chestnut

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chestnut
American chestnut
Castanea dentata

chest·nut

 (chĕs′nŭt′, -nət)
n.
1.
a. Any of several deciduous trees of the genus Castanea native to northern temperate regions, having alternate simple toothed leaves, and nuts that are enclosed in a prickly husk.
b. The often edible nut of any of these trees.
c. The wood of any of these trees.
2. Any of several other plants, such as the horse chestnut.
3. A moderate to deep reddish brown.
4. A reddish-brown horse.
5. A small hard callus on the inner surface of a horse's foreleg.
6. An old, frequently repeated joke, story, or song.
adj.
Of a moderate to deep reddish brown.

[Earlier chesten (from Middle English chesteine, from Old French chastaigne, from Latin castanea, from Greek kastaneā, chestnut tree, from kastana, chestnuts; akin to Armenian kask, chestnut, both Greek and Armenian probably being of substrate origin) + nut. Noun, sense 6, perhaps in reference to unpalatability of stale chestnuts, or to the play The Broken Sword (1816) by British playwright William Dimond (c.1784-1837?), in which one character begins to tell an anecdote involving a cork oak, and another interrupts him by exclaiming Chestnut! and says that in twenty-six previous tellings of the same anecdote, the tree had been a chestnut.]

chestnut

(ˈtʃɛsˌnʌt)
n
1. (Plants) any N temperate fagaceous tree of the genus Castanea, such as C. sativa (sweet or Spanish chestnut), which produce flowers in long catkins and nuts in a prickly bur. Compare horse chestnut, water chestnut, dwarf chestnut
2. (Cookery) the edible nut of any of these trees
3. (Forestry) the hard wood of any of these trees, used in making furniture, etc
4. (Colours)
a. a reddish-brown to brown colour
b. (as adjective): chestnut hair.
5. (Horse Training, Riding & Manège) a horse of a yellow-brown or golden-brown colour
6. (Zoology) a small horny callus on the inner surface of a horse's leg
7. informal an old or stale joke
[C16: from earlier chesten nut: chesten, from Old French chastaigne, from Latin castanea, from Greek kastanea]

chest•nut

(ˈtʃɛsˌnʌt, -nət)

n.
1. any of several tall trees of the genus Castanea, of the beech family, bearing edible nuts enclosed in a prickly bur, as C. sativa, of Europe, and C.dentata, an American tree virtually destroyed by chestnut blight.
2. the edible nut of such a tree.
3. the wood of any of these trees.
4. any fruit or tree resembling the chestnut, as the horse chestnut.
5. reddish brown.
6. a stale joke, anecdote, etc.
7. the callosity on the inner side of a horse's leg.
8. a horse having a reddish brown or brown body with mane and tail of the same or a lighter color.
adj.
9. reddish brown.
[1350–1400; earlier chesten nut, Middle English chesten, Old English cysten chestnut tree (< Latin castanea < Greek kastanéa) + nut]
chest′nut`ty, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chestnut - wood of any of various chestnut trees of the genus Castaneachestnut - wood of any of various chestnut trees of the genus Castanea
chestnut tree, chestnut - any of several attractive deciduous trees yellow-brown in autumn; yield a hard wood and edible nuts in a prickly bur
wood - the hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees
2.chestnut - any of several attractive deciduous trees yellow-brown in autumnchestnut - any of several attractive deciduous trees yellow-brown in autumn; yield a hard wood and edible nuts in a prickly bur
chestnut - edible nut of any of various chestnut trees of the genus Castanea
Castanea, genus Castanea - chestnuts; chinkapins
chestnut - wood of any of various chestnut trees of the genus Castanea
American chestnut, American sweet chestnut, Castanea dentata - large tree found from Maine to Alabama
Castanea sativa, European chestnut, Spanish chestnut, sweet chestnut - wild or cultivated throughout southern Europe, northwestern Africa and southwestern Asia
Castanea mollissima, Chinese chestnut - a small tree with small sweet nuts; wild or naturalized in Korea and China
Castanea crenata, Japanese chestnut - a spreading tree of Japan that has a short trunk
Allegheny chinkapin, Castanea pumila, dwarf chestnut, eastern chinquapin, chinquapin - shrubby chestnut tree of southeastern United States having small edible nuts
Castanea ozarkensis, chinquapin, Ozark chinkapin, Ozark chinquapin - shrubby tree closely related to the Allegheny chinkapin but with larger leaves; southern midwestern United States
tree - a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown; includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms
3.chestnut - edible nut of any of various chestnut trees of the genus Castanea
edible nut - a hard-shelled seed consisting of an edible kernel or meat enclosed in a woody or leathery shell
chestnut tree, chestnut - any of several attractive deciduous trees yellow-brown in autumn; yield a hard wood and edible nuts in a prickly bur
4.chestnut - the brown color of chestnuts
brown, brownness - an orange of low brightness and saturation
5.chestnut - a small horny callus on the inner surface of a horse's leg
callus - bony tissue formed during the healing of a fractured bone
6.chestnut - a dark golden-brown or reddish-brown horse
Equus caballus, horse - solid-hoofed herbivorous quadruped domesticated since prehistoric times
Adj.1.chestnut - (of hair or feathers) of a golden brown to reddish brown color; "a chestnut horse"; "chestnut hair"
chromatic - being or having or characterized by hue
Translations
كَسْتَناءكَسْتَنائي اللوننُكْتَةٌ قَديمَهحِصانٌ كَسْتَنائي اللوْن
kaštankaštanovéotřepaný vtippříběhhnědák
kastanjekastanjebrungammel traver
kastanjaraudikkorautias
kesten
gesztenyepejsárgaszakállas vicc
gömul lummajarpur hesturkastaníubrúnn, rauîbrúnnkastaníuhneta
クリ
castaneaspadix
bėriskaštonaskaštoninisnuvalkiotas anekdotas
bērs zirgskastaņbrūnskastanisnodrāzts joks/anekdote
gaštanhnedákstarý vtip
kostanj
kastanj
ลูกเกาลัด
bayat şaka/öyküdoru atkestanekestane ağacıkızıl
hạt dẻ

chestnut

[ˈtʃesnʌt]
A. N
1. (= fruit) → castaña f; (= tree, colour) → castaño m
2. (= horse) → caballo m castaño
3. (= story) → historia f
not that old chestnut!¡ya estamos con la misma historia de siempre!
B. ADJ (also chestnut brown) [hair] → (de color) castaño inv
C. CPD chestnut tree Ncastaño m

chestnut

[ˈtʃɛsnʌt]
n
(edible)marron m
We have turkey with chestnuts → Nous mangeons de la dinde aux marrons.
an old chestnut (= idea) → une vieille rengaine (= joke) → une plaisanterie usée
(also chestnut tree) → châtaignier m
(= colour) → châtain m
adj
[hair] → châtain inv
[horse] → alezan(e)chest of drawers [ˌtʃɛstəvˈdrɔːz] ncommode fchest pains npldouleurs fpl de poitrine

chestnut

n
(= nut, tree)Kastanie f
(= colour)Kastanienbraun nt
(= horse)Fuchs m
(inf, = old joke) → alte or olle Kamelle (inf)
adj (colour) hairkastanienbraun, rötlich braun; a chestnut horseein Fuchs m

chestnut

[ˈtʃɛsˌnʌt]
1. n (fruit) → castagna; (chestnut tree) → castagno
sweet chestnut (tree) → castagno comune or dolce
2. adj (hair) → castano/a; (horse) → sauro/a

chestnut

(ˈtʃesnat)
1. a reddish-brown nut (one type being edible).
2. a reddish-brown horse.
3. a boring old joke or story.
adjective
of the colour of ripe chestnuts. chestnut hair.

chestnut

كَسْتَناء kaštan kastanje Kastanie κάστανο castaña, castaño kastanja marronnier kesten castagno クリ kastanje kastanje kasztan castanha каштан kastanj ลูกเกาลัด kestane hạt dẻ 栗子
References in classic literature ?
Girls, sometimes I feel as if those exams meant everything, but when I look at the big buds swelling on those chestnut trees and the misty blue air at the end of the streets they don't seem half so important.
Sancho followed him on foot, leading by the halter, as his custom was, his ass, his constant comrade in prosperity or adversity; and advancing some distance through the shady chestnut trees they came upon a little meadow at the foot of some high rocks, down which a mighty rush of water flung itself.
It was a hale and hearty age though, still: and in the summer or autumn evenings, when the glow of the setting sun fell upon the oak and chestnut trees of the adjacent forest, the old house, partaking of its lustre, seemed their fit companion, and to have many good years of life in him yet.
Here the Pygmies used to plant wheat and other kinds of grain, which, when it grew up and ripened, overshadowed these tiny people as the pines, and the oaks, and the walnut and chestnut trees overshadow you and me, when we walk in our own tracts of woodland.
She kept on beside the shaggy man, who whistled cheerful tunes to beguile the journey, until by and by they followed a turn in the road and saw before them a big chestnut tree making a shady spot over the highway.
The little grave where her infant sleeps Is 'neath the chestnut tree.
The family home is there; the chestnut trees are right next to the window, the prefecture next to the chestnut trees, and Mt.
In Munich, Germany, it's a centuries old tradition to unwind at local biergartens under the shade of chestnut trees.
WORCESTER -- There will be a purpose taking root on two fronts as Worcester marks its Arbor Day on Friday with a celebration of the planting of 15 American chestnut trees in several locations at Green Hill Park.
You can lean over and touch the tips of the tops of the chestnut trees etc.
BIRMINGHAM'S road repairs firm has promised to consult with residents over fears that mature chestnut trees lining a suburban street could be chopped down.
LESS than half of British under 25s know conkers come from horse chestnut trees, compared to nearly 90% of over 55s.