churl


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churl

 (chûrl)
n.
1. A rude, boorish person. See Synonyms at boor.
2. A miserly person.
3.
a. A ceorl.
b. A medieval English peasant.

[Middle English, from Old English ceorl, peasant.]
Word History: The Old English word ceorl (in which the c was pronounced (ch) as in modern English churl) designated a freeman of the lowest class—one who had a social position above a slave but below a thane. Ceorl comes from Germanic *karilaz, whose basic meaning is "old man." In Finnish, which is not a Germanic language, the Germanic word was borrowed and survives almost unchanged as karilas, "old man." The Old Norse descendant of the Germanic word, karl, means "old man, servant," and the Old High German equivalent, karal, meaning "man, lover, husband," has become the name Karl. The Germanic word also entered Old French as Charles, from which we have the name Charles. The Medieval Latin form Carolus is based on the Old High German karal. The fame of Carolus Magnus, "Charles the Great," or Charlemagne, added luster to the name Carolus, and the Slavic languages later borrowed the name as their general word for "king," korol' in Russian—and so, despite the gulf between a king and a churl, the Russsian korol and the Old English ceorl are related.

churl

(tʃɜːl)
n
1. a surly ill-bred person
2. (Historical Terms) archaic a farm labourer
3. (Historical Terms) a variant spelling of ceorl
[Old English ceorl; related to Old Norse karl, Middle Low German kerle, Greek gerōn old man]

churl

(tʃɜrl)

n.
1. a rude, boorish, or surly person.
2. a peasant; rustic.
3. a niggard; miser.
4. ceorl.
[before 900; Middle English cherl, Old English ceorl man, freeman; c. Old Frisian tzerl, tzirl, Middle Low German kerle; akin to carl]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.churl - a crude uncouth ill-bred person lacking culture or refinementchurl - a crude uncouth ill-bred person lacking culture or refinement
disagreeable person, unpleasant person - a person who is not pleasant or agreeable
2.churl - a selfish person who is unwilling to give or spendchurl - a selfish person who is unwilling to give or spend
hoarder - a person who accumulates things and hides them away for future use
pinchgut - a niggardly person who starves himself (and others)
3.churl - a bad-tempered personchurl - a bad-tempered person    
disagreeable person, unpleasant person - a person who is not pleasant or agreeable
crabby person, crab - a quarrelsome grouch
hothead, fire-eater - a belligerent grouch
misanthrope, misanthropist - someone who dislikes people in general

churl

noun
An unrefined, rude person:
Translations

churl

[tʃɜːl] N (= person) → patán m

churl

References in classic literature ?
He must have had some ups and downs in life to make him such a churl.
touching the one of them, it were hard for me to render a reason for a fool speaking according to his folly; and the other churl is of that savage, fierce, intractable race, some of whom, as I have often told you, are still to be found among the descendants of the conquered Saxons, and whose supreme pleasure it is to testify, by all means in their power, their aversion to their conquerors.
There was no play nor graceful movement of his sceptre; he kept it straight and stiff like a man unpractised in oratory--one might have taken him for a mere churl or simpleton; but when he raised his voice, and the words came driving from his deep chest like winter snow before the wind, then there was none to touch him, and no man thought further of what he looked like.
He is a drunken, brawling, perilous churl, as you may find to your cost.
Young man, a whisper even sprang up in obscure malignity, that one ignorant and besotted Churl (a parent) so committed himself as to object to it by name.
They are churls, and they must speak like churls and not like fine folk, and if you don't like the tale, turn over the leaf and choose another.
But, above all things, I warn my master that if he is to take me with him it must be on the condition that he is to do all the fighting, and that I am not to be called upon to do anything except what concerns keeping him clean and comfortable; in this I will dance attendance on him readily; but to expect me to draw sword, even against rascally churls of the hatchet and hood, is idle.
Rather, our immortal essences are the beautiful and the good, even if times, customs, paces, politics, and opinions insist that immortal essence is the metaphysical rant of a fool and a churl for a long season.
Though Park recognizes that behaving well with respect to a churl can be a challenge, he believes "you need to decide how you're going to treat people.
Determined not to churl, I thumbed through my program, The First Folio (of course it was), as my companion visited Ye Olde Laydies Roome.
Yet, Saadi loved the race of men, No churl immured in cave or den, In bower and hall, He wants them all, No can dispense With Persia for his audience; They must give ear, Grow red with joy, and white with fear, Yet he has no companion, Come ten, or come a million, Good Saadi dwells alone.
Would some power, good or bad, Instruct me which way I might be revenged Upon this churl [Banks], I'd go out of myself, And give this fury leave to dwell within This ruined cottage ready to fall with age.