chloramphenicol


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chlo·ram·phen·i·col

 (klôr′ăm-fĕn′ĭ-kôl′, -kŏl′, -kōl′)
n.
A broad-spectrum antibiotic, C11H12Cl2N2O5, derived from the soil bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae or produced synthetically.

chloramphenicol

(ˌklɔːræmˈfɛnɪˌkɒl)
n
(Pharmacology) a broad-spectrum antibiotic used esp in treating typhoid fever and rickettsial infections: obtained from the bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae or synthesized. Formula: C11H12N2O5Cl2
[C20: from chloro- + am(ido)- + phe(no)- + ni(tro)- + (gly)col]

chlo•ram•phen•i•col

(ˌklɔr æmˈfɛn ɪˌkɔl, -ˌkɒl, ˌkloʊr-)

n.
an antibiotic obtained from cultures of Streptomyces venezuelae or synthesized, used chiefly for treating rickettsial infections.
[1945–50; chlor- + am(ido)- + phe(n)- + ni(tro)- + (gly)col]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chloramphenicol - an oral antibiotic (trade name Chloromycetin) used to treat serious infections (especially typhoid fever)
antibiotic, antibiotic drug - a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that can kill microorganisms and cure bacterial infections; "when antibiotics were first discovered they were called wonder drugs"
Translations
Chloramphenicol

chlor·am·phen·i·col

n. cloranfenicol, cloromicetina, antibiótico esp. efectivo en el tratamiento de la fiebre tifoidea.

chloramphenicol

n cloranfenicol m
References in periodicals archive ?
The assay was performed with standard disks of ampicillin (10|ig): ciprofloxacin (5 [micro]g): chloramphenicol (30 [micro]g): erythromycin (15 [micro]g): gentamicin (10 [micro]g): streptomycin (10 [micro]g): norfloxacin (10 [micro]g): penicillin G (10U); tetracycline (30 [micro]g): vancomycin (30 [micro]g) (Laborclin; Pinhais, Brazil) and trimethoprim (5 [micro]g) (Sensifar; Sao Paulo, Brazil) on MRS (Micromed, Duque de Caxias, RJ) agar plates, incubated at 37[degrees]C for 24h.
The tested antimicrobial drugs were ampicillin, trimethoprim/sulphamethoxazole, chloramphenicol, nalidixic acid, ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, levofloxacin, ceftriaxone and cefixime.
4] The emergence of antimicrobial resistance, especially the multidrug resistance to ampicillin, chloramphenicol and co trimoxazole, has further complicated the treatment and management of enteric fever.
For the purpose of their study, the researchers infected mice with a cocktail containing both - Staphylococci bacteria resistant to the antibiotic chloramphenicol and non-resistant Streptococci.
Conclusion: MRSA is rapidly developing resistance against routinely used antimicrobials especially linezolid and chloramphenicol.
Penicillin-G 100 units; Streptomycin 10pg; Tetracycline 30pg; Am picillin 10pg; Gentamicin 10pg; Ciprofloxacin 5pg; Ceftriaxone 30pg; Cephalexin 30pg; Chloramphenicol 30pg; Cefuroxime 30pg; Norfloxacin 10pg; Co-trimoxazole 25pg.
Conclusion Vancomycin, linezolid, rifampicin, clindamycin, moxifloxacin and chloramphenicol showed highest efficacy in this study.
The sensitivit y of drugs like amoxicillin chloramphenicol and co-trimaxazole were 2.
10,11) An open label, randomised controlled trial found that, compared to immediate antibiotic treatment, delayed prescribing of chloramphenicol provided a similar severity and duration (mean 3.
Riyadh, Shawwal 8, 1434, Aug 15, 2013, SPA -- Saudi Food and Drug Authority said that its Center of Rapid Warning for Food monitored a notice from European Rapid Warning System for food and feed (EU-RASFF) affiliated to the European Commission dated on 23/09/1434 H corresponding to 31/07/2013 that the feed additive of Enzymatic Lotion "Kemzyme Plus Dry'' produced in Belgium contains the antibiotic chloramphenicol which is banned universally to be used in feed additives.
Antimicrobial drugs tested were ampicillin, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, cefoxitin, ceftiofur, cephalothin, ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin, nalidixic acid, streptomycin, gentamicin, kanamycin, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, sulfonamide, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole.
Apart from the standard antibiotics, testing was also done specifically for ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, and chloramphenicol, which are available locally as topical ear drops.