The expansion of gene families related to immune recognition, endocytosis and caspase-mediated apoptosis indicates the mussel's adaptation to the presence of chemoautotrophic
endosymbionts in its gills.
Long-term cultivation of the deep-sea clam Calyptogena okutanii: changes in the abundance of chemoautotrophic
symbiont, elemental sulfur, and mucus.
4] following which 1 mL of the last three dilutions were transferred to Petri plates containing culture media for heterotrophic bacteria (Plate Count Agar; PCA), chemoautotrophic
bacteria (specific culture media), and Vibrio (Thiosulfate Citrate Bile Salt Sucrose; TCBS).
Some other source of carbon is possible, such as carbon fixation by chemoautotrophic
bacteria or Archaea, such as nitrifiers, but the amounts are also likely to be small (Miltner et al.
Thus, the growth of strain KOR-1 is common among members of the genus Methanobacterium, considering the strain as chemoautotrophic
From volcanic origins of chemoautotrophic
life to Bacteria, Archaea and Eukarya.
Other species of benthic mollusc are able to utilise sulphur in anoxic sediments as an energy source as they contain symbiotic chemoautotrophic
sulphur-oxidising bacteria, but these are not present in members of the Penicillidae (Morton 2002).
bacteria, including the sulfide-oxidizing bacteria Thiobacilli and Acidimicrobium ferrooxidans, are the base of the food web of this cave (Roach et al.
The strong dominance of olenids in sea-floor environments that were poor in oxygen but rich in sulphur suggested to Fortey (2000) that they may have been chemoautotrophic
The effect of 2-chloro, 6-(trichlormethyl) pyridine on the chemoautotrophic
metabolism of nitrifying bacteria.
Studies on the chemoautotrophic
iron bacterium Acidithiobacillus ferooxidans.
The addition of this consortium was combined with a compound of chemoautotrophic
bacteria, Nitrosomonas spp.