cinchona


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cin·cho·na

 (sĭng-kō′nə, sĭn-chō′-)
n.
1. Any of various evergreen trees and shrubs of the genus Cinchona, native chiefly to the Andes, some species of which are cultivated for their bark, which contains quinine and other alkaloids used chiefly to treat malaria.
2. The dried bark of any of these plants. Also called Jesuit's bark, Peruvian bark.

[New Latin Cinchona, genus name, reputedly after Francisca Henríquez de Ribera (1576-1639), Countess of Chinchón.]

cin·chon′ic (sĭng-kŏn′ĭk, sĭn-chŏn′-) adj.

cinchona

(sɪŋˈkəʊnə)
n
1. (Plants) any tree or shrub of the South American rubiaceous genus Cinchona, esp C. calisaya, having medicinal bark. Also called: quina or quinaquina
2. (Pharmacology) Also called: cinchona bark, Peruvian bark, calisaya, china bark, quina or quinaquina the dried bark of any of these trees, which yields quinine and other medicinal alkaloids
3. (Pharmacology) any of the drugs derived from cinchona bark
[C18: New Latin, named after the Countess of Chinchón (1576–1639), vicereine of Peru]
cinchonic adj

cin•cho•na

(sɪŋˈkoʊ nə, sɪn-)

n., pl. -nas.
1. any of several trees or shrubs of the genus Cinchona, of the madder family, native to the Andes, esp. C. calisaya, whose bark yields quinine.
2. the medicinal bark of such trees or shrubs.
[1740–50; < New Latin, after Francisca Enriques de Ribera, Countess of Chinchón (d. 1641), who was associated in several accounts (now considered spurious) with the introduction of quinine into Europe]
cin•chon′ic (-ˈkɒn ɪk) adj.

cin·cho·na

(sĭng-kō′nə, sĭn-chō′nə)
Any of several evergreen trees and shrubs of South America whose bark is the source of quinine and certain other drugs used to treat malaria.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cinchona - medicinal bark of cinchona treescinchona - medicinal bark of cinchona trees; source of quinine and quinidine
chinchona, cinchona - any of several trees of the genus Cinchona
bark - tough protective covering of the woody stems and roots of trees and other woody plants
2.cinchona - any of several trees of the genus Cinchonacinchona - any of several trees of the genus Cinchona
genus Chinchona, genus Cinchona - large genus of trees of Andean region of South America having medicinal bark
Cartagena bark, Cinchona cordifolia, Cinchona lancifolia - Colombian tree; source of Cartagena bark (a cinchona bark)
calisaya, Cinchona calisaya, Cinchona ledgeriana, Cinchona officinalis - Peruvian shrub or small tree having large glossy leaves and cymes of fragrant yellow to green or red flowers; cultivated for its medicinal bark
Cinchona pubescens, cinchona tree - small tree of Ecuador and Peru having very large glossy leaves and large panicles of fragrant pink flowers; cultivated for its medicinal bark
cinchona, cinchona bark, Jesuit's bark, Peruvian bark - medicinal bark of cinchona trees; source of quinine and quinidine
tree - a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown; includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms
Translations

cinchona

[sɪŋˈkəʊnə]
A. Nquino m
B. CPD cinchona bark Nquina f
References in periodicals archive ?
Attn: Director of Cinchona and Other Medicinal Plants
In the tea segment at the conference, there was prominent input from the Indonesian Tea Board and the Indonesian Tea and Cinchona Research Institute, with innovative proposals for state-of-the-art technologies for product and processing innovations from Japan, Sri Lanka, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and China.
While quinine was isolated from the bark of the cinchona tree in 1820, chloroquine, proguanil, mefloquine, and atovaquone each were developed during or after a military conflict during 1945-1985.
The book follows a crippled smuggler working for the East India Company as he - along with two companions - heads deep into uncharted territory to find cinchona trees, the only source of quinine that can cure the outbreak of Malaria across the Empire.
De ese mismo viaje revelaria que "fui a Cinchona, en el camino hacia Sarapiqui, y alli habia un gran equipo de gente trabajando en la siembra de cinchona o quina".
Which analgesic occurs naturally in the bark of the cinchona tree?
The new law will end an era of professional prostitution or high-end pornography, which was born through the web - it has downgraded the integrity not only of Filipino women, but of the country as a whole," Congresswoman Cinchona Gonzales of Citizens Battle Against Corruption (Cibac), a sectoral party at the House of Representatives, who filed the bill in 2013, told Gulf News.
Como caso de estudio se escogio el canton de Poas, Costa Rica, municipio que se ubica dentro del area de afectacion de varios terremotos, como el de Fraijanes de 1888 y el de Cinchona de 2009.
The result was Pine and Sudachi Tonic, which is a classic combination in Japanese cooking, combining pine needles, cinchona bark, coriander, fennel seed, star anise and pepper with juice from the sour Japanese citrus.
Ohashi, Transformation of Cinchona Alkaloids into 1-N-Oxide Derivatives by Endophytic Xylaria sp.
Cinchona Cruz-Gonzales, and Deputy Ombudsman Gerard Mosquera.
In 1856, William Perkins, a London chemist, was trying to synthesise quinine, a malaria treatment made from cinchona bark.