chemokine


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Related to chemokine: cytokine, interleukin, Chemokine receptor

che·mo·kine

 (kē′mō-kīn′, kĕm′ō-)
n.
Any of various chemotactic cytokines that are released by several cell types and act to attract monocytes, neutrophils, and other white blood cells to sites of injury or inflammation.

chemokine

(ˈkiːməʊˌkaɪn)
n
a type of protein produced during inflammation that activates white blood cells
References in periodicals archive ?
Background and Objective: Atypical chemokine receptor 1(ACKR1) represents an atypical chemokine receptor that can bind promiscuously to various chemokines.
Atypical chemokine receptor 1 has become a focus of research because of its diverse roles in different diseases.
Global Markets Direct's, 'C-C Chemokine Receptor Type 5 (C-C CKR-5 or CHEMR13 or HIV-1 Fusion Coreceptor or CD195 or CCR5) - Pipeline Review, H1 2016', provides in depth analysis on C-C Chemokine Receptor Type 5 (C-C CKR-5 or CHEMR13 or HIV-1 Fusion Coreceptor or CD195 or CCR5) targeted pipeline therapeutics.
Recent studies have described all four subtypes of Gq/11 coupled GPCRs, including the muscarinic 1,3, and 5 (M1, M3, and M5) receptors; bombesin receptor, vasopressin receptor, endothelin receptor, thyrotropin-releasing hormone receptor (TRHR), gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRHR), membrane estrogen receptor (mER), chemokine receptors, adrenergic receptors ([alpha]1AR), and angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT(1)R) [11-13].
4) UL128 protein is one of the analogous encoded by HCMV, which has similar amino acid sequences to the human CC chemokine.
Results: Three proteins were identified, of which the proinflammatory chemokine CC chemokine ligand 3 (CCL3) and cytokine TNF-a were downregulated and the antiinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 receptor antagonist was upregulated.
Stimulation with tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-[alpha]) and interferon-gamma (IFN-[gamma] caused a significant increase in the production of the following chemokines: thymus- and activation- regulated chemokine (TARCJ/CCL17; macrophage-derived chemokine (MDQ/CCL22; regulated on activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTESJ/CCL5; and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in HaCaT cells.
One major chemokine subfamily is called "CXC" because the two amino acids nearest the N-termini of these proteins are separated by a single amino acid.
Up to now more than 50 different chemokines and 20 chemokine receptors have been introduced in humans.
The study, performed in mouse models for asthma research, showed that the synthetic sulfate monosaccharide blocks the interaction between chemokine CCL20-a T-cell signaling protein and heparin sulfate, a molecule that protects and immobilizes CCL20 on epithelial cells in the lung.
This initiation follows the approval from Israeli health authorities for Immune Pharmaceuticals Ltd's lead drug, bertilimumab, a first-in-class fully human monoclonal antibody targeting eotaxin-1, a chemokine small protein regulating eosinophilic inflammation.
Through some difficult laboratory techniques, we found that these genes were instructing the chemokine proteins.
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