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n. Christianity
The doctrine stating that Jesus will reign on earth for 1,000 years.

[New Latin chīliasmus, from Late Latin chīlias, chiliad; see chiliad.]

chil′i·ast′ (-ăst′, -əst) n.
chil′i·as′tic adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chiliast - a person who believes in the coming of the millennium (a time of great peace and prosperity)chiliast - a person who believes in the coming of the millennium (a time of great peace and prosperity)
optimist - a person disposed to take a favorable view of things
References in periodicals archive ?
Not only did Jean de Labadie (1610-74)--a defrocked, charismatic French Jesuit--constantly move from place to place through France, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Germany, and Denmark where he died--and his followers moved back to the Netherlands and finally to America--but he tried on a number of religious identities, Jesuit, Jansenist, Calvinist, Pietist, Chiliast or Millenarian, and finally 'Labadist'.
Hut's doctrine did not employ the theme of a World Sabbath or an eternal sabbath; nor was Hut a chiliast in a precise sense--that is, expecting an earthly, thousand-year kingdom, according to Revelation 20.
That said, there seems to be enough ancillary and circumstantial evidence--some of it presented by Edighoffer in the introduction to this volume--to recognize that Andreae was, at some level at least, involved in the production of these texts, probably along with the Tubingen chiliast Tobias Hess (1558-1614), apparently a major influence on the young Andreae.
84) Of the individual chiliast, he writes in ways that could describe the contemporary summit-hopper: 'His attitude is characterized by a tense expectation.
Without doubt the chiliast enthusiasm which swept the radical sectors of Hussitism had strong appeal.
Rather the presbyter-author of 2 John is insisting on a chiliast position: Jesus Christ will come again in the flesh to establish a messianic reign on earth.
Unquestionably, the chiliast and Paracelsian Tobias Hess from Nuremberg (1568-1614), who probably befriended Andreae in 1608, made a decisive contribution in this regard.
Even in Justin the chiliast the fruitful `barren one' of Isa.