cilium


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Related to cilium: selenium, psyllium husk

cil·i·um

 (sĭl′ē-əm)
n. pl. cil·i·a (-ē-ə)
1. A microscopic hairlike process extending from the surface of a cell or unicellular organism. Capable of rhythmical motion, it acts in unison with other such structures to bring about the movement of the cell or of the surrounding medium.
2. An eyelash.
3. Botany One of the hairs along the margin or edge of a structure, such as a leaf, usually forming a fringe.

[Latin, eyelid; see kel- in Indo-European roots.]

cilium

(ˈsɪlɪəm)
n, pl cilia (ˈsɪlɪə)
1. (Zoology) any of the short thread-like projections on the surface of a cell, organism, etc, whose rhythmic beating causes movement of the organism or of the surrounding fluid
2. (Anatomy) the technical name for eyelash
[C18: New Latin, from Latin: (lower) eyelid, eyelash]

cil•i•a

(ˈsɪl i ə)

n.pl., sing. cil•i•um (ˈsɪl i əm)
1. short, hairlike, rhythmically beating organelles on the surface of certain cells that provide mobility, as in protozoans, or move fluids and particles along ducts in multicellular forms.
2. the eyelashes.
[1705–15; New Latin, pl. of cilium eyelash, perhaps from Latin supercilium eyebrow; see superciliary]

cil·i·um

(sĭl′ē-əm)
Plural cilia
A hair-like projection capable of a whipping motion and found in certain vertebrate cells and microscopic organisms, especially protozoans. Some microorganisms, such as paramecia, use cilia for movement. Cilia lining the human respiratory tract act to remove foreign matter from air before it reaches the lungs.

cilium

(pl. cilia) A microscopic, hairlike projection from some cells.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cilium - a hairlike projection from the surface of a cell; provides locomotion in free-swimming unicellular organisms
cell organ, cell organelle, organelle - a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ; "the first organelle to be identified was the nucleus"
2.cilium - any of the short curved hairs that grow from the edges of the eyelidscilium - any of the short curved hairs that grow from the edges of the eyelids
hair - a covering for the body (or parts of it) consisting of a dense growth of threadlike structures (as on the human head); helps to prevent heat loss; "he combed his hair"; "each hair consists of layers of dead keratinized cells"
eyelid, lid, palpebra - either of two folds of skin that can be moved to cover or open the eye; "his lids would stay open no longer"
Translations
brvařasinka
ripsivärekarva
cilie

cil·i·um

n. L. párpado.
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, the objective of this research program is to determine the role of the primary cilium and associated molecular components in the osteogenic differentiation and recruitment of human MSCs in loading-induced bone adaptation.
The study shows that variations in FTO indirectly affect the function of the primary cilium, a little-understood hair-like appendage on brain and other cells.
Over the years, the research group has been a leader in primary cilium research.
Instead, a mesh of molecules resembling a brush is tethered to each hair-like cilium and, as each cilium sways back and forth, the brush collectively propels the mucus forward.
A single cilium is a cell's eyes and nose, GPS receiver and even weather vane.
ST NICHOLAS ABBEY failed to deliver on his return to action at the Curragh but trainer Aidan O'Brien appeared far from disheartened despite the much-discussed colt managing only third behind Dermot Weld's four-year-old filly Unaccompanied and 33-1 outsider Cilium in the Geegeez.
3) It is quite interesting that most of the genes mutated in CDKs code for proteins that localize to the primary cilium of the tubular epithelial cells, a fairly recently rediscovered organelle.
Each cilium is dotted with receptors, or tiny depressions, the shape of each one corresponding specifically to the shape of the molecules of one group of odours (e.
The unexpected connection between the primary cilium and cell-to-cell signalling is one of the most exciting discoveries in cell and developmental biology in the last decade.