churl


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churl

 (chûrl)
n.
1. A rude, boorish person. See Synonyms at boor.
2. A miserly person.
3.
a. A ceorl.
b. A medieval English peasant.

[Middle English, from Old English ceorl, peasant.]
Word History: The Old English word ceorl (in which the c was pronounced (ch) as in modern English churl) designated a freeman of the lowest class—one who had a social position above a slave but below a thane. Ceorl comes from Germanic *karilaz, whose basic meaning is "old man." In Finnish, which is not a Germanic language, the Germanic word was borrowed and survives almost unchanged as karilas, "old man." The Old Norse descendant of the Germanic word, karl, means "old man, servant," and the Old High German equivalent, karal, meaning "man, lover, husband," has become the name Karl. The Germanic word also entered Old French as Charles, from which we have the name Charles. The Medieval Latin form Carolus is based on the Old High German karal. The fame of Carolus Magnus, "Charles the Great," or Charlemagne, added luster to the name Carolus, and the Slavic languages later borrowed the name as their general word for "king," korol' in Russian—and so, despite the gulf between a king and a churl, the Russsian korol and the Old English ceorl are related.

churl

(tʃɜːl)
n
1. a surly ill-bred person
2. (Historical Terms) archaic a farm labourer
3. (Historical Terms) a variant spelling of ceorl
[Old English ceorl; related to Old Norse karl, Middle Low German kerle, Greek gerōn old man]

churl

(tʃɜrl)

n.
1. a rude, boorish, or surly person.
2. a peasant; rustic.
3. a niggard; miser.
4. ceorl.
[before 900; Middle English cherl, Old English ceorl man, freeman; c. Old Frisian tzerl, tzirl, Middle Low German kerle; akin to carl]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.churl - a crude uncouth ill-bred person lacking culture or refinementchurl - a crude uncouth ill-bred person lacking culture or refinement
disagreeable person, unpleasant person - a person who is not pleasant or agreeable
2.churl - a selfish person who is unwilling to give or spendchurl - a selfish person who is unwilling to give or spend
hoarder - a person who accumulates things and hides them away for future use
pinchgut - a niggardly person who starves himself (and others)
3.churl - a bad-tempered personchurl - a bad-tempered person    
disagreeable person, unpleasant person - a person who is not pleasant or agreeable
crabby person, crab - a quarrelsome grouch
hothead, fire-eater - a belligerent grouch
misanthrope, misanthropist - someone who dislikes people in general

churl

noun
An unrefined, rude person:
Translations

churl

[tʃɜːl] N (= person) → patán m

churl

References in classic literature ?
He must have had some ups and downs in life to make him such a churl.
touching the one of them, it were hard for me to render a reason for a fool speaking according to his folly; and the other churl is of that savage, fierce, intractable race, some of whom, as I have often told you, are still to be found among the descendants of the conquered Saxons, and whose supreme pleasure it is to testify, by all means in their power, their aversion to their conquerors.
There was no play nor graceful movement of his sceptre; he kept it straight and stiff like a man unpractised in oratory--one might have taken him for a mere churl or simpleton; but when he raised his voice, and the words came driving from his deep chest like winter snow before the wind, then there was none to touch him, and no man thought further of what he looked like.
The world is full of renunciations and apprenticeships, and this is thine: thou must pass for a fool and a churl for a long season.
He is a drunken, brawling, perilous churl, as you may find to your cost.
At a banquet celebrating their release, Jonson reports, his 'old mother' produced a paper of poison which, if necessary, she had intended to administer to him to save him from this disgrace, and of which, she said, to show that she was 'no churl,' she would herself first have drunk.
There are graces in the demeanor of a polished and noble person which are lost upon the eye of a churl.
Young man, a whisper even sprang up in obscure malignity, that one ignorant and besotted Churl (a parent) so committed himself as to object to it by name.
But, above all things, I warn my master that if he is to take me with him it must be on the condition that he is to do all the fighting, and that I am not to be called upon to do anything except what concerns keeping him clean and comfortable; in this I will dance attendance on him readily; but to expect me to draw sword, even against rascally churls of the hatchet and hood, is idle.
Fair ladies, brave knights, churls, varlets, squires, scurvy knaves, men-at-arms, malapert rogues--all were merry.
Come, Sir Knights," spoke Paul of Merely, "we will ride within and learn what manner of churls inhabit this ancient rookery.
They are churls, and they must speak like churls and not like fine folk, and if you don't like the tale, turn over the leaf and choose another.