic)
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che·mo·au·to·troph

 (kē′mō-ô′tə-trŏf′, -trōf′, kĕm′ō-)
che′mo·au′to·troph′ic adj.
che′mo·au·tot′ro·phy (-ô-tŏt′rə-fē) n.

chemoautotroph

(ˌkiːməʊˈɔːtəˌtrəʊf)
n
an organism that obtains energy through chemoautotrophy
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References in periodicals archive ?
Chemoautotrophic bacteria, including the sulfide-oxidizing bacteria Thiobacilli and Acidimicrobium ferrooxidans, are the base of the food web of this cave (Roach et al.
The strong dominance of olenids in sea-floor environments that were poor in oxygen but rich in sulphur suggested to Fortey (2000) that they may have been chemoautotrophic symbionts.
The effect of 2-chloro, 6-(trichlormethyl) pyridine on the chemoautotrophic metabolism of nitrifying bacteria.
From volcanic origins of chemoautotrophic life to Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
In this study, the double domain BMC protein CsoS1D from the chemoautotrophic sulfur bacterium Halothiobacillus neapolitanus was expressed recombinantly and used to generate a polyclonal antibody.
Chemoautotrophic microbes (bacteria and archaea) have been found in deep-ocean sediments and at hydrothermal vents, where hot water flows out through newly formed volcanic rock at mid-ocean ridges.
Evidence for chemoautotrophic symbiosis in a Mediterranean cold seep clam (Bivalvia: Lucinidae): comparative sequence analysis of bacterial 16S rRNA, APS reductase and RubisCO genes.
Robinson (2005) notes that the earliest and most basic forms of life forms are the Archaea (most chemoautotrophic single-celled organisms which are very resistant and can thrive in harsh conditions), Bacteria (single-celled organisms with complex cell walls) and Eukaryotes (organisms made up of cells with nuclei, that is, their DNA is walled off in a separate compartment of the cell).
Russell, "On the Origins of Cells: A Hypothesis for the Evolutionary Transitions from Abiotic Geochemistry to Chemoautotrophic Prokaryotes, and from Prokaryotes to Nucleated Cells," Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 358 (2003): 59-85.
Consequently, since we had found that chemoautotrophic nitrification was the predominant nitrifying process in these acid pasture soils (Islam et al.
They present different feeding modes (carnivores, herbivores, omnivores, deposit-feeders, symbiotic chemoautotrophic bacteria), this plasticity could be the reason of their success in many environments (Beesley et al.
In Thiobacillus ferrooxidans, an acidophilic chemoautotrophic bacterium sensitive to mercury ions, a group of mercury-resistant strains, which volatilize mercury, has been isolated.