infection

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Related to chronic infection: Latent infection

in·fec·tion

 (ĭn-fĕk′shən)
n.
1.
a. The invasion of bodily tissue by pathogenic microorganisms that proliferate, resulting in tissue injury that can progress to disease: measures taken by the hospital to prevent infection.
b. The entry or placement, as by injection, of a microorganism or infectious agent into a cell or tissue.
c. An instance of being infected: developed an infection in my toe.
d. An agent or a contaminated substance responsible for one's becoming infected: an infection spread by contaminated water.
e. The pathological state resulting from having been infected: a drug to control infection.
2. An infectious disease: Crowded conditions gave rise to several serious infections.
3. An instance of a virus or similar software program infecting a computer.
4. The communication of a usually undesirable idea, emotion, or attitude by contact with other people or by example.

infection

(ɪnˈfɛkʃən)
n
1. (Pathology) invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms
2. (Pathology) the resulting condition in the tissues
3. (Pathology) an infectious disease
4. the act of infecting or state of being infected
5. an agent or influence that infects
6. persuasion or corruption, as by ideas, perverse influences, etc

in•fec•tion

(ɪnˈfɛk ʃən)

n.
1. the act of infecting or the state of being infected.
2. an infecting agency or influence.
3. an infectious disease.
4. the condition of suffering an infection.
5. corruption of another's opinions, beliefs, etc.
6. an influence or impulse passing from one to another and affecting feeling or action.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Late Latin]

in·fec·tion

(ĭn-fĕk′shən)
The invasion of the body by microorganisms that can cause disease or by a virus. Microorganisms that can cause infection include bacteria, fungi, and protozoans.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.infection - the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganismsinfection - the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms
health problem, ill health, unhealthiness - a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain
enterobiasis - an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by the pinworm Enterobius vermicularis; occurs especially in children
whitlow, felon - a purulent infection at the end of a finger or toe in the area surrounding the nail
focal infection - bacterial infection limited to a specific organ or region especially one causing symptoms elsewhere
cross infection, nonsocial infection - an infection that is acquired at a hospital or other healthcare facility
opportunistic infection - any infection caused by a microorganism that does not normally cause disease in humans; occurs in persons with abnormally functioning immune systems (as AIDS patients or transplant patients receiving immunosuppressive drugs)
paronychia - infection in the tissues adjacent to a nail on a finger or toe
protozoal infection - any infection caused by a protozoan
respiratory infection, respiratory tract infection - any infection of the respiratory tract
itch, scabies - a contagious skin infection caused by the itch mite; characterized by persistent itching and skin irritation; "he has a bad case of the itch"
bilharzia, bilharziasis, schistosomiasis - an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by a parasite of the genus Schistosoma; common in the tropics and Far East; symptoms depend on the part of the body infected
sepsis - the presence of pus-forming bacteria or their toxins in the blood or tissues
sore - an open skin infection
staphylococcal infection - an infection with staphylococcus bacteria; usually marked by abscess formation
septic sore throat, strep throat, streptococcal sore throat, streptococcus tonsilitis, throat infection - an infection of the oral pharynx and tonsils by streptococcus
eye infection, hordeolum, sty, stye - an infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid
superinfection - infection that occurs while you are being treated for another infection
suprainfection - secondary infection caused by an opportunistic infection
tapeworm infection - intestinal infection by a species of parasitic tapeworm; usually the result of eating inadequately cooked meat or fish
lockjaw, tetanus - an acute and serious infection of the central nervous system caused by bacterial infection of open wounds; spasms of the jaw and laryngeal muscles may occur during the late stages
toxoplasmosis - infection caused by parasites transmitted to humans from infected cats; if contracted by a pregnant woman it can result in serious damage to the fetus
viral infection, virus infection - infection by a virus that is pathogenic to humans
vaccina, vaccinia, variola vaccina, variola vaccine, variola vaccinia - a local infection induced in humans by inoculation with the virus causing cowpox in order to confer resistance to smallpox; normally lasts three weeks and leaves a pitted scar
incubation - (pathology) the phase in the development of an infection between the time a pathogen enters the body and the time the first symptoms appear
2.infection - (phonetics) the alteration of a speech sound under the influence of a neighboring sound
phonetics - the branch of acoustics concerned with speech processes including its production and perception and acoustic analysis
linguistic process - a process involved in human language
3.infection - (medicine) the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease
medical specialty, medicine - the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques
pathologic process, pathological process - an organic process occurring as a consequence of disease
zymosis - (medicine) the development and spread of an infectious disease (especially one caused by a fungus)
4.infection - an incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted
incident - a single distinct event
5.infection - the communication of an attitude or emotional state among a number of people; "a contagion of mirth"; "the infection of his enthusiasm for poetry"
communication - something that is communicated by or to or between people or groups
6.infection - moral corruption or contamination; "ambitious men are led astray by an infection that is almost unavoidable"
corruption, corruptness - lack of integrity or honesty (especially susceptibility to bribery); use of a position of trust for dishonest gain
7.infection - (international law) illegality that taints or contaminates a ship or cargo rendering it liable to seizure
illegality - unlawfulness by virtue of violating some legal statute
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"

infection

noun disease, condition, complaint, illness, virus, disorder, corruption, poison, pollution, contamination, contagion, defilement, septicity Ear infections are common in pre-school children.
Translations
عدوىعَدْوَىعَدْوى، إنْتِقال المَرَضمَرَض، إصابة بالمَرَض
infecció
infekcenákaza
infektion=-infektion
infekto
infektiotarttuminentartunta
infekcija
infection
smitsÿking
感染伝染感化
전염
infectio
infekcija
infekcia
okužba
infektion
การติดเชื้อโรค
інфекція
nhiễm trùng

infection

[ɪnˈfekʃən] N
1. (= illness) → infección f
she has a slight infectiontiene una pequeña infección
2. (= process) → contagio m
the risk of infectionel riesgo de contagio

infection

[ɪnˈfɛkʃən] ninfection f
risk of infection → risque d'infection
to be resistant to infection → résister à l'infection ear infection, throat infectioninfection rate n [disease] → taux m d'infection

infection

n
(= illness)Infektion f, → Entzündung f
(= act of infecting)Infektion f; (of water)Verseuchung f, → Verunreinigung f

infection

[ɪnˈfɛkʃn] ninfezione f

infect

(inˈfekt) verb
to fill with germs that cause disease; to give a disease to. You must wash that cut on your knee in case it becomes infected; She had a bad cold last week and has infected the rest of the class.
inˈfection (-ʃən) noun
1. the process of infecting or state of being infected. You should wash your hands after handling raw meat to avoid infection.
2. a disease. a throat infection.
inˈfectious (-ʃəs) adjective
likely to spread to others. Measles is an infectious disease.
inˈfectiously adverb

infection

عَدْوَى infekce infektion Infektion μόλυνση infección infektio infection infekcija infezione 感染 전염 infectie infeksjon zakażenie infeção, infecção инфекционная болезнь infektion การติดเชื้อโรค enfeksiyon nhiễm trùng 感染

in·fec·tion

n. infección, invasión del cuerpo por microorganismos patógenos y la reacción y efecto que éstos provocan en los tejidos;
acute ______ aguda;
airborne ______ aerógena;
chronic ______crónica;
contagious ______ contagiosa;
cross ______ hospitalaria;
fungus ______ de hongos parásitos;
hospital acquired ______ intrahospitalaria;
initial or primary ______ inicial o primaria;
massive ______ masiva;
opportunistic ___enfermedad oportunista infecciosa;
pyogenic ______ piogénica;
secondary ______ secundaria;
subclinical ______ subclínica;
systemic ______ sistémica;
water-borne ______ hídrica.
V. cuadro en la página 154.

infection

n infección f; bacterial — infección bacteriana or por bacterias; bladder — infección de vejiga; fungal — infección fúngica (form), infección micótica (form), infección de or por hongos; upper respiratory tract — infección de las vías respiratorias superiores or altas; urinary tract — (UTI) infección del tracto urinario (ITU), infección de orina (fam); viral — infección viral, infección de or por virus; yeast — candidiasis f (form), infección por hongos or levaduras
References in periodicals archive ?
In the case of a chronic infection, many patients are subjected to a game of antibiotic Russian Roulette as physicians seek a cure of an ongoing infection-a contributing factor to the overuse of antibiotics and to antibiotic resistance.
During the early weeks of the new infection, the bacteria mutated 40 to 50 times faster than did earlier chronic infection samples.
Chronic inflammation is an underlying mechanism in chronic infection, autoimmune illness, and cancer.
The discovery brings a fresh idea for the chronic infection treatment, such as for HIV, immune disorders and chronic inflammation, such as rheumatoid arthritis, septicemia etc.
Washington, April 12( ANI ): UCLA scientists have found that blocking a protein critical to immune response temporarily actually helps the body clear itself of chronic infection, suggesting new approaches to treating persistent viral infections like HIV and hepatitis C.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- scientists showed that temporarily blocking a protein critical to immune response actually helps the body clear itself of chronic infection.
Immunosuppressed patients and patients on hemodialysis have higher rates of conversion to chronic infection.
So it might seem odd that such a drug can curb chronic infection by a virus.
In what appears to be a paradox, research has shown that HIV may have evolved so that the average viral load set-point--around 33 000 copies/ml--seen in most untreated people during chronic infection is finely balanced between being optimal for HIV transmission and optimal for host survival according to a study published online recently in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Most of these infections were disseminated and often resulted in chronic infection.
During acute or chronic infection, many HIV-infected individuals who are not on drug treatment have high levels of circulating virus that is ostensibly wild type; the virus has no detectable mutations that would make it resistant to drugs like tenofovir (Viread) or lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra).
Inmates who test positive for hepatitis C should be evaluated for chronic infection and the extent of liver disease;

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