chitin


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Related to chitin: Chitosan

chi·tin

 (kīt′n)
n.
A nitrogen-containing polysaccharide that is a tough, protective, semitransparent substance and is the principal component of arthropod exoskeletons and the cell walls of certain fungi.

[French chitine : New Latin chitōn, mollusk (from Greek khitōn, chiton; see chiton) + -ine.]

chi′tin·ous adj.

chitin

(ˈkaɪtɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) a polysaccharide that is the principal component of the exoskeletons of arthropods and of the bodies of fungi
[C19: from French chitine, from Greek khitōn chiton + -in]
ˈchitinous adj
ˈchitinˌoid adj

chi•tin

(ˈkaɪ tɪn)

n.
a nitrogen-containing polysaccharide, related chemically to cellulose, that forms a semitransparent horny substance and is a principal constituent of the exoskeleton, or outer covering, of insects, crustaceans, and arachnids.
[1830–40; < French chitine < Greek chit(ṓn) tunic, chiton]
chi′tin•ous, adj.
chi′tin•oid`, adj.

chi·tin

(kīt′n)
A tough, semitransparent substance that is the main component of the exoskeletons of arthropods, such as the shells of crustaceans and the outer coverings of insects. Chitin is a carbohydrate and is also found in the cell walls of certain fungi and algae.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chitin - a tough semitransparent horny substance; the principal component of the exoskeletons of arthropods and the cell walls of certain fungi
glucosamine - an amino derivative of glucose that is a component of many polysaccharides
polyose, polysaccharide - any of a class of carbohydrates whose molecules contain chains of monosaccharide molecules
References in periodicals archive ?
5 million tons in 2011, and it is known that about 40% of this product (1 million tons) consists of wastes containing high levels of chitin (15-20%), proteins (25-40%), inorganic salts (ash 40-55%), and carotenoid pigments (about 15%) [6], Therefore, not only do these wastes contaminate the environment but also tons of products of great economic potential are being wasted.
Chemistry researchers at Glyndwr University in North Wales believe a polymer, derived from chitin, found naturally in the seafood shells, can be extracted and used instead of synthetic polymers to make personal and home care products.
Other prominent vendors simply mentioned in the report include Advanced Biopolymers, Dalian Xindie Chitin, Kunpoong Bio, Meron Biopolymers, Navamedic and Primex.
Starches, cellulose, pectin and chitin are among the polysaccharides.
A tough polysaccharide, chitin is responsible for the shells of shrimp and other crustaceans, as well as armor-like insect cuticles and flexible butterfly wings.
Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives: Advances in Drug Discovery and Developments
Native cellulose and chitin fibers are composed of smaller and mechanically stronger long thin filaments, called microfibrils, consisting of alternating crystalline and non-crystalline domains.
Subterranean termites (family Rhinotermitidae) of the southeastern United States ingest chitin, which if digestible would provide the insect with dietary nitrogen (Waller & LaFage 1987).
The top layers of mammalian skin and insect cuticle are mesh-works of macromolecules, the mammal version consisting mostly of keratin proteins and the fly version predominantly of the carbohydrate chitin.
Chitin, ingested by termites from cannibalism as well as from fungi in decayed wood, would provide the insect with dietary nitrogen if digestible (Waller and LaFage, 1987).
The world chitin and chitosan market is projected to exceed 118,000 metric tons by 2018, according to a new report from Global Industry Analysts, Inc.
Removal of Lead(II), Iron(III), and Arsenic(III) from Drinking Water Using Chitosan Synthesized from Isolated Chitin.