neuron

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Related to cholinergic neuron: cholinergic neurotransmitter
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neuron

neu·ron

 (no͝or′ŏn′, nyo͝or′-)
n.
1. Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves in vertebrates, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon.
2. A similar impulse-conducting cell in invertebrates. In both senses also called nerve cell.

[Greek, sinew, string, nerve; see (s)neəu- in Indo-European roots.]

neu′ro·nal (no͝or′ə-nəl, nyo͝or′-, no͝o-rōn′l, nyo͝o-), neu·ron′ic adj.
neu′ro·nal·ly adv.

neu•ron

(ˈnʊər ɒn, ˈnyʊər-)

n.
a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
Also called nerve cell. Also, esp. Brit.,neu•rone (-oʊn)
[1880–85; < Greek neûron sinew, cord, nerve]
neu•ron•al (ˈnʊər ə nl, ˈnyʊər-, nʊˈroʊn l, nyʊ-) adj.

neu·ron

(no͝or′ŏn′)

neuron


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A cell that conveys electrochemical impulses. Neurons form the basic units of the nervous system. See axon, dendrites.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulsesneuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
gangliocyte, ganglion cell - a nerve cell whose body is outside the central nervous system; "damage to ganglion cells in the retina may play a role in the development of glaucoma"
somatic cell, vegetative cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
brain cell - a nerve cell in the brain
efferent neuron, motoneuron, motor nerve fiber, motor neuron - a neuron conducting impulses outwards from the brain or spinal cord
afferent neuron, sensory neuron - a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord
axon, axone - long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
dendrite - short fiber that conducts toward the cell body of the neuron
Translations

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] Nneurona f

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] neurone [ˈnjʊərəʊn] nneurone m

neuron

, neurone
n (Biol) → Neuron nt

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] n (Bio) → neurone m

neu·ron

n. neurona, célula que constituye la unidad básica funcional del sistema nervioso.

neuron

n neurona
References in periodicals archive ?
These pathways include the basal forebrain cholinergic neurons (29) and the adrenergic locus ceruleus neurons.
Targeting the cholinergic neurons is compelling because their degeneration is known to contribute significantly to the memory loss.
Cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain and brain stem pedunculopontine tegmentum (PPT) areas project and diffusely innervate the entire neocortex, amygdala, hippocampus, thalamus, and the midbrain (1).
Using AAV to produce a steady supply of NGF in a specific area of the brain, the treatment is designed to address the loss of cholinergic neurons which is associated with memory loss and cognitive decline in AD.
Developing brain cells get their signals from the tissue that they reside in, and the location in the brain we chose directed these cells to form both GABA and cholinergic neurons.
4,6,7) The exact mechanism by which these actions occur is not completely understood, but CB-1 receptors are commonly found in conjunction with acetylcholine transferase which marks cholinergic neurons supporting the theory of CB-1 receptors in the regulation of intestinal motility.
Estrogen receptors colocalize with low-affinity nerve growth factor receptors in cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain.
Various studies have demonstrated that noradrenergic, serotonergic and cholinergic neurons of the LC fire quickly during wake, begin to slow with the onset of sleep and continue to slow as sleep deepens, then nearly stop firing during REM sleep.
4 The hypothalamic orexin system directly and strongly innervates and potently excites noradrenergic, dopaminergic, serotonergic, histaminergic and cholinergic neurons.
2004) and in cholinergic neurons of the medial habenular nucleus (Miyake and Itoh 1996), and is involved specifically in neurite outgrowth (Hart et al.
University of California (Oakland, CA) has patented a specific clinical protocol for use toward therapy of defective, diseased and damaged cholinergic neurons in the mammalian brain, of particular usefulness for treatment of neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease.
EEG desynchronization occurs during wakefulness as well as REM sleep and the NA-ergic neurons in LC and the cholinergic neurons in LDT/PPT are known to be responsible for EEG desynchronization through their projections to thalamus.