Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


 (klôr′ăm-fĕn′ĭ-kôl′, -kŏl′, -kōl′)
A broad-spectrum antibiotic, C11H12Cl2N2O5, derived from the soil bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae or produced synthetically.


(Pharmacology) a broad-spectrum antibiotic used esp in treating typhoid fever and rickettsial infections: obtained from the bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae or synthesized. Formula: C11H12N2O5Cl2
[C20: from chloro- + am(ido)- + phe(no)- + ni(tro)- + (gly)col]


(ˌklɔr æmˈfɛn ɪˌkɔl, -ˌkɒl, ˌkloʊr-)

an antibiotic obtained from cultures of Streptomyces venezuelae or synthesized, used chiefly for treating rickettsial infections.
[1945–50; chlor- + am(ido)- + phe(n)- + ni(tro)- + (gly)col]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chloramphenicol - an oral antibiotic (trade name Chloromycetin) used to treat serious infections (especially typhoid fever)
antibiotic, antibiotic drug - a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that can kill microorganisms and cure bacterial infections; "when antibiotics were first discovered they were called wonder drugs"


n. cloranfenicol, cloromicetina, antibiótico esp. efectivo en el tratamiento de la fiebre tifoidea.


n cloranfenicol m
References in periodicals archive ?
All 16 isolates were resistant to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, streptomycin, sulfamethoxazole, and tetracycline (R-type ACSSuT).
cholerae O1 strains isolated after 1997 were resistant to tetracycline, sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, chloramphenicol, and streptomycin (7).
13) Another study, comparing chloramphenicol to placebo in children with acute infective conjunctivitis, also found no statistically significant difference in cure rate between each group after seven days.
coli isolates, the rate of resistance was significantly higher in cattle isolates than in pig isolates for chloramphenicol (p = 0.
The association of coriander essential oil with chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin and tetracycline against Acinetobacter baumannii showed in vitro effectiveness, which is an indicator of a possible synergistic interaction against two reference strains of A.
The most active agents against these organisms were chloramphenicol (100% of isolates susceptible), ertapenem (97.
People who are sensitive to chloramphenicol can develop a type of bone marrow depression called aplastic anemia, which can be fatal.
He was treated with Chloramphenicol for typhus fever and the fever subsided in 48 h.
Chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter gene expression from the Ub promoter was initially very low at day 2 post-administration but by day 35 exceeded the level of expression attained from a CMV promoter vector by 4- to 9-fold.
ABSTRACT The effects of chloramphenicol and streptomycin/penicillin on the concentration of heterotrophic bacteria in biofilms associated with abalone postlarval culture and on the growth and survival of Haliotis rufescens postlarvae (3-5 days old) were studied under laboratory conditions.
The crabmeat may contain chloramphenicol, used to prevent bacteria in foreign seafood but banned in U.