choke


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Related to choke: Choke valve

choke

 (chōk)
v. choked, chok·ing, chokes
v.tr.
1. To interfere with the respiration of by compression or obstruction of the larynx or trachea.
2.
a. To check or slow down the movement, growth, or action of: a garden that was choked by weeds.
b. To block up or obstruct by filling or clogging: Mud choked the drainpipe.
c. To fill up completely; jam: Major commuter arteries were choked with stalled traffic.
3. To reduce the air intake of (a carburetor), thereby enriching the fuel mixture.
4. Sports To grip (a bat or racket, for example) at a point nearer the hitting surface.
v.intr.
1. To have difficulty in breathing, swallowing, or speaking.
2. To become blocked up or obstructed.
3. Sports To shorten one's grip on the handle of a bat or racket. Often used with up.
4. To fail to perform effectively because of nervous agitation or tension, especially in an athletic contest: choked by missing an easy putt on the final hole.
n.
1. The act or sound of choking.
2.
a. Something that constricts or chokes.
b. A slight narrowing of the barrel of a shotgun serving to concentrate the shot.
3. A device used in an internal-combustion engine to enrich the fuel mixture by reducing the flow of air to the carburetor.
4. The fibrous inedible center of an artichoke head.
Phrasal Verbs:
choke back
To hold back; suppress: choked back his tears.
choke off
To bring to an end as if by choking: "Treasury borrowing of existing savings would drive up the interest rate and choke off economic activity" (Paul Craig Roberts).
choke up
To be unable to speak because of strong emotion.

[Middle English choken, short for achoken, from Old English āceōcian : ā-, intensive pref. + cēoce, cēace, jaw, cheek.]

choke

(tʃəʊk)
vb
1. (tr) to hinder or stop the breathing of (a person or animal), esp by constricting the windpipe or by asphyxiation
2. (intr) to have trouble or fail in breathing, swallowing, or speaking
3. (tr) to block or clog up (a passage, pipe, street, etc)
4. (tr) to retard the growth or action of: the weeds are choking my plants.
5. (tr) to suppress (emotion): she choked her anger.
6. (intr) slang to die
7. (Automotive Engineering) (tr) to enrich the petrol-air mixture by reducing the air supply to (a carburettor, petrol engine, etc)
8. (intr) (esp in sport) to be seized with tension and fail to perform well
n
9. the act or sound of choking
10. (Automotive Engineering) a device in the carburettor of a petrol engine that enriches the petrol-air mixture by reducing the air supply
11. (Mechanical Engineering) any constriction or mechanism for reducing the flow of a fluid in a pipe, tube, etc
12. (Electronics) electronics Also called: choke coil an inductor having a relatively high impedance, used to prevent the passage of high frequencies or to smooth the output of a rectifier
13. (Cookery) the inedible centre of the head of an artichoke
[Old English ācēocian, of Germanic origin; related to cheek]
ˈchokeable adj

choke

(tʃoʊk)

v. choked, chok•ing,
n. v.t.
1. to stop the breath of by squeezing or obstructing the windpipe; strangle; stifle.
2. to stop by or as if by strangling or stifling: The sudden wind choked his words.
3. to stop by filling; obstruct; clog: Grease choked the drain.
4. to suppress (a feeling, emotion, etc.) (often fol. by back or down): to choke back one's sobs.
5. to fill to the limit; pack: The closet was choked with toys.
6. to enrich the fuel mixture of (an internal-combustion engine) by diminishing the air supply to the carburetor.
7. to grip (a bat, racket, or the like) farther than usual from the end of the handle (often fol. by up).
v.i.
8. to suffer from or as if from strangling or suffocating: to choke on a peanut.
9. to become obstructed, clogged, or otherwise stopped: The words choked in her throat.
10. to become too tense or nervous to perform well (sometimes fol. by up).
11. choke off, to stop or obstruct by or as if by choking: to choke off a nation's fuel supply.
12. choke up, to become or cause to become speechless, as from emotion or stress.
n.
13. the act or sound of choking.
14. any mechanism that regulates flow by blocking a passage, esp. the device in an automotive engine that controls how much air enters the carburetor.
15. a narrowed part.
16. the bristly inner part of an artichoke head.
[1150–1200; Middle English choken,cheken, variant of achoken, acheken, Old English ācēocian to suffocate; akin to Old Norse kōk gullet]
choke′a•ble, adj.

