The clinical presentation of RB includes leucocoria, strabismus, conjunctival chemosis
, proptosis, and even blindness, which are attributed to late presentation and diagnosis.
There was no documented hyphaema or chemosis
of the eye, but there was conjunctivitis.
In addition, he had binocular palpebral edema, proptosis, chemosis
, lagophthalmos, and ocular motility disorder.
On examination there was only bilateral exophthalmos with marked chemosis
A 6-year-old male greater rhea (Rhea americana) presented acutely with right infraorbital sinus swelling and Chemosis
Common complications were a tonic pupil, subconjunctival haemorrhage, chemosis
, weakness of recti and diplopia.
The oedema may be of the eyelids or Chemosis
of the conjunctiva itself.
Physical exam revealed right mandibular pain and swelling, bilateral chemosis
, impairment of right eye abduction, and vertical gaze (Figure 1).
The conjunctivae were hyperemic, and chemosis
and caruncular edema were apparent in the right eye.
, blepharospasm, ocular discharge, conjunctival hyperemia, corneal opacity/ edema, graft retention, and neovascularization were graded as absent, mild, moderate, or severe (GODOY-ESTEVEZ et al.
2] Clinical reports have shown that contact with PPD leads to irritation of skin, dermatitis, arthritis, asthma, conjunctivitis, chemosis
, exophthalmos, lacrimation, and even permanent blindness.
, edema of conjunctiva in 2 animals were treated by subconjuctival injections of Prednisolone along with Betnosol (a) eye drops.