chytrid


Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

chy·trid

 (kī′trĭd)
n.
Any of various usually aquatic and often parasitic or saprophytic fungi in the division Chytridiomycota, having flagellated gametes. The parasitic chytrid Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis is thought to be responsible for a worldwide decline in amphibian populations.

[From New Latin Chytridium, type genus of the division, from Greek khutridion, little pot (the genus being so called after the potlike structure containing the unreleased spores of the fungi), diminutive of khutris, khutrid-, pot, diminutive of khutrā, pot; see gheu- in Indo-European roots.]

chytrid

(ˈkaɪtrɪd)
n
(Plants) any aquatic fungus of the phylum Chytridiomycota. Some species, esp Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, are fatal to amphibians
[C20: from Greek khutridion little pot]

chy•trid

(ˈkaɪ trɪd, ˈkɪ-)

n.
any of the aquatic or soil fungi of the class Chytridiomycetes, having flagellated zoospores.
[< New Latin Chytridiales <Chytridi(um) a genus (< Greek chytrídion, diminutive of chýtra pipkin)]
References in periodicals archive ?
Alexander Liddington's study involved taking swabs from the 13 species of frogs found in the national park to test for the presence of Chytrid fungus, a widespread disease which is destroying global amphibian populations.
To avoid accidental introduction of pathogens, such as the Chytrid fungus, to frog populations, hygiene protocols were implemented as per recommendations by Murray et al.
The chytrid fungus thrives in a wide range of conditions, and it affects national parks around the country.
Widespread occurrence of the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis on Oregon spotted frogs (Rana pretiosa).
Alternatively, occupancy models have been used to model the dynamics of chytrid fungus for studies in which individual hosts within a patch are assessed for disease, and prevalence is estimated as the proportion of infected hosts (inferred via PCR detection of a pathogen) in a patch (20).
In Australia, 28 per cent of frogs are threatened with extinction, while amphibians are also under attack from the deadly Amphibian Chytrid Fungus.
In 2005 the Atlanta Botanical Garden, Zoo Atlanta and Southern Illinois University sent a team of scientists to Panama to collect live animals before chytrid disease struck the area.
Additionally, the Chiricahua leopard frog faces an insidious Chytrid fungus that weakens the animal to susceptibility to illness and predation.
Molecular and cultural assessment of chytrid and Spizellomyces populations in grassland soils.
Majorcan midwife toads now flourish in mountain ponds once infected with the lethal chytrid fungus called Bd (for Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis), says Trent Garner of the Institute of Zoology in London.
Fungicial effects of chemical disinfectants, UV light, desiccation and heat on the amphibian chytrid Batracochytrium dendrobatidis.
Each is a highly targeted drug for diseases like pulmonary tuberculosis, cystic fibrosis, vaginitis and several non-human diseases, including chytrid fungus, which is decimating salamanders and causing white nose syndrome in North American bats.