choke


Past participle: choked
Gerund: choking

Imperative
choke
choke
Present
I choke
you choke
he/she/it chokes
we choke
you choke
they choke
Preterite
I choked
you choked
he/she/it choked
we choked
you choked
they choked
Present Continuous
I am choking
you are choking
he/she/it is choking
we are choking
you are choking
they are choking
Present Perfect
I have choked
you have choked
he/she/it has choked
we have choked
you have choked
they have choked
Past Continuous
I was choking
you were choking
he/she/it was choking
we were choking
you were choking
they were choking
Past Perfect
I had choked
you had choked
he/she/it had choked
we had choked
you had choked
they had choked
Future
I will choke
you will choke
he/she/it will choke
we will choke
you will choke
they will choke
Future Perfect
I will have choked
you will have choked
he/she/it will have choked
we will have choked
you will have choked
they will have choked
Future Continuous
I will be choking
you will be choking
he/she/it will be choking
we will be choking
you will be choking
they will be choking
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been choking
you have been choking
he/she/it has been choking
we have been choking
you have been choking
they have been choking
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been choking
you will have been choking
he/she/it will have been choking
we will have been choking
you will have been choking
they will have been choking
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been choking
you had been choking
he/she/it had been choking
we had been choking
you had been choking
they had been choking
Conditional
I would choke
you would choke
he/she/it would choke
we would choke
you would choke
they would choke
Past Conditional
I would have choked
you would have choked
he/she/it would have choked
we would have choked
you would have choked
they would have choked
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.choke - a coil of low resistance and high inductance used in electrical circuits to pass direct current and attenuate alternating currentchoke - a coil of low resistance and high inductance used in electrical circuits to pass direct current and attenuate alternating current
circuit, electric circuit, electrical circuit - an electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow
coil - reactor consisting of a spiral of insulated wire that introduces inductance into a circuit
2.choke - a valve that controls the flow of air into the carburetor of a gasoline engine
automatic choke - a choke that automatically controls the flow of air to the carburetor
fuel system - equipment in a motor vehicle or aircraft that delivers fuel to the engine
valve - control consisting of a mechanical device for controlling the flow of a fluid
Verb1.choke - breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong emotion; "She choked with emotion when she spoke about her deceased husband"
breathe, take a breath, suspire, respire - draw air into, and expel out of, the lungs; "I can breathe better when the air is clean"; "The patient is respiring"
2.choke - be too tight; rub or press; "This neckband is choking the cat"
constrict, compress, contract, compact, press, squeeze - squeeze or press together; "she compressed her lips"; "the spasm contracted the muscle"
3.choke - wring the neck of; "The man choked his opponent"
constrict, compress, contract, compact, press, squeeze - squeeze or press together; "she compressed her lips"; "the spasm contracted the muscle"
4.choke - constrict (someone's) throat and keep from breathing
constrict, compress, contract, compact, press, squeeze - squeeze or press together; "she compressed her lips"; "the spasm contracted the muscle"
5.choke - struggle for breath; have insufficient oxygen intake; "he swallowed a fishbone and gagged"
suffer, hurt - feel pain or be in pain
6.choke - fail to perform adequately due to tension or agitation; "The team should have won hands down but choked, disappointing the coach and the audience"
fail, neglect - fail to do something; leave something undone; "She failed to notice that her child was no longer in his crib"; "The secretary failed to call the customer and the company lost the account"
7.choke - check or slow down the action or effect of; "She choked her anger"
bottle up, suppress, inhibit - control and refrain from showing; of emotions, desires, impulses, or behavior
8.choke - become or cause to become obstructedchoke - become or cause to become obstructed; "The leaves clog our drains in the Fall"; "The water pipe is backed up"
gum up - stick together as if with gum; "the inside of the pipe has gummed up"
obturate, occlude, close up, impede, obstruct, jam, block - block passage through; "obstruct the path"
crap up - become obstructed or chocked up; "The drains clogged up"
choke up, lug, stuff, block - obstruct; "My nose is all stuffed"; "Her arteries are blocked"
silt, silt up - become chocked with silt; "The river silted up"
9.choke - impair the respiration of or obstruct the air passage ofchoke - impair the respiration of or obstruct the air passage of; "The foul air was slowly suffocating the children"
obturate, occlude, close up, impede, obstruct, jam, block - block passage through; "obstruct the path"
10.choke - become stultified, suppressed, or stifled; "He is suffocating--living at home with his aged parents in the small village"
suffocate, choke - suppress the development, creativity, or imagination of; "His job suffocated him"
become, turn - undergo a change or development; "The water turned into ice"; "Her former friend became her worst enemy"; "He turned traitor"
11.choke - suppress the development, creativity, or imagination of; "His job suffocated him"
dampen, stifle - smother or suppress; "Stifle your curiosity"
suffocate, choke - become stultified, suppressed, or stifled; "He is suffocating--living at home with his aged parents in the small village"
12.choke - pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain lifechoke - pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life; "She died from cancer"; "The children perished in the fire"; "The patient went peacefully"; "The old guy kicked the bucket at the age of 102"
abort - cease development, die, and be aborted; "an aborting fetus"
change state, turn - undergo a transformation or a change of position or action; "We turned from Socialism to Capitalism"; "The people turned against the President when he stole the election"
asphyxiate, stifle, suffocate - be asphyxiated; die from lack of oxygen; "The child suffocated under the pillow"
buy it, pip out - be killed or die;
drown - die from being submerged in water, getting water into the lungs, and asphyxiating; "The child drowned in the lake"
predecease - die before; die earlier than; "She predeceased her husband"
conk out, go bad, break down, die, fail, give out, give way, break, go - stop operating or functioning; "The engine finally went"; "The car died on the road"; "The bus we travelled in broke down on the way to town"; "The coffee maker broke"; "The engine failed on the way to town"; "her eyesight went after the accident"
starve, famish - die of food deprivation; "The political prisoners starved to death"; "Many famished in the countryside during the drought"
die - suffer or face the pain of death; "Martyrs may die every day for their faith"
fall - die, as in battle or in a hunt; "Many soldiers fell at Verdun"; "Several deer have fallen to the same gun"; "The shooting victim fell dead"
succumb, yield - be fatally overwhelmed
13.choke - reduce the air supply; "choke a carburetor"
enrich - make better or improve in quality; "The experience enriched her understanding"; "enriched foods"
14.choke - cause to retch or choke
sicken - make sick or ill; "This kind of food sickens me"

