Thirty patients with chronic periodontitis
and moderately deep pockets were treated with scaling and root planing and were randomly assigned to receive, in double-blind fashion, probiotic lozenges twice a day (morning and evening after toothbrushing) or placebo lozenges for 3 weeks.
Lead author Professor Thomas Dietrich, from the University of Birmingham, explained: "Most teeth are lost as a result of either caries (tooth decay) or chronic periodontitis
In a human study by Wang Hu et al in 2013 the reciprocal interaction between lichen planus and chronic periodontitis
and serum levels of IL-17 was evaluated and the results showed significantly higher serum levels of IL-17 in patients with concomitant oral lichen planus and chronic periodontitis
compared to the healthy controls.
is a periodontal disease that is initiated and sustained by microorganisms living in biofilm communities that are present in supra--and subgingival plaque in the form of uncalcified and calcified biofilms.
The study examined the impact of nonsurgical periodontal therapy on over 500 subjects with both type 2 diabetes and moderate to advanced chronic periodontitis
The genes that are responsible for nervous system development and immune function also play a role in an insidious gum disease known as chronic periodontitis
, reveal researchers at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
Gum specialist Dr Peter Galgut said: "Numerous clinical studies have reported chronic periodontitis
may bring about coronary heart disease and it has also been implicated in problems relating to diabetes and obesity.
According to Faith Oguz, MD, from Inonu University in Malatya, Turkey, many studies have reported a link between chronic periodontitis
and systemic vascular diseases, such as coronary heart disease, which in turn have been linked with erectile dysfunction.
The main aetiological factors do not differ from those associated with chronic periodontitis
, such as virulent periodontal pathogenic microbiota and/or impaired host defence mechanisms [Clerehugh and Tugnait, 2001; Oh et al.
iNOS activity was reported to increase in ligature-induced periodontitis (27), experimental periodontitis (30), and chronic periodontitis
(20), (26), (31).
reuteri Prodentis reveals - as the first probiotic ever - significant reductions of three different pathogens in patients with chronic periodontitis
has been linked to multiple members of the domain Bacteria .