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 (thŏn′ĭk) also chtho·ni·an (thō′nē-ən)
adj. Greek Mythology
Of or relating to the underworld.

[From Greek khthonios, of the earth, from khthōn, earth; see dhghem- in Indo-European roots.]


(ˈθəʊnɪən) or


(Classical Myth & Legend) of or relating to the underworld
[C19: from Greek khthonios in or under the earth, from khthōn earth]

chthonic, chthonian

having to do with the underworld.
See also: Earth
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.chthonian - dwelling beneath the surface of the earth; "nether regions"
infernal - being of the underworld; "infernal regions"
References in periodicals archive ?
According to Paglia, "what the West represses in its view of nature is the chthonian, which means 'of the earth'--but earth's bowels, not its surface" (5).
But we've also got "hot Jupiters" (gas giants like 51 Pegasi b that are so close to their stars that they complete an orbit in just a few days); chthonian planets (gas giants like HD 209438b, whose atmosphere is being stripped down to expose the planet's presumably rocky core); lava-ocean worlds (like CoRoT-7b, a rocky planet so hot it's probably covered in molten lava); and diamond globes (like 55 Cancri e, an exceedingly carbon-rich lava world).
Readers accustomed to Invisible Man can no doubt recollect its episodes: the battle royal; Trueblood's blues tale; Lucius Brockway at Liberty Paints; or the party at the Chthonian, for example.
Mylius 1975: 361, 63)--is to demonstrate that these nocturnal, satanic forces are explicable by agency of natural principles, as physiological forces, then Christianity might collapse, because it is grounded precisely in the belief that the chthonian, nocturnal, destructive forces exist and render necessary the restorative intercession of Christ, for the sake of salvaging man and the world.
Mahakala/Siva), and Enmaten--all taken in some respect as chthonian gods.
Alexander Haggerty Krappe related this word to the German mahr, "mare", a chthonian deity, the Polish mora, the Czech mura, "nightmare", Latin mors, mortis "death", the Lithuanian Maras, "death", "plague", and the Latvian Meris, "plague" (1938, 229).
This religion is pagan in character: it embraces nature-worship, demonology, Chthonian belief in the depths, Dionysian sex-idolization.
11) "Crateric," "cuprous" "ferrous," and "lavaed earth" suggest chthonian rather than divine forces at work in Nature.
The female, on the other hand, obeys a chthonian strength that links her to the animal roots of the human being.
References to these two (a constant in Greek culture overall (6)) are frequent in Athenian theater, these dualities obviously connected to the opposition between sky and earth, between uranian and chthonian divinities.
On the other is the Chthonic order, represented by Dionysus and Demeter, behind whom stand older earth gods, including the "great mother," Cybele; the symbol of the Chthonian order is the flute, and its values are passion, feeling, nature-worship and an openness to the experience of human suffering.
It is such life that will sufficiently sanctify an individual to be able to enter into conational relations with those preternatural forces in chthonian existence.