Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


A whitish, fibrous serpentine mineral, Mg3Si2O5(OH)4, that is the most common variety of commercial asbestos. Also called white asbestos.

[German Chrysotil : Greek khrūso-, chryso- + Greek tilos, something plucked (from tillein, to pluck).]


(Minerals) a green, grey, or white fibrous mineral, a variety of serpentine, that is an important source of commercial asbestos. Formula: Mg3Si2O5(OH)4
[C20: from chryso- + Greek tilos something plucked, shred, thread, from tillein to pluck]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chrysotile - a grey or green fibrous mineral; an important source of commercial asbestos
asbestos - a fibrous amphibole; used for making fireproof articles; inhaling fibers can cause asbestosis or lung cancer
References in periodicals archive ?
EPA 2014d); chrysotile in Nooksack and Sumas, Washington (U.
There are three commercial types, listed in the order of most deadly, crocidolite, amosite and chrysotile.
Since 2004 the Russian Federation, on behalf of its asbestos industry and with the assistance of Kazakhstan, Canada and a handful of other countries, has fought to prevent chrysotile (one of the main minerals containing asbestos; also known as white asbestos) from being listed in Annex III of the Rotterdam Convention.
A single form of serpentine asbestos, called, chrysotile or white asbestos, is the most commonly used form of asbestos, and accounts for approximately 95% of the asbestos found in buildings throughout the United States.
Amosite would account for approximately 9% and the remaining 90% is chrysotile.
The recent announcement by the newly elected Quebec Government that it would withdraw its loan guarantee to the Jeffrey asbestos mine, and the subsequent announcement by the Federal Government that it would drop its objection to the inclusion of chrysotile asbestos on the United Nations' Rotterdam Convention, constitute a major public health victory.
The substance in question is chrysotile asbestos, a white silicate mineral used as a binding agent in cement.
However, with its readily accessible deposits of chrysotile, or white asbestos, in Quebec dwindling, Canada's exports have ebbed, according to a report in the journal Lancet .
Yarborough concluded in his review that the role of chrysotile fibers in mesothelioma pathogenesis is weak although he suggested the possibility of a threshold for chrysotile (8,9).
For the past 15 years, Chadha has been buying chrysotile asbestos from the Jeffrey Mine in Asbestos, Quebec (170 kilometres east of Montreal), selling it to about a dozen major cement manufacturers in India, where demand for the fibre is high.
Chrysotile asbestos in rocks is relatively harmless, they say, and unless someone were to work in a quarry for many years, the threat from serpentine is essentially zero.