choke

verb
1. suffocate, stifle, smother, overpower, asphyxiate Dense smoke swirled and billowed, its fumes choking her.
2. strangle, throttle, asphyxiate They choked him with his tie.
3. block, dam, clog, obstruct, bung, constrict, occlude, congest, close, stop, bar The village roads are choked with traffic.

choke

verb
1. To interfere with or stop the normal breathing of, especially by constricting the windpipe:
2. To stop the breathing of:
3. To hold (something requiring an outlet) in check.Also used with back:
Informal: sit on (or upon).
4. To plug up something, as a hole, space, or container:
5. To be unsuccessful:
Informal: fall down, flop.
Slang: bomb.
Idioms: fail of success, fall short.
phrasal verb
choke off
To bring to an end forcibly as if by imposing a heavy weight:
noun
Something used to fill a hole, space, or container:
Translations
dusitškrtící klapkaucpatzacpat
chokerkvæleproppestoppevære ved at kvæles
tukehtuakuristaakuristuarikastinryyppy
gušiti se
eltömfojtszívató
innsogkæfa, kyrkjastífla
息が詰まる
숨이 막히다
dusintiuždusintiuždusti
aizsērētnoslāptnosmaktslāpētājs
dusićkrztusić siędławić się
upchať sa
dušiti se
kvävas
ทำให้หายใจไม่ออก
boğ makhava kelebeğijiklenefesi kes mektıkamak
bị nghẹt thở

choke

[tʃəʊk]
A. N (Aut) → (e)stárter m, chok(e) m (LAm) (Mech) → obturador m, cierre m
B. VT
1. [+ person] → ahogar, asfixiar; (with hands) → estrangular
in a voice choked with emotioncon una voz ahogada or sofocada por la emoción
2. [+ pipe etc] → atascar, obstruir
a canal choked with weedsun canal atascado por las hierbas
a street choked with trafficuna calle congestionada por el tráfico
C. VI [person] → ahogarse, asfixiarse
to choke to deathmorir asfixiado
to choke on a fishboneatragantarse con una espina
to choke with laughtermorirse de risa
choke back VT + ADV [+ tears] → tragarse; [+ feelings] → ahogar
choke down VT + ADV [+ rage, sobs] → ahogar
choke off VT + ADV (fig) [+ supply, suggestions etc] → cortar; [+ discussion] → cortar por lo sano; [+ person] → cortar
choke up
A. VT + ADV [+ pipe, drain] → obstruir
B. VI + ADV
1. [pipe, drain] → atascarse
2. [person] → quedarse sin habla

choke

[ˈtʃəʊk]
viétouffer
to choke on sth → s'étrangler avec qch
He choked on a fishbone → Il s'est étranglé avec une arête de poisson.
vt [attacker] → étrangler
An old woman was found choked to death → Une vieille femme a été retrouvée étranglée.
[anger] → étouffer (= tears) → étrangler
(= block) → boucher, obstruer
to be choked with sth [river, pond] → être encombré(e) par qch
to be choked with cars [street] → être embouteillé(e)
n
[car] → starter m

choke

vt
personersticken; (= throttle)(er)würgen, erdrosseln; don’t eat so fast, you’ll choke yourselfiss nicht so schnell, sonst erstickst du daran; to choke the life out of somebody/something (lit, fig)jdm/einer Sache den Garaus machen; in a voice choked with tears/emotionmit tränenerstickter/tief bewegter Stimme
(fig) pipe, tube, streetverstopfen; fire, plantsersticken
viersticken (→ on an +dat); he was choking with laughter/angerer erstickte fast or halb vor Lachen/Wut
n (Aut) → Choke m, → Starterzug m; give it a bit of chokezieh den Choke etwas heraus

choke

[tʃəʊk]
1. n (Aut) → (valvola dell')aria
2. vt (person) → soffocare; (strangle) → strangolare (also choke up) (pipe) → intasare
3. visoffocare
choke back vt + advsoffocare

choke

(tʃəuk) verb
1. to (cause to) stop, or partly stop, breathing. The gas choked him; He choked to death.
2. to block. This pipe was choked with dirt.
noun
an apparatus in a car engine etc to prevent the passage of too much air when starting the engine.

choke

يَخْتَنِقُ dusit (se) være ved at kvæles ersticken πνίγομαι asfixiar tukehtua s’étouffer gušiti se soffocare 息が詰まる 숨이 막히다 verstikken kvele dusić engasgar-se душить kvävas ทำให้หายใจไม่ออก tıkanmak bị nghẹt thở 哽住

choke

vt. ahogar, sofocar, estrangular; [choke on something] atragantarse.

choke

vt estrangular; vi (asphyxiate) asfixiarse (form), ahogarse; to — on (food, etc.) atragantarse con
References in classic literature ?
He missed her, however, and she came walking in with a very queer expression of countenance, for there was a mixture of fun and fear, satisfaction and regret in it, which puzzled the family as much as did the roll of bills she laid before her mother, saying with a little choke in her voice, "That's my contribution toward making Father comfortable and bringing him home
He must choke with it until it is no longer of any value.
One old Sag-Harbor whaleman's chief reason for questioning the Hebrew story was this: --He had one of those quaint old-fashioned Bibles, embellished with curious, unscientific plates; one of which represented Jonah's whale with two spouts in his head --a peculiarity only true with respect to a species of the Leviathan (the Right Whale, and the varieties of that order), concerning which the fishermen have this saying, A penny roll would choke him; his swallow is so very small.
The boy wondered and grieved that she could not eat; and when, putting his arms round her neck, he tried to wedge some of his cake into her mouth, it seemed to her that the rising in her throat would choke her.
He began to choke and gag, and meantime the master and the gentleman moved away discussing.
They'll bleat and baa, dona like goats, Gorge down black sheep, and strain at motes, Array their backs in fine black coats, Then seize their negroes by their throats, And choke, for heavenly union.
WHILE Miss Linton moped about the park and garden, always silent, and almost always in tears; and her brother shut himself up among books that he never opened - wearying, I guessed, with a continual vague expectation that Catherine, repenting her conduct, would come of her own accord to ask pardon, and seek a reconciliation - and SHE fasted pertinaciously, under the idea, probably, that at every meal Edgar was ready to choke for her absence, and pride alone held him from running to cast himself at her feet; I went about my household duties, convinced that the Grange had but one sensible soul in its walls, and that lodged in my body.
I'd catch hold of your throat and choke you for half a guinea.
To improve it, we all distinctly heard Jip give two short barks, and receive another choke.
Camilla laid her hand upon her heaving bosom, that lady assumed an unnatural fortitude of manner which I supposed to be expressive of an intention to drop and choke when out of view, and kissing her hand to Miss Havisham, was escorted forth.
There are noble things which cross over thy powerful mind; but it is the garden of the sluggard, and the weeds have rushed up, and conspired to choke the fair and wholesome blossom.
then silence, and then another confusion of voices--`Hold up his head--Brandy now--Don't choke him--How was it, old fellow?