Major organization : FEDERAL STATE INSTITUTION "FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION" CHERNOZEM
"FEDERAL ROAD AGENCY"
belonging to Prunus genus, are also popular in the Central Chernozem
At present, the main soil type of the area is classified as a calcic chernozem
(Neubauer et al.
Tillage changes microbial biomass and enzyme activities in particle-size fractions of a Haplic Chernozem
Ukraine's black earth - the chernozem
- is an amazingly deep, fertile soil whose prodigiously productive capacity led the country to be christened the bread basket of Europe", begins the article on agriculture in Ukraine.
Campbell CA, Bowren KE, Schnitzer M, Zentner RP, Townley-Smith L (1991) Effect of crop rotations and fertilization on soil biochemical properties in a thick Black Chernozem
Belova, 1993, "The extinction of some perennial grass vegetation and the degradation of chernozem
due to anthropozoogenial factors, in some steppes of Ukrainian USSR", In S Wicherek (Ed) Farmland Eroision: In Temperate Plains and Hills.
Russia has tens of millions of hectares (acres) of chernozem
, or black earth, considered a dream soil because of its richness in humus, which is formed by the decomposition of plant matter by micro-organisms.
For example, a Luvisol and Chernozem
may each contain a Bm horizon, but the Bm in the Luvisol has different characteristics from those seen in the Bm of a Chernozem
48 Scientifically speaking, chernozem
and podzol are two types of what?
the Brown Forest Soils of temperate-humid regions and the Chernozem
or Black Earth Steppe Soil of semi-humid regions).
First, the phenomenal fertility of the chernozem
soils in Tambov Oblast leads to a very low payback on fertiliser application: calculations show that a farmer can break even on fertiliser costs if 1 kg of nutrient material increases the yield by 7-9 kg per hectare.