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 (thŏn′ĭk) also chtho·ni·an (thō′nē-ən)
adj. Greek Mythology
Of or relating to the underworld.

[From Greek khthonios, of the earth, from khthōn, earth; see dhghem- in Indo-European roots.]


(ˈθəʊnɪən) or


(Classical Myth & Legend) of or relating to the underworld
[C19: from Greek khthonios in or under the earth, from khthōn earth]

chthonic, chthonian

having to do with the underworld.
See also: Earth
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.chthonian - dwelling beneath the surface of the earth; "nether regions"
infernal - being of the underworld; "infernal regions"
References in periodicals archive ?
According to Paglia, the Venus of Willendorf exemplifies the chthonian since the figure is faceless, anonymous, virtually formless and un-individuated (p.
The female, on the other hand, obeys a chthonian strength that links her to the animal roots of the human being.
On the other is the Chthonic order, represented by Dionysus and Demeter, behind whom stand older earth gods, including the "great mother," Cybele; the symbol of the Chthonian order is the flute, and its values are passion, feeling, nature-worship and an openness to the experience of human suffering.
It is such life that will sufficiently sanctify an individual to be able to enter into conational relations with those preternatural forces in chthonian existence.
In writing about the chthonian, maternal origins of the figure of Marsyas in Lee's tale, Pulham achieves some remarkable rhetorical effects: "Skinned alive, Marsyas body becomes a kind of disturbing double for the body in its embryonic state, in which the blood and veins of the foetus are visible through the translucence of the skin" (49).
Chthonian Cloverleaf Oh, I'm driving over a concrete clover Two hundred feet up--or more
In terms that strangely echo Perec's book, Barthes writes that the novel as practiced by Robbe-Grillet is no longer "of a chthonian, infernal nature, it is earthly; it teaches us to look at the world no longer through the eyes of the confessor, the physician or God--all of whom are revealing hypostases of the classical novelist--but through those of a man walking around the city, with no other horizon than what he sees, with no other power than the power of his eyes.
Our idea of the pretty is a limited notion that cannot possibly apply to earth's metamorphic underworld, a cataclysmic realm of chthonian violence.
This treatment of duende elaborates on the common Andalusian usage, which Allen Josephs claims "has more the sense of a chthonian daimon of force" (White Wall 95).
Garlic was closely related to the cult of Hecate, a chthonian divinity and patron of sorcerers (Theocritus Idylls II).
Linked with the earth, snakes were associated with chthonian powers and the Greeks and Romans regarded them as guardians of sacred places, houses and tombs.