chronic


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chron·ic

 (krŏn′ĭk)
adj.
1. Of long duration; continuing: chronic money problems.
2. Lasting for a long period of time or marked by frequent recurrence, as certain diseases: chronic colitis.
3. Subject to a habit or pattern of behavior for a long time: a chronic liar.

[French chronique, from Latin chronicus, from Greek khronikos, of time, from khronos, time.]

chron′i·cal·ly adv.
chro·nic′i·ty (krŏ-nĭs′ĭ-tē) n.
Synonyms: chronic, confirmed, habitual, inveterate
These adjectives describe people who have a longtime habit, behavior, or tendency: a chronic complainer; a confirmed alcoholic; a habitual cheat; an inveterate smoker.

chronic

(ˈkrɒnɪk)
adj
1. continuing for a long time; constantly recurring
2. (Medicine) (of a disease) developing slowly, or of long duration. Compare acute7
3. inveterate; habitual: a chronic smoker.
4. informal
a. very bad: the play was chronic.
b. very serious: he left her in a chronic condition.
[C15: from Latin chronicus relating to time, from Greek khronikos, from khronos time]
ˈchronically adv
chronicity n

chron•ic

(ˈkrɒn ɪk)

adj.
1. being such habitually or for a prolonged period: a chronic liar.
2. continuing a long time or recurring frequently: a chronic state of war.
3. having long had a disease, habit, weakness, or the like: a chronic invalid.
4. (of a disease) having long duration (disting. from acute).
[1595–1605; < Latin chronicus < Greek chronikós=chrón(os) time + -ikos -ic]
chron′i•cal•ly, adv.
chro•nic•i•ty (krɒˈnɪs ɪ ti) n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.chronic - being long-lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering; "chronic indigestion"; "a chronic shortage of funds"; "a chronic invalid"
medical specialty, medicine - the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques
acute - having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course; "acute appendicitis"; "the acute phase of the illness"; "acute patients"
2.chronic - of long duration; "chronic money problems"
long - primarily temporal sense; being or indicating a relatively great or greater than average duration or passage of time or a duration as specified; "a long life"; "a long boring speech"; "a long time"; "a long friendship"; "a long game"; "long ago"; "an hour long"
3.chronic - habitual; "a chronic smoker"
usual - occurring or encountered or experienced or observed frequently or in accordance with regular practice or procedure; "grew the usual vegetables"; "the usual summer heat"; "came at the usual time"; "the child's usual bedtime"

chronic

adjective
1. persistent, constant, continual, deep-seated, incurable, deep-rooted, ineradicable His drinking has led to chronic cirrhosis of the liver.
2. habitual, confirmed, ingrained, incessant, inveterate, incorrigible He has always been a chronic smoker.
habitual temporary, occasional, infrequent
3. serious, dangerous, acute, alarming, severe, extreme There is a chronic shortage of police cars in this district.
4. (Informal) dreadful, awful, appalling, atrocious, abysmal The programme was chronic, all banal dialogue and canned laughter.

chronic

adjective
2. Familiar through repetition:
3. Subject to a disease or habit for a long time:
Translations
مُزْمِنمُزمن، مُتأصّل
chronický
kroniskvedvarende
krooninen
kroničan
idültkrónikus
langvinnur, òrálátur, krónískur
慢性の慢性的な
만성의
chroniškaichroniškas
hronisks
chronický
kronisk
เรื้อรัง
kinh niên

chronic

[ˈkrɒnɪk] ADJ
1. [invalid, disease] → crónico
2. (= inveterate) [smoker] → empedernido; [liar] → incorregible
3. (Brit) [weather, person] → horrible, malísimo
I had toothache something chronicme dolían las muelas horriblemente

chronic

[ˈkrɒnɪk] adj
(= long-standing) [illness, depression] → chronique
(= constant) [nagger, smoker] → invétéré(e); [worrier] → incorrigible; [shortage] → chronique
(= terrible) [state, situation] → atroce

chronic

adj
disease, invalid, liar, underfunding, overcrowding etcchronisch; Chronic Fatigue Syndromechronisches Erschöpfungssyndrom
(inf: = terrible) → schlecht, miserabel (inf)

chronic

[ˈkrɒnɪk] adj (invalid, disease) → cronico/a (fig) (liar, drunkard) → incallito/a (fam) (weather, actor) → allucinante

chronic

(ˈkronik) adjective
(especially of a disease) lasting a long time. a chronic illness.
ˈchronically adverb

chronic

مُزْمِن chronický kronisk chronisch χρόνιος crónico krooninen chronique kroničan cronico 慢性の 만성의 chronisch kronisk przewlekły crónico, crônico хронический kronisk เรื้อรัง kronik kinh niên 慢性的

chron·ic

a. crónico-a, de larga duración, de efecto prolongado.

chronic

adj crónico
References in classic literature ?
Having no top to its head, she tied on a neat little cap, and as both arms and legs were gone, she hid these deficiencies by folding it in a blanket and devoting her best bed to this chronic invalid.
Now, between Sam and Aunt Chloe there had existed, from ancient times, a sort of chronic feud, or rather a decided coolness; but, as Sam was meditating something in the provision department, as the necessary and obvious foundation of his operations, he determined, on the present occasion, to be eminently conciliatory; for he well knew that although "Missis' orders" would undoubtedly be followed to the letter, yet he should gain a considerable deal by enlisting the spirit also.
The dreadful secret of the murder was a chronic misery.
There is no positive disease; there is only a chronic feebleness -- a fatty degeneration -- a want of vital power in the organ itself.
I lived in a state of chronic uneasiness respecting my behaviour to Joe.
Vitus's Dance, fits, chronic cold accompanied by violent sneezing, or any disease necessitating involuntary motions, shall be instantly destroyed.
This was one of his parts in the popular comedy he was performing, -- a make-up he had adopted and which suited him about as well as the masks worn on the classic stage by paternal actors, who seen from one side, were the image of geniality, and from the other showed lips drawn down in chronic ill-temper.
Miss Anne, indeed, if her chronic headaches could have been accounted for by a pathetic story of disappointed love, might have had some romantic interest attached to her: but no such story had either been known or invented concerning her, and the general impression was quite in accordance with the fact, that both the sisters were old maids for the prosaic reason that they had never received an eligible offer.
She suffered--she told me it was a Moultrie castemark--from some obscure form of chronic bronchitis, complicated with spasm of the glottis; and, in a dead, flat voice, with a sunken eye that looked and saw not, told me what washes, gargles, pastilles, and inhalations she had proved most beneficial.
It was clear to me at a glance that he was in the grip of some deadly and chronic disease.
Considering his position he became wonderfully free from the chronic melancholy which is taking hold of the civilized races with the decline of belief in a beneficent Power.
My Lady, whose chronic malady of boredom has been sadly aggravated by Volumnia this evening, glances wearily towards the candlesticks and heaves a noiseless sigh.