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1. Any of various evergreen trees and shrubs of the genus Cinchona, native chiefly to the Andes, some species of which are cultivated for their bark, which contains quinine and other alkaloids used chiefly to treat malaria.
2. The dried bark of any of these plants. Also called Jesuit's bark, Peruvian bark.
[New Latin Cinchona, genus name, reputedly after Francisca Henríquez de Ribera (1576-1639), Countess of Chinchón.]
cin·chon′ic (sĭng-kŏn′ĭk, sĭn-chŏn′-) adj.
1. (Plants) any tree or shrub of the South American rubiaceous genus Cinchona, esp C. calisaya, having medicinal bark. Also called: quina or quinaquina
2. (Pharmacology) Also called: cinchona bark, Peruvian bark, calisaya, china bark, quina or quinaquina the dried bark of any of these trees, which yields quinine and other medicinal alkaloids
3. (Pharmacology) any of the drugs derived from cinchona bark
[C18: New Latin, named after the Countess of Chinchón (1576–1639), vicereine of Peru]
cin•cho•na(sɪŋˈkoʊ nə, sɪn-)
n., pl. -nas.
1. any of several trees or shrubs of the genus Cinchona, of the madder family, native to the Andes, esp. C. calisaya, whose bark yields quinine.
2. the medicinal bark of such trees or shrubs.
[1740–50; < New Latin, after Francisca Enriques de Ribera, Countess of Chinchón (d. 1641), who was associated in several accounts (now considered spurious) with the introduction of quinine into Europe]
cin•chon′ic (-ˈkɒn ɪk) adj.
Any of several evergreen trees and shrubs of South America whose bark is the source of quinine and certain other drugs used to treat malaria.
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|Noun||1.||cinchona - medicinal bark of cinchona trees; source of quinine and quinidine|
bark - tough protective covering of the woody stems and roots of trees and other woody plants
|2.||cinchona - any of several trees of the genus Cinchona|
genus Chinchona, genus Cinchona - large genus of trees of Andean region of South America having medicinal bark
Cartagena bark, Cinchona cordifolia, Cinchona lancifolia - Colombian tree; source of Cartagena bark (a cinchona bark)
calisaya, Cinchona calisaya, Cinchona ledgeriana, Cinchona officinalis - Peruvian shrub or small tree having large glossy leaves and cymes of fragrant yellow to green or red flowers; cultivated for its medicinal bark
Cinchona pubescens, cinchona tree - small tree of Ecuador and Peru having very large glossy leaves and large panicles of fragrant pink flowers; cultivated for its medicinal bark
cinchona, cinchona bark, Jesuit's bark, Peruvian bark - medicinal bark of cinchona trees; source of quinine and quinidine
tree - a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown; includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms