chitin


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to chitin: Chitosan

chi·tin

 (kīt′n)
n.
A nitrogen-containing polysaccharide that is a tough, protective, semitransparent substance and is the principal component of arthropod exoskeletons and the cell walls of certain fungi.

[French chitine : New Latin chitōn, mollusk (from Greek khitōn, chiton; see chiton) + -ine.]

chi′tin·ous adj.

chitin

(ˈkaɪtɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) a polysaccharide that is the principal component of the exoskeletons of arthropods and of the bodies of fungi
[C19: from French chitine, from Greek khitōn chiton + -in]
ˈchitinous adj
ˈchitinˌoid adj

chi•tin

(ˈkaɪ tɪn)

n.
a nitrogen-containing polysaccharide, related chemically to cellulose, that forms a semitransparent horny substance and is a principal constituent of the exoskeleton, or outer covering, of insects, crustaceans, and arachnids.
[1830–40; < French chitine < Greek chit(ṓn) tunic, chiton]
chi′tin•ous, adj.
chi′tin•oid`, adj.

chi·tin

(kīt′n)
A tough, semitransparent substance that is the main component of the exoskeletons of arthropods, such as the shells of crustaceans and the outer coverings of insects. Chitin is a carbohydrate and is also found in the cell walls of certain fungi and algae.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chitin - a tough semitransparent horny substance; the principal component of the exoskeletons of arthropods and the cell walls of certain fungi
glucosamine - an amino derivative of glucose that is a component of many polysaccharides
polyose, polysaccharide - any of a class of carbohydrates whose molecules contain chains of monosaccharide molecules
References in periodicals archive ?
And chitin, or chitin decay products, preserve really very well in the fossil record.
Chitin is a polysaccharide that is located in invertebrate skeletons and fungal cell walls.
The mushroom cells made using a compound known as chitin encase its therapeutic properties.
The tested factors were chitin sources and forms, colloidal chitin concentration, secondary carbon sources and glucose concentration.
The biopolymer used in this study is chitosan, which is obtained from the deacetylation of chitin (Figure 1).
The diet includes invertebrates and detrital material that can have relatively large amounts of chitin and cellulose, both of which can be difficult to digest for many organisms and often require the aid of specific bacteria in the gut microbiome.
The residue approached in this paper clearly exemplifies this scenario: shrimp shells, fishing industry rejects, are potentially polluting due to the decomposition of their organic material when disposed of in an inappropriate manner in dumps, but are also an important source of the raw material, chitin (2-Acetamide-2-Deoxy-D-glucose), precursor of the biopolymer chitosan (2-amino-2-Deoxy-D-glucose and 2-Acetamide-2-Deoxy-2-D-glucose).
Perhaps the most compelling chemical constituent is chitin ([C.
Three insect growth regulators (IGRs), juvenile hormone analogues (pyriproxyfen), ecdysone agonist (methoxyfenozide) and chitin synthesis inhibitor (lufenuron) were tested against egg, larva, pupa and adult stages of Tribolium castaneum.
These enzymes attack on the polysaccharide, chitin and [beta]-glucan chains that are responsible for the rigidity of cell walls, thereby destroying the cell wall rigidity.
The results exposed that chitin was responsible for improvement in the productivity of all tested enzymes, except the protease that was improved only by casein.