Also found in: Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to chemolithoautotroph: Chemoheterotroph


 (chē′mō-lĭth′ō-ô′tə-trŏf′, -trōf′, kĕm′ō-)
A chemosynthetic organism that obtains energy from the oxidation of inorganic compounds and uses carbon dioxide as its sole source of carbon for growth. Also called chemoautotroph, chemolithotroph.

che′mo·lith′o·au′to·troph′ic adj.
che′mo·lith′o·au·tot′ro·phy (-ô-tŏt′rə-fē) n.
References in periodicals archive ?
crunogena is an obligate chemolithoautotroph found in deep sea hydrothermal vents in the East Pacific Rise.
fumarii, an obligate chemolithoautotroph, is able to survive on inorganic chemicals, hydrogen, and carbon dioxide.
Nitrification bacteria are generally considered to be obligate chemolithoautotrophs, which means that nitrification is their only source of energy and they can only acquire C through fixation.
Such a lake would provide perfect conditions for simple microbial life such as chemolithoautotrophs to thrive in.
In contrast, the lake in Gale Crater could have supported a simple class of rock-eating microbes, known as chemolithoautotrophs, which on Earth are commonly found in caves and hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor, Grotzinger